VSD, otherwise called a vascular septal defect, is a congenital defect or hole in the heart wall that separated the lower two chambers of the heart. This hole lets blood leak from one ventricle to another, which results in blood flowing back to the lungs, making the heart pump blood harder.

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What can cause heart murmurs in a 9-day-old baby?

Query: Hi doctor, My baby is 9 days old. Heart murmur was identified during check with the pediatrician. He said that the cardiovascular system is abnormal with soft systolic grade 2/6 murmur at LSB. We have done the echocardiogram and the results are as follows: Ventricular septal defect (Q21.0) with stab...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad M. Hanif Md.

Cardiologist, Criticalcare Physician, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I appreciate your trust in our services. I have carefully reviewed your query and can well establish the sensitivity of the health issues you described. The baby has actually got congenital heart malformations that are abnormalities in the development of normal heart stru...  Read Full »

Can prevailing heart problem cause vomiting, urine problem and fatty liver in a 6-year-old kid?

Query: Hello doctor, My 6-year-old son has a diaphragm problem. He has a heart problem post operated for VSD and having pacemaker from his 11th month. Now he have a new problem like vomiting, urine problem, fatty liver, gall bladder wall thickening, mega cardio, 30 percent heart function only. What is the...  Read Full »

Dr. Mian Shah Yousaf

Medical Gastroenterologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I am very much concerned about all the problems your son is going through. Now, he has a few different issues overall not a single problem. His urinary problem looks like due to inflammation of urinary bladder called cystitis, which needs investigation of urine and ...  Read Full »

How does congenital heart disease affect pregnancy?

Query: Hi doctor, My wife is pregnant now with nearly 10 weeks. She has congenital heart disease, so I need some clarity from you for getting the successful delivery. All reports including echo and ultrasound scan report are attached here for your reference. Importantly, she has not got any symptoms till ...  Read Full »

Dr. Prashant Valecha

Cardiologist, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. As per your wife's reports, she is having perimembranous vsd (ventricular septal defect) and severe pulmonary stenosis (PS). But, she does not have any complaints. Patients with severe PS will mostly tolerate pregnancy and 8 mm vsd will not be a concern. As cath study (ca...  Read Full »

How does Tetralogy of Fallot affect heart function?

Query: Hello doctor, In Tetralogy of Fallot, after systemic to pulmonary artery shunt is done, the mixed-blood goes through the pulmonary artery, then to the lungs to get oxygenated. This blood gets oxygenated, then enters the heart through the pulmonary vein. Now is it the same mechanism happening? So ho...  Read Full »

Dr. Anoop Mathew


Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I am a cardiologist, and I am glad to clarify your doubt. In Tetrology of Fallot, the defect between the two ventricles is significant and non-restrictive. Hence both ventricles will function at the same pressure. Also, the aorta lies directly above the ventricular s...  Read Full »

Will a 3 mm hole in the heart of a baby close on its own?

Query: Hi doctor, I had twins, a baby boy and girl. They were born at 34th week. The baby girl is doing fine. The baby boy has lung surfactant and he is fine now, but after echo test, the echo doctor said that 3 mm hole is there in his heart, but he says it is normal and will close naturally. Please sugge...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Siddiq

Cardiologist, General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Yes, your doctor has said right (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Usually ventricular septal defects, especially if small and muscular, close on itself over time. If there are no symptoms like turning blue or black, difficulty in breathing, recurrent che...  Read Full »

What is VSD?

Query: Hi doctor, My daughter is 28 days old. During her normal check up, after Doppler echocardiography it is found that she has a small VSD. The doctor said that it is normal and generally by a year it will get cured. But, I would like to have a second opinion with you. Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Sirisha


Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through the report (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Let me try to explain you the diagnosis. VSD- ventricular septal defect, is a communication between the lower chambers of the heart, which in normal should not be present. The problem with VS...  Read Full »

Does size of perimembranous VSD matter?

Query: Hello doctor, My baby was diagnosed with 4 mm VSD during the 20th week of pregnancy. After delivery, an echocardiogram was done and our pediatric cardiologist told that my baby has large perimembranous VSD shunting bidirectionally. But did not tell us the size. My baby is 3 months old now. I wish t...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Yes, size matters like small VSD (ventricular septal defect) do not require treatment, while large one (usually more than 6 mm of the size of the aorta) needs surgical correction only. So here it is being large and no significant gradient across it so needs surgical ...  Read Full »

My newborn child has a ventricular septal defect. Please help.

Query: Hello doctor,My newborn child was detected with heart-related issues. Could you please help me understand the severity? Please suggest further treatment.  Read Full »

Dr. Isaac Gana


Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Sorry to hear about your child's heart condition. Congenital heart disease is quite common amongst many children. To be able to tell you the severity, you should mention what is the exact condition that the doctor told is wrong with your child. So, I can tell you what ...  Read Full »

My cousin has a hole in his heart. Does he need any operation?

Query: Hi doctor, My cousin brother, who is 6 years old, has a minute hole of 2 mm in his heart. Sometimes, he takes a deep breath and is feeble by birth. His birth was a C-section. His father also has some chronic heart disease. His father's sister passed away because of heart disease. All the necessary t...  Read Full »

Dr. Rishu


Answer: Hello,Welcome to icliniq.com.Your brother is suffering from congenital heart disease. It is most likely it can be an atrial septal defect (ASD) or ventricular septal defect (VSD) or patent ductus arteriosus.I would suggest you get a 2D echo done. It will help us locate the exact cause and location ...  Read Full »

As all my tests are normal, what could be the cause for my palpitations and chest pain?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 18 years old. I have been a competitive athlete in my whole life. About a year ago, I started experiencing palpitations, near syncopal episodes, and chest pain. I have seen three cardiologists. I have had a bicycle stress test, limited echocardiogram looking at just the thickness of ...  Read Full »

Dr. Isaac Gana


Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your health issues do not show a relationship to your cousin's health problems because most babies do not survive more than a year with treatment in a case of ALCA (anomalous left coronary artery). Studies have shown that patients with Goldenhar syndrome (birth defects...  Read Full »

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