Colposcopy is the procedure where the doctor uses a colposcope to examine the cervix, vagina, and vulva for any abnormality. It is used to diagnose genital warts, cervicitis, precancerous tissue changes in the cervix, vagina, or vulva.

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What are the risks of conducting biopsy on a pregnant woman?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 30 years old and 20 weeks pregnant. I got an abnormal pap result with ASC-H. I had another pap two years ago and it was normal. My doctor wants to do a colposcopy and biopsy. However, I read that it does result in complication when biopsy is performed on a pregnant woman. Can I do bi...  Read Full »

Dr. Radhakrishnan Nair. B

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I can understand your situation and concern. You have to undergo colposcopy and if necessary biopsy too. It can be done during pregnancy and the only problem may happen is mild bleeding, which can be managed. If the lesion is mild, then it can be followed up. Mode...  Read Full »

The HPV test is negative and Pap smear shows some abnormalities. Kindly give your opinion.

Query: Hi doctor, My wife's Pap smear test and HPV test showed CIN1 and HPV 16 positive three years back. Two years back, the colposcopy was normal. One month back, Pap smear test and HPV test were repeated. The result was negative for HPV, but the Pap smear showed some changes and abnormalities. Could yo...  Read Full »

Dr. Nisha Marhatta

Answer: Hi, Welcome to HPV (human papillomavirus) is a virus that can cause cervical cancer. It can occasionally infect, and the body clears it up by normal immune defense mechanism; if that fails, subtle changes can happen at the cervix, which over the years can progress into cancer. How...  Read Full »

How is HPV diagnosed?

Query: Hi doctor, A month back, I did a Pap smear and it came back abnormal. I was told that I have HPV. My doctor did colposcopy two weeks back. It showed normal results. What does this mean? Do I have HPV? Can I have a low risk? I do not have any warts.  Read Full »

Dr. Sravanthi Nuthalapati

Answer: Hi,Welcome to are some differences between the tests that you have done. I will try to explain it. A Pap smear is a test used to screen whether a woman has a cancerous or precancerous cell over the mouth of the uterus. It is basically a screening test for cervical cancer. As it is ...  Read Full »

Is it mandatory to have LEEP surgery in CIN1?

Query: Hi doctor, Is it necessary to have a LEEP surgery in CIN1?  Read Full »

Dr. Uzma Arqam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have gone through the attached reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Your results showed cervicitis with metaplasia and suspected CIN1 (cervical intraepithelial neoplasia). In a colposcopy, it should be discussed in detail. It needs treatment soon....  Read Full »

Is it necessary to undergo biopsy for an UTI?

Query: Hi doctor, My aunt is suffering from urine infection. Doctor advised her to go for a biopsy to find out the cause. My concern is, is it safe to get a biopsy?  Read Full »

Dr. Megha Tuli Gupta

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understood your concern. But, biopsy is not recommended for any form urinary tract infection (UTI). Biopsy is a test of a small amount of mass which is usually done when cancer is suspected. For further assistance consult an obstetrician and gynaecologist online...  Read Full »

PAP smear test shows metaplastic epithelial cells. Is colposcopy needed?

Query: Hello doctor,I am 39 years old female. For the last three months, I am having a long period cycle for 10 days. The first day is flowing but rest days are spotting. I have done pap smear test as suggested by a gynecologist. The report is showing some metaplastic epithelial cells.I was suggested to do...  Read Full »

Dr. Uzma Arqam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have seen your report (attachment removed to protect patient identity), could not read it completely as important part is missing from the picture. But, there is some chronic infection of the cervix that affected cervical histology and there are some changes in the ce...  Read Full »

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