Infectious Diseases Data Verified

COVID-19 Vaccines in India

Published on Jan 23, 2021   -  5 min read


Two vaccines, Covishield and Covaxin, have been granted emergency use authorization in India. Read about these vaccines' indications, contraindications, precautions, and side effects.


COVID-19 Vaccines:

A vaccine is a medical or biological preparation that activates the immune system in an individual to fight pathogens that enter the body. Killed or deactivated form of the pathogen, toxin, or surface protein are commonly used to prepare a vaccine. The process of administration of the vaccine is known as vaccination. For people to develop immunity or defense against the SARS-CoV-2 virus (the virus that causes COVID-19) and put an end to this pandemic, various COVID-19 vaccines have been developed, and some have also been approved for emergency use.

Basic knowledge and understanding of these vaccines are necessary before you choose to get vaccinated. Educating ourselves about the advantages, disadvantages, precautions, and side effects of these vaccines will avoid unnecessary panic. The two vaccines that are now being administered in India are Covishield and Covaxin. An individual's medical history and health condition should be greatly considered before getting these vaccines. Some people fear that COVID-19 vaccines can make them prone to COVID-19 infection. But these vaccines do not contain any live components of SARS-CoV-2 and are relatively safe.

What Are Eligible for COVID-19 Vaccines?

On January 16, 2021, the Indian Government started administering two vaccines against SARS-CoV-2, Covaxin and Covishield (developed by Bharat Biotech and Serum Institute of India, respectively). These vaccines have been granted restricted use because of the pandemic. The Government of India has selected healthcare workers and frontline workers as the first group to get vaccinated as they are at higher risk. The second group will be people over 50 years and adults with comorbid conditions.

What Are the Contraindications for COVID-19 Vaccines?

The various contraindication for COVID-19 vaccines are:

What Are the Precautions for COVID-19 Vaccines?

What Information Should You Provide Doctors Before Getting the COVID-19 Vaccine?

In case you are planning to get vaccinated, inform the doctor if you have any of the following medical conditions:

What Is Covishield?

Covishield or the Oxford-AstraZeneca vaccine is a vaccine developed in the UK. It is a vaccine that is approved for emergency usage in India. It is currently provided to prevent COVID-19 in people who are 18 years or older. The Covishield vaccine is administered in two separate doses. Each dose contains 0.5 ml of the vaccine. After the administration of the first dosage, the second dose is given after four to six weeks. If you miss the second dose, contact your healthcare provider and ask for their advice. This vaccine is given as an intramuscular injection. This intramuscular injection is administered in the deltoid muscle. The reason for the administration of vaccines in the deltoid muscle of the arm are:

What Are the Ingredients of the Covishield Vaccine?

The ingredients that are present in the Covishield vaccine are:

What Are the Side Effects of the Covishield Vaccine?

The common side effects of the Covishield vaccine are listed below. These side effects are seen in one person out of ten.

The other common symptoms that the person might experience after getting vaccinated are:

The rare side effects of Covishield, which affects only one out of 100 people, are:

This is not a comprehensive list of the side effects, and as the vaccine is new, other severe and unexpected side effects might also occur. If you develop any unusual signs or symptoms after getting vaccinated, inform your doctor immediately.

What Is Covaxin?

Covaxin is another vaccine for COVID-19, just like Covishield. It is a locally produced vaccine by the company Bharath Biotech that was approved for emergency use with certain restrictions. In the first and second phase of clinical trials, Covaxin has been shown to produce satisfactory immunity against the virus causing COVID-19. The third phase of the clinical trial is still under process.

What Are the Ingredients of the Covaxin Vaccine?

The ingredients of Covaxin are:

What Are the Side Effects of Covaxin?

The possible side effects of Covanix are:

There are also chances for the individuals to experience a severe allergic reaction after getting the vaccination. To avoid such situations, the person receiving the vaccine would be asked to stay for 30 minutes after receiving the dosage. The severe side effects caused by Covaxin are:


After receiving two doses of the COVID-19 vaccine, the patient will be followed up for three months. If the patient is experiencing any unusual symptoms after receiving the vaccine, they have to report to the doctor immediately. Even if you have been vaccinated, do not neglect the usage of face masks and gloves. It is also our social responsibility to maintain distance from others, as not everyone is vaccinated, and it might take some time until the general population starts getting vaccinated.

For more help, contact a physician on


This is a sponsored Ad. icliniq or icliniq doctors do not endorse the content in the Ad.

Article Resources

Last reviewed at:
23 Jan 2021  -  5 min read




Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers

The New Super-Spreader Strain of Coronavirus

Article Overview: A new variant of SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, is spreading fast in parts of the UK. Read how this new variant can affect you. Read Article

Dr. Sneha Kannan
Infectious Diseases Specialist

The novel Coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), the virus that has claimed millions of lives worldwide in just a year, is said to have undergone a lot of mutations since it first emerged. Since the last few weeks, the UK (United Kingdom) is facing a rapid increase in COVID-19 cases, especially in South East Eng...  Read Article

How to Stay Active in COVID-19?

Article Overview: It is essential to stay active both physically and mentally during this COVID-19 pandemic. Read this article to know more. Read Article

Dr. Lochana
General Medicine Physician

Why Is There Pressure to Stay Active? The pressure to stay motivated and positive is not only arising in this particular situation. Stress is always there in the fast running world. But now, it seems to be much more than a normal level. Reading a lot of self-improvement strategies to stay active an...  Read Article

COVID-19 - Prevention and Treatment

Article Overview: This article includes the various vaccines and medicines under trial to prevent and treat COVID-19. Also, read about the preventive tips. Read Article

Dr. Sneha Kannan
Infectious Diseases Specialist

To date, there are no approved vaccines or medicines that can prevent or cure COVID-19 (Coronavirus Disease-2019). The best we can do to prevent this infection is by following strict hand hygiene and maintaining social distancing. Clinical management includes infection control and supportive care. E...  Read Article

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Covid-19 or Covid-19 Pandemic?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: All health articles published on this website are not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.