Radiation Therapy

Radiation therapy is the modality of treatment in cancer. A high dose of radiation kills the cancer cells or affects their development by attacking the DNA of the cells. External beam radiation and internal beam radiation are two types of radiation. Fatigue, skin changes, dry mouth, etc., are some of the side effects of radiation therapy.

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My aunt with stage-2 thyroid cancer underwent surgery and is now suggested radiation therapy. Is it necessary?

Query: Hello doctor,My aunt was diagnosed with stage-2 thyroid papillary carcinoma. Since it started to spread to the lymph nodes, the doctor suggested a thyroidectomy. Last week she underwent surgery. Now when she went for a follow-up, they recommended radiation therapy. Before the surgery, they said that...  Read Full »


Dr. Arshad Hussain Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern. First, I want to tell you that this type of thyroid cancer has an excellent prognosis. At this stage, the cure rate is more than 90 %. If the surgery has been done successfully and the whole tumor, including lymph nodes, is removed, it is goo...  Read Full »

Can my 75-year-old mother with a previous radicular mastectomy for stage 2B cancer undergo radiation therapy?

Query: Hi doctor, My mum, who is 75- years- old, recently had a modified radical mastectomy for stage 2B invasive carcinoma (tumor size 3x3, two nodes of 19 dissected had metastasis). Her biopsy result says that NHS-grade 3 and positive lymph vascular and perineural invasion, the skin and areola and nipple...  Read Full »


Dr. Andrew Chellakumar Fenn

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. A summary of the patient's diagnosis, cancer stage T2, n1 (tumor 2, node 1), Grade 3, Er pr positive (estrogen and progesterone receptor testing), Lvi pni (lymphovascular and perineural invasion) positive. She is 75 years old with cardiac Comorbidity. I would suggest rad...  Read Full »

What is causing this benign meningioma tumor to grow?

Query: Hello doctor,My father is 87 years old and has been diagnosed with a benign meningioma of his brain. He had an MRI done recently, showing that the tumor had grown. He is supposed to undergo radiation therapy soon. Do you know what would cause cancer to grow? What is the prognosis? Is radiation thera...  Read Full »


Dr. Aida Abaz Quka

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your question carefully and would explain that we cannot determine what made the tumor grow, but you should know that the growth speed depends on the tumor type. There are different types of benign meningioma, which grow at different rates. A biopsy would ...  Read Full »

My father was diagnosed with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Is it advisable to remove the bladder?

Query: Hi doctor,My father was diagnosed with muscle-invasive bladder cancer seven months back and some enlarged local nodes, and then three months back, it moved to his sacrum bone. He received four cycles of Gem (gemcitabine)/Cis (cisplatin) over the course of three months. Last month, he was scheduled f...  Read Full »


Dr. Arvind Guru

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have reviewed the information (attachment removed to protect patient identity) provided. In my very limited opinion (as I have not seen the patient myself, and there can be other information that has been omitted in this query), surgery in the form of Complete Bladder ...  Read Full »

How to prevent damage to my eyes caused by radiotherapy for my nose cancer?

Query: Hi doctor,I have nose cancer, so I am going to get radiotherapy. The doctor said that the radiation might touch the eye, which may lead to loss of vision and eye removal. Is there any other way to prevent this? Please help.  Read Full »


Dr. Andrew Chellakumar Fenn

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. You have not given enough details, but from what I understand, you need to be given radiation to your nose. With conventional radiation, it is very difficult to save the eye, but we can try computerized radiation like IMRT (intensity-modulated radiation therapy) or VMAT (...  Read Full »

How can breast cancer be treated?

Query: Hi doctor, Can you please give me a second opinion on breast cancer treatment?  Read Full »


Dr. Pratik Patil

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com According to your report (attachment removed to protect patient's identity), post-mastectomy status is as follows: She is a 36-year-old female with two tumors in the resected breast in 11 o' clock and 1 o' clock position, which are more than 1.5 cm in size and also ha...  Read Full »

What are the risks of stopping radiotherapy halfway?

Query: Hi doctor, I had a tumor in the uterus, and I was admitted to the hospital last month, and successfully uterus, fallopian tube, lymph nodes were removed. The biopsy report came after a week. It says a tumor involving more than 50% of the myometrium's thickness, lymphovascular space invasion presen...  Read Full »


Dr. Jatin Bhatia

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I am sorry for your predicament. It is indeed difficult time due to pandemic. Ideally there should not be any gaps in the treatment, since gap results in increased chances of disease recurrence. I would advise to continue the treatment, however considering the pandemic,...  Read Full »

Why has my mother's skin turned black after undergoing radiation therapy?

Query: Hello doctor, My mother is 55 years old. She was diagnosed with right breast carcinoma around 1.5 years back. She was treated with eight sessions of chemotherapy and then, surgery (mastectomy) and again, 25 sessions of radiation therapy. She got the last dose of radiation therapy around four months ...  Read Full »


Dr. Arun Kaushik. R

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your concern. This is due to the radiation therapy. It will take some time for the lesions to heal. Daily dressing and pain reliever will help. As her immunity is low because of the radiation, dressing of the wound is essential as chance of infection is high....  Read Full »

Does nail indentation indicate recurrence of cancer?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 50-year-old female with stage 1A breast cancer history about seven years ago and treated surgically and with radiation on my right breast. I am on Tamoxifen daily. I was fine since. No other medical conditions. But I have noticed some indentations or slight depressions in my fi...  Read Full »


Dr. Shanza Ikram

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through the case. In my opinion, you are having melanonychia, but at the same time, you have applied nail color as well. There are a number of causes of such melanonychia in your case. It could be due to 1. Poor diet. 2. Vitamin B12 deficiency. 3...  Read Full »

What is the recurrence rate of Schwannoma?

Query: Hello doctor, Patient is a 66-year-old female. She have recurrent mass in the left supraclavicular area. 15 months prior, patient noted a mass at the left supraclavicular area approximately 3x3 cm, round, hard, smooth borders, movable, nontender. No pain, no numbness, no limitations of range of mot...  Read Full »


Dr. Ismail Kabakus

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Would you please try to upload MRI images? Looking at the pathology report, they concluded the mass is Schwannoma. A schwannoma is a type of nerve tumor of the nerve sheath. It is the most common type of benign peripheral nerve tumor in adults. Treatment options: m...  Read Full »

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