What Is Pulmonary Fibrosis?
Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung illness that happens when lung tissue tends to be harmed and scarred. This thickened, firm tissue makes it more troublesome for your lungs to work appropriately. As pulmonary fibrosis worsens, more shortness of breath occurs. The scarring related to pulmonary fibrosis can be caused by a large number of factors. The lung dysfunction caused by pulmonary fibrosis cannot be brought back to normal, but treatments can now and then offer assistance to ease side effects and make strides in the quality of life. For a few individuals, a lung transplant can be appropriate.
What Are the Symptoms of Pulmonary Fibrosis?
Pulmonary fibrosis might sometimes occur without any symptoms. The common symptoms are:
The condition is known to hit older adults first. Your symptoms may seem minor at first. It might progress over time. The symptoms can vary from one person to another. Some patients with pulmonary fibrosis become severely ill.
What Causes Pulmonary Fibrosis?
The causes of pulmonary fibrosis can be understood under several categories:
- Autoimmune Diseases:
These illnesses cause your body’s resistant framework to assault itself. Immune system conditions that can lead to pulmonary fibrosis include:
Pulmonary fibrosis may be a result of a variety of infections.
If a person is exposed to a wide variety of things within the environment and working space, those things can contribute to pulmonary fibrosis. For instance, cigarette smoke contains numerous chemicals that can harm your lungs.
Other materials that can damage your lungs include:
Some medications may also increase your risk of developing pulmonary fibrosis. If you take these medications on a regular basis, you may require close monitoring by your doctor.
Antibiotics such as Nitrofurantoin and Sulfasalazine.
Chemotherapy drugs, such as Cyclophosphamide.
Cardiac drugs, such as Amiodarone.
In numerous cases, the precise cause of pulmonary fibrosis is unknown. In unknown cases, the condition is called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF).
Few studies show that some genes are responsible for this condition. But still, research is going on regarding the role of genetics in pulmonary fibrosis.
What Are the Risk Factors?
The risk increases in the following conditions:
Family history of the condition.
History of smoking.
The age group of 40-70 years.
It has an autoimmune disorder associated with the condition.
Medications associated with this disease.
Undergone treatment for cancer.
Exposure of chest to radiation.
Occupational hazards to people working in a high-risk area, such as mining and construction.
What Are the Complications?
Complications of pulmonary fibrosis might include:
Pulmonary Hypertension: This condition affects only the arteries in your lungs. This raises the pressure within the pulmonary arteries. Some forms of pulmonary hypertension become very worse.
Right-Sided Heart Failure (Cor Pulmonale): This serious condition occurs when your lower right chamber of the heart has to pump harder than usual.
Respiratory Failure: This is often the chronic stage of lung disease. It occurs when oxygen levels in the blood fall dangerously low.
Lung Cancer: Long-standing pulmonary fibrosis develops the risk of lung cancer.
What Is the Life Expectancy of Someone With Pulmonary Fibrosis?
The average life expectancy of patients with pulmonary fibrosis may be three to five years after diagnosis. Early detection of this condition is the way to slow the progression. The rate at which pulmonary fibrosis affects people’s life might vary.
How Is Pulmonary Fibrosis Diagnosed?
Pulmonary fibrosis is a common type of lung disease that exists. It is often misdiagnosed as asthma, pneumonia, or bronchitis. There are several methods for performing a biopsy. So you will need to get help from your doctor, and they will recommend the best procedure for you.
Your doctor may also use a variety of other tools to properly diagnose pulmonary fibrosis, and to rule out other conditions. These may include:
An echocardiogram or cardiac stress test is used to see if a heart problem is causing any of the symptoms.
In cases when the diagnosis is not known, a tissue sample, or biopsy, should be taken.
How Is Pulmonary Fibrosis Treated?
Your specialist cannot turn around the lung scarring, but they can prescribe medicines to assist in the progress of your breathing and to slow the progression of the disease. The medicines underneath are a few illustrations of current choices utilized for overseeing pulmonary fibrosis.
Your doctor may also encourage you to make a few lifestyle changes. They are:
A lung transplant may be recommended for patients aged over 65 with severe disease. Your doctor may also recommend you for pulmonary rehabilitation. This treatment plan involves a program of exercise, education, and support. This will help you to breathe more easily.
What Are the Tips for Prevention?
A few cases of pulmonary fibrosis may not be preventable. Other cases are connected to natural and behavioral hazard components that can be controlled. Follow these tips to lower your chance of getting the disease:
If you have inconvenience breathing, make an appointment with your specialist. Early determination and treatment can eliminate the long term effects of an individual with numerous infections in the lung, including pulmonary fibrosis.
For more details and discussion about the condition, call a doctor online.
Frequently Asked Questions