Metastasis

When cancer cells detach from their original developed site and spread to different parts of the body through the bloodstream or lymphatics and develop a new tumor at the new site, it is known as metastasis. But some cancers tend to metastasize only to some areas. Lung cancer tends to spread to the brain, bones, and liver. Breast cancer tends to spread to the brain, liver, lungs, chest wall, and bones. Prostate cancer spreads to the bones. Colon and rectal cancers spread to the liver and lungs.

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All the answers published in this website are written by Verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.

What is the prognosis of recurrent squamous cell carcinoma?

Query: Hi doctor, My father has been a patient of recurrent local squamous cell carcinoma. In the last one and half years, he has been operated for cystoprostatectomy and urethrectomy with an ileal conduit for urine bypass followed by lymphonodectomy. After all these surgeries, he had a recurrence seven mo...  Read Full »


Dr. Arvind Guru

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have reviewed the information and the biopsy report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Please understand that this pathological report is incomplete, so it is difficult to advise you the further course of therapy. In fact, further therapy will depend on...  Read Full »

My father is diagnosed with RCC. Kindly tell me it is benign or malignant?

Query: Hello doctor, My father, aged 70 years, lost five kg of weight in two to three months. Usg and CECT confirms a right renal mid-lower polar well defined large 11.3*10.6*12.0 cm soft tissue density homogeneously enhancing mass with internal regions of non-enhancement is observed with no obvious calci...  Read Full »


Dr. Anshul Varshney

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. As per the report, it is renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and it requires further evaluation. In the treatment of RCC, first of all, surgery is needed to remove the tumor and if required the kidney too. Then after confirming the diagnosis on histopathology, chemotherapy, o...  Read Full »

What are the chances for my daughter to survive with multiple tumors and pericardial effusion?

Query: Hello doctor,My daughter is in the ICU with pericardial effusion and multiple tumors. The fluid has been drained and there was blood mixed with the fluid. The regular blood test came back normal with no sign of cancerous cells. My question is, what are the chances that the tumors are benign? Through...  Read Full »


Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Firstly, there is a diagnostic dilemma. The reports you have uploaded (attachment removed to protect patient identity) are fine. But, you should upload the echo reports and the fluid investigations as well. Now, considering the pericardial effusion with multiple c...  Read Full »

I got a shave biopsy for melanoma in situ. Did the cancer cells get into my bloodstream?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a question about the biopsy that I had done. It was a shave biopsy, and it came back as melanoma in situ. I got a wide excision done, and it looks like there is still some of this mole left that was missed by the shave. If there was still melanoma cells in this left over part of...  Read Full »


Dr. Suvash Sahu

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read your query and concern. Melanoma is a malignancy of pigment-producing cells (melanocytes), located predominantly in the skin. The careful examination of lymph nodes can be determined by the staging of melanoma and the metastasis, that is, spread to oth...  Read Full »

I need further treatment guidance for a patient with lung cancer. Please help.

Query: Hi doctor,I am contacting you on behalf of someone diagnosed with lung cancer. I need further treatment guidance. The treatment is getting too expensive. I need guidance based on the reports attached for further proper treatment. The condition has been for a year. The patient cannot eat and drink fo...  Read Full »


Dr. Muhammad Zubayer Alam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thank you for the query. I can understand your concern. According to your statement, your patient has had lung cancer called metastatic adenocarcinoma, and despite taking chemotherapy, there is no improvement. According to your patient's ultrasound, a small rounded ...  Read Full »

My husband has cancer in the lungs three years after the removal of rectal cancer. Kindly help.

Query: Hi doctor, My husband, three years ago, had rectal cancer removed with no treatment, and now two spots in the lungs are cancer. He is 52-year-old. I was wondering what type of surgery or treatment might be needed? Kindly give your opinion.  Read Full »


Dr. Pawar Satyajit Jalinder

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your query, and I can understand your concern. Based on the history provided, your husband had rectal cancer three years ago. For which he had undergone surgery. He did not receive any additional treatment in the form of radiotherapy or chemotherapy...  Read Full »

Please advise treatment for stomach cancer metastases to six lymph nodes.

Query: Hello doctor, My father had surgery a month back for stomach cancer bleeding tumor and in the histopathological report after surgery showed that metastatic deposits of the tumor have been found in six lymph nodes. I request you to kindly advice what would be the best possible treatment in this scen...  Read Full »


Dr. Pawar Satyajit Jalinder

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. As seen in your reports, your father had stomach cancer, which is stage III. He will definitely need further treatment to avoid recurrence of the tumor. Usually, treatment should be started within 6 to 8 weeks. He has two options: Only chemotherapy or Chemotherap...  Read Full »

What causes brain tumors?

Query: Hello doctor,I have MRI scans, and I am attaching my reports. I would like an expert to review and advise.  Read Full »


Dr. Hitesh Kumar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. As per your neuroimaging report (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity), the possibility of some metastatic tumor on brain coverings (meninges or dura) can be there. The imaging photos are not properly accessible. For evaluation of this, possible ways ...  Read Full »

Please provide a second opinion on my father's scan reports.

Query: Hello doctor, I need a second opinion on the results that came back from the doctor's report. Can you explain the report and the steps that we need to take further on this matter?  Read Full »


Dr. Shahil Khant

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Relax and do not worry. I have gone through the reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity) and I will explain you in detail. This is a gallium PSMA (prostate-specific membrane antigen) scan done for the whole body. The patient in the scan had undergone rad...  Read Full »

What is non-FDG avid in a PET scan of a breast cancer patient?

Query: Hi doctor, My mother had breast cancer 13 years back, and this year again she has been diagnosed with bone only metastasis as per the report. She is currently on Letrozole and Ibrance for the last five months. Initially there was bone pain near pelvic, and so did the ultrasound, in that it came mini...  Read Full »


Dr. Arshad Hussain Shah

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your concern regarding the new findings on CT PET Scan of your mother. She is having multiple bony metastases proven radiologically and pathologically. The generalized mesenteric and omental haziness with raised tumor markers Ca 125 / CEA, these finding...  Read Full »

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