Lung Cancer

Small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer are the two types of lung cancer. Non-small cell lung cancer includes adenocarcinoma, large cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma. Smoking is the primary risk factor; however, it may also be associated with people exposed to smoke, chemicals, or toxins. Treatment includes surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, targeted therapy, and palliative therapy.

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What are the nodules in the lungs, what do they mean, and what might be the cause?

Query: Hi doctor, My mom has lung cancer, she is 69 years old, recently did six weeks of chemotherapy and radiotherapy. The scan report came out, need help interpreting it. Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. I have gone through the reports (attachment removed to protect the patient’s identity) you have attached. The current report is suggestive of improvement in the large primary tumor. But now develops small nodules in the right lung and one micr...  Read Full »

Please tell me about the life expectancy of cancer.

Query: Hi doctor, My friend has been having left shoulder pain for months. For the last three weeks, he is also having the hoarseness in his voice (can barely speak) and little energy. He is eating well, but not gaining weight. He has no other symptoms. He is a carpenter and 50 years old. He smokes cigaret...  Read Full »

Dr. Anshul Varshney

Answer: Hi, Welcome to We are here to help you. I am really sorry to hear about his state. The description given by you with x-ray findings (attachment removed to protect patient identity) supports the diagnosis of lung cancer. Tuberculosis is a possibility, but it is less likely. Hoars...  Read Full »

How do I get screened for cancer risk?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 33-year-old male. My weight is 91 kg, and my height is 5 feet and 11 inches. How do I get screened for cancer? My mom died of lung cancer at the age of 52. My maternal uncle died of stomach cancer at the age of 50. I have a burning sensation in my stomach from the last three ye...  Read Full »

Dr. Kumar Varadarajan Senthil

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Firstly, try to get physically fit by slowly building up your physical endurance. Join a gym and work out regularly apart from eating healthy. Have your baseline blood works done along with the liver function tests, bone profile, and kidney profile. The burning sensa...  Read Full »

My mother is diagnosed with lung cancer, and her PD-L1 is 1%. Will Tecentriq help?

Query: Hello doctor, My mother has been diagnosed with lung cancer and they have tested for various markers (eGFR, PD-L1, TTF, etc.). Her PD-L1 is 1% and our understanding is that FDA approved Tecentriq only for situations of PD-L1 greater than 50. The tumor is 3 by 5. Can you provide any guidance on ho...  Read Full »

Dr. Rajesh Gulati

Answer: Hi, Welcome to, I understand your concern. As the PD-L1 (Programme death ligand-1) is one percent, Tecentriq (Atezolizumab) would not help much. Tecentriq slows down the growth of cancer cells. Thank you.  Read Full »

I have pleural effusion with a mass in my lung. Please help.

Query: Hi doctor, I have recently visited ER due to a sob. Then, I was diagnosed with a pleural effusion of the left lung. Blood work and urinalysis completed during the visit showed normal values. I had a chest X-ray and CT scan, which confirmed such and revealed a mass in this area. The next day, I went ...  Read Full »

Dr. Divakara P

Answer: Hi, Welcome to In case of pleural effusion with mass in the lung, any doctor should do the suspect tumor in the lung. Other conditions can cause pleural effusion like infection, inflammation, etc.; these conditions would have shown in the pleural fluid analysis. The option you...  Read Full »

What is the treatment for forced breathing and persistent cold and cough?

Query: Hello doctor, I recently had issues with a somewhat forced breathing and a cold or a cough that is not clearing up from the last two to three months. The doctor sent me for a pulmonary test, the results of which I have attached. What do they mean? I have also attached my latest blood reports. Can yo...  Read Full »

Dr. Salah Saad Shoman

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through both the reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Your lung function tests detected a decreased diffusing capacity which can be due to either a vascular disease that decreases the blood supply to a portion of the lung or parenchyma...  Read Full »

I need further treatment guidance for a patient with lung cancer. Please help.

Query: Hi doctor,I am contacting you on behalf of someone diagnosed with lung cancer. I need further treatment guidance. The treatment is getting too expensive. I need guidance based on the reports attached for further proper treatment. The condition has been for a year. The patient cannot eat and drink fo...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zubayer Alam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. I can understand your concern. According to your statement, your patient has had lung cancer called metastatic adenocarcinoma, and despite taking chemotherapy, there is no improvement. According to your patient's ultrasound, a small rounded ...  Read Full »

Are pulmonary nodules that double in size after a year cancerous?

Query: Hi doctor, Two CT scans a year apart have told me I have nodules on my lungs which have grown from 4 mm and 5 mm to 8 mm in a year. I have asthma and have also experienced tightness in my chest and sporadic coughing. Kindly give your opinion.  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zubayer Alam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to According to your statement, you have been suffering from tightness in the chest and cough. You have a history of pulmonary nodules. If the pulmonary nodules remain the same size for at least two years, it is considered benign. Usually, benign nodules grow slowly. But, ...  Read Full »

My husband has cancer in the lungs three years after the removal of rectal cancer. Kindly help.

Query: Hi doctor, My husband, three years ago, had rectal cancer removed with no treatment, and now two spots in the lungs are cancer. He is 52-year-old. I was wondering what type of surgery or treatment might be needed? Kindly give your opinion.  Read Full »

Dr. Pawar Satyajit Jalinder

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through your query, and I can understand your concern. Based on the history provided, your husband had rectal cancer three years ago. For which he had undergone surgery. He did not receive any additional treatment in the form of radiotherapy or chemotherapy...  Read Full »

I have pain in the right lungs with yellow phlegm. Can I have lung cancer?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 19 year old male, and I weigh 140 lbs, and I am 5.7 feet tall. About three weeks ago, I went to the doctor for a fever, chills, and a headache. I was told that it was a minor case of flu. I developed blood in my mucus soon after, but I did not go to the doctor, as it went away aft...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to It is a repeat lower respiratory tract infection, which is leading to both yellow phlegm and chest pain due to inflammation of pleura called as pleuritis. Chances of cancer are very less, provided your young age. Still, you should get one a chest x-ray done. I suggest ...  Read Full »

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