An echocardiogram is an ultrasound scan of the heart. It uses sound waves to produce images of your heart. It can spot blood clots in the heart, the presence of fluid around the heart, cardiomyopathies, and problems in the aorta.

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Can I take bronchodilator for chest pain?

Query: Hi doctor, My problem is that I have pain in my left lung . Firstly, I will let you know the history. I cannot play any of the sports properly due to the pain. If I work hard such as playing football, running, etc., it will lead to a great pain . And, I cannot even properly cough and it never go aw...  Read Full »

Dr. Anshul Varshney

Criticalcare Physician, Diabetologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Medical Gastroenterologist, Nephrologist, Pulmonologist, Rheumatologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to We are here to help you. Important here is that only pain is not a symptom of lung allergy or asthma. If that is associated with shortness of breath while doing any physical activity, then it is a sign of asthma. I would recommend a clinical examination in such case. If ...  Read Full »

Routine echo shows moderate pulmonary hypertension. What does it mean?

Query: Hello doctor,I had a routine echo done a couple of weeks ago and just got the results yesterday. The sheet says moderate pulmonary hypertension with peak pressure 54 mmHg and central venous pressure of 15.0. Since I only picked up the results no one explained it to me but set up an appointment with ...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to This means pressure in the pulmonary circulation has increased likely due to lung problem (if echo is not showing any abnormalities other than this). Likely this is related to obesity although we need to rule out other causes of pulmonary hypertension by doing CT sca...  Read Full »

Please explain the echo report in detail along with remedy.

Query: Dear doctor, My mother has some problem. Nothing specific, but a general weakness with increased heart rate sometimes. After a course of gastroenterology specialist checkup, no abnormality was found in the gastrointestinal tract. But, now an echocardiography reveals some type of dysfunction in the ...  Read Full »

Dr. Vivek Pillai


Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through your mother's reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The LV (left ventricular) diastolic dysfunction in the echo is normally seen in females of her age and is not a cause for worry. The heart rate in both the ECGs (echocardiogr...  Read Full »

What are the signs of mitral regurgitation?

Query: Hi doctor, I just want to know what is the meaning of mitral regurgitation, and mild tricuspid regurgitation in 2D echo?  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have seen the report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Mild mitral and tricuspid regurgitation means there is a mild leakage across these valves. Mild regurgitation may be seen in otherwise normal individuals or with age. It is not necessarily ab...  Read Full »

What does low ejection fraction mean?

Query: Hello doctor, I have shortness of breath. I have done transthoracic echo complete with Doppler interpretation. I have attached the report. Kindly suggest.  Read Full »

Dr. Isaac Gana


Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have thoroughly gone through your echo investigation (attachment removed to protect patient identity), most of the parameters were noted to be within normal range with the exception of ejection fraction. The ejection fraction was noted to be 50% which is slight...  Read Full »

How to slow down the progression of bicuspid aortic valve and mouth breathing?

Query: Hello doctor, For the last one week, I am breathing through my mouth. I was told ARND six to seven years before in echo that my aorta valve is biscupid and it mildly leaks. So every one or one and half years I was doing echo and it was mild. Now yesterday, I again had an echo and the doctor said i...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Siddiq

Cardiologist, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Bicuspid aortic valve is the most common congenital cardiac anomaly. It usually does not cause any symptoms or complications but occasionally, it may lead to aortic dilatation and aortic regurgitation. Nothing to worry right now. Only if you have hypertension it should...  Read Full »

Is diastolic dysfunction reversible?

Query: Hello doctor, I recently had an echo done for my heart, and the results are: Nondilated aortic root: sinus of Valsalva 3.5 cm, sinotubular junction 2.4 cm. Ascending aorta not imaged. Normal arch appearance normal flow and proximal descending aorta. Tricuspid, normally functioning aortic valve....  Read Full »

Dr. Md Rajja

Internal Medicine Physician, General Practitioner, General Medicine Physician, Family Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Nondilated aortic root: Sinus of Valsalva 3.5 cm, sinotubular junction 2.4 cm. Ascending aorta not imaged. Normal arch appearance normal flow and proximal descending aorta. Tricuspid, normally functioning aortic valve. Main pulmonary artery and pulmonary valve appear...  Read Full »

Can I take Atenolol 50 mg even if I have dizziness and low BP?

Query: Hi doctor, I am on medication Atenolol 50 mg for the last 2 years. Nowadays, I am going through low blood pressure. Yesterday, my blood pressure was 115/65 mmHg. I am also having dizziness. I had gone through dizziness and low blood pressure of 110/65 mmHg last month and it remained for four to five...  Read Full »

Dr. Amit Arora

Cardiologist, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I would like to ask a few questions. Do you ever complain of chest pain associated with palpitation? Is there any family history of heart disease? Since how long you are taking Atenolol? Do have complained of shortness of breath or edema over legs an...  Read Full »

What does RWMA in echocardiography mean?

Query: Hi doctor, My father aged 66 is diagnosed with these three conditions as per echocardiography. RWMA seen as per text, mild LVsystolic dysfunction, LVEF- 50 % and a clot in heart. What does it mean and what treatment shoud be given?  Read Full »

Dr. Ahmed Goha


Answer: Hi, Welcome to I can understand your concern. The echo findings of RWMA suggests that your father has coronary artery disease which means occlusion or stenosis of coronary arteries that supplies the heart, EF 50 % means the function of the heart is borderline, and their is a clot i...  Read Full »

Are panic attacks and irregular heartbeats serious?

Query: Hi doctor,I feel as if I am getting irregular heartbeats. I had suffered from panic attacks quite a few times in the last six months. Since then, I have been having these irregular heartbeats. Although, I have not had a panic attack now, the heart still beats irregularly and it occurs throughout the...  Read Full »

Dr. Aditi Gupta Jha

General Medicine Physician, General Practitioner, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to If you have not got any tests done so far for this, then you should seriously take a step forward in that direction. You will need an ECG, a 2D echocardiogram and a blood pressure check. Another thing is, if it is a panic attack, then you will know when you are getting it...  Read Full »

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