Hair loss can be caused by various factors, the most common of which is the genetic transmission from the maternal side of the family, including maternal uncles, siblings, grandparents, and so on. As a result, they usually appear in a patterned form, with receding hair lines, hair loss, and thinning in the crown or front area of the scalp. Other causes include seborrheic dermatitis, dandruff, and stressful events following viral infections such as chicken pox and covid-19. And also, conditions such as typhoid or surgeries cause hair cycle arrest at the dormant phase, causing the hair follicles to stay idle without growing or shedding.
They are usually temporary and can be reversed. These are mainly due to climatic factors, dietary factors, vitamin and mineral deficiencies, and hormonal fluctuations, such as in the case of androgenetic alopecia, where there is hair loss due to fluctuations in testosterone hormones (male hormones). Also, any underlying medical conditions such as thyroid, autoimmune conditions, and frequent use of hair products such as hair creams, smoothening, straightening, usage of hair colors, and shaved hair can all lead to this situation. Aside from that, every individual's hair goes through a cycle known as the hair cycle, which is divided into three or four stages. The hair growth phase, shedding phase, and dormancy phase, in which hair follicles remain idle. The phases are known as anagen, catagen, and telogen. Hair shedding up to 100 to 150 hairs per day is normal during this cycle and is a natural occurrence.
I suggest you get a blood test done. It should include CBC (complete blood count), Hb (hemoglobin), Ferritin, Serum Iron, Zinc, vitamin D3 (25-hydroxyvitamin D), vitamin B12 (Cobalamin), DHEAS (dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate), and TFT (thyroid function test) tests. These tests help rule out vitamin and mineral deficiencies and the presence of autoimmune conditions or hormonal imbalances. Then, take the tablet Follihair (Amino Acids, Vitamins, Minerals, and Biotin) once daily after food at night for two months. They aid in the regularization of the hair cycle and stimulating hair growth and density. After consulting a dermatologist, you can also do PRP (platelet-rich plasma) with mesotherapy procedures. These procedures may be helpful when coupled with medications for hair growth stimulation. They are superficial injections done on the scalp, and in the case of PRP, the patient's blood is drawn up to 10 to 12 ml and is centrifuged in a machine to extract growth factors, which are then injected on the scalp to stimulate hair growth. Mesotherapy, on the other hand, is a similar procedure performed with biotin and vitamin-containing serum rather than blood components. For best results, both procedures are repeated every 15 days for at least six sessions.
In case of dandruff or seborrheic dermatitis, use KZ plus (Ketoconazole and Zinc pyrithione) lotion. Apply it by gently massaging it for one minute, keep it for 5 mins, and wash it off. Then, continue it for one week. Dandruff is one of the most common causes of hair loss, and treating it will aid in the restoration of lost hair. Avoid eating red meat, dairy products, sweets, and fried and oily foods. Instead, consume more fruits and vegetables and drink at least 12 glasses of water per day. Make sure to include eggs as a source of protein in your diet. Please provide an image of the affected area for better evaluation and assessment of the severity of the condition.
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