Normal Anatomy Variant

Anatomical variation is the slight deviation of the human anatomical structures from the normal anatomy. Anatomic variants are found in a small population, and in most cases, they do not pose any risk or impact on physiology. They are also known as normal variants. Anatomies have been considered normal based on the strength of the population possessing them. Therefore, when most people have the same anatomy and are the fittest for survival, it is considered normal anatomy. So any slight deviation from the normal anatomy possessing no impact on the physiology is variant anatomy or normal variant.

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Is Stenson duct normal in mouth?

Query: Hello doctor, Is Stenson duct normal in the mouth? They are located right next to the upper second molar on each side of the cheeks. Mine do not hurt and my doctor told me to rinse my mouth with salt water every day and they will go away. They are very annoying because you can feel them with your to...  Read Full »

Dr. Muzaffer Hussain Parray

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Normally, the ducts are not felt by the patient or individual. Sometimes this can happen as in your case. It is not any pathological condition it is a normal anatomical defect that happens one in thousands. Yes, you do not need any treatment for it, in case you handled...  Read Full »

Did sleeping on stomach cause twisted nerve in penis?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 23-years-old. From one week, I noticed a small twisted nerve on my penis. It is not irritating, not causing pain or burning. But it is looking odd. Actually, I slept on my stomach the previous night. From the next day, I noticed this. I do not masturbate also. Please advice me on ...  Read Full »

Dr. Khant Shahil Ramesh Bhai

Answer: Hello, Welcome to If possible, send me images so that I can see and suggest you properly. I hope this helps you. Kindly follow up with the images.  Read Full »

Is it mandatory to get tongue tie removed?

Query: Hello doctor,My daughter was recently told by her dentist she has tongue tie (ankyloglossia). She has never felt discomfort from it and it has never caused her to have any issues. Is it mandatory she gets it removed?  Read Full »

Dr. Muzaffer Hussain Parray

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I have gone through your question. I can understand your concern about your daughter. Tongue tie is an anatomical defect that means if it hinders in speech, eating, swallowing or there are many carious teeth in the mouth it has to be corrected. In case there is no problem...  Read Full »

Does my coronary CT angiogram show any abnormality?

Query: Hello doctor, I recently went for a coronary CT angiogram. I received the following report. While my GP explained my arteries were clear, he did not explain the anomaly apparently, which is in the middle line of the page I have attached.¬†Should I be concerned about this? What does it mean exactly?¬...  Read Full »

Dr. Anshul Varshney

Answer: Hi. Welcome to We are here to help you.¬†I have studied your report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). One of your arteries is not following the normal anatomical course as in other people.¬†However, this is a normal variant as is not going to harm you. There is no blocka...  Read Full »

I have certain changes in the mouth. Is it cancer?

Query: Hi doctor, I just wanted to know if the attached pictures are suggestive of mouth cancer.  Read Full »

Dr. Naveen Thomas

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I saw both the pictures (attachment removed to protect patient identity). They are just normal features seen inside the mouth. The bluish black you see is a blood vessel and the whitish color of the cheeks is just keratinized epithelium. So, do not worry and they are n...  Read Full »

Can extra bone be present on one side of both legs?

Query: Hi doctor, I am an 18 year old male. My brother and I seem to have an extra bone on one side of both the legs. I had this from my childhood, but there is no unique pain in it. Recently, I found that other people do not have that extra bone. Here is the picture for your reference. May I know the reas...  Read Full »

Dr. Sumit Chawla

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The extra bone, is a sesamoid bone called as fabella or cyamella. These sesamoid bones are normal anatomical variant. They are¬†nonfunctional in humans.¬†They do not cause any symptoms unless there is a fracture or constant irritation of the region by external pressure ca...  Read Full »

There is a patch of tiny lumps in my penis. What is that?

Query: Hi doctor,I just found out a patch of tiny¬†lumps under my frenulum or the prepuce. It is under my foreskin. I have not¬†been having sex for six months, and the search results on the internet relate it to genital warts. I would like to know the problem and settle it as soon as possible. Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Thakare Sampada Avinash

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Please send good quality image and revert.¬†It is hard to comment and give treatment without a picture. Is it associated with pain or discharge? Is it recurrent? Have you used any creams?¬†Do you have a history of unprotected sexual contact? Revert with more details and p...  Read Full »

Can you tell me the reason for deficient perineum?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 28 and sexually active. But, I do not have any baby yet. I had noticed a long time back that I do not have any gap between my vagina and anus. I got to know that as deficient perineum, but I could not find out more on the internet. Can you tell me why I do not have it and its cons...  Read Full »

Dr. Radhakrishnan Nair Bhaskaran

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Have you consulted any gynecologist or surgeon? It may be a normal variation. Since pictures are not available, it is difficult to comment. You better consult a gynecologist for a physical evaluation. For further information consult an obstetrician and gynaecologist onlin...  Read Full »

I have a yellowish bump in the conjunctiva and redness around it. What do you suggest?

Query: Hello doctor, There is a yellowish bump on the conjunctiva, near my cornea in the left eye. After waking, both eyes are red, especially around the bump. Also, it seems that in both my eyes, towards the nose a brown margin emerges from the limbus. What treatment do you recommend for that?  Read Full »

Dr. Sankaran Mathangee

Answer: Hello, Welcome to From the information provided, it looks like a pinguecula (occurs most commonly in people working in the sun, or in dry, hot weather conditions). It is harmless and sometimes can be inflamed leading to pain and redness (rarely occurs). I would suggest you use lubric...  Read Full »

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