Dental & Oral Health

Dental Veneers - Advantages and Disadvantages

Written by Dr. Nivedita Dalmia and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

 
Image: Dental Veneers - Advantages and Disadvantages

What is a Dental Veneer?

  • A veneer is a thin layer of porcelain made to fit over the front surface of the tooth, for aesthetic purpose.
  • Veneer is like an artificial covering over a tooth surface.

Types of Veneer:

  • Porcelain veneer.
  • Composite veneer.

Let's Compare Porcelain Veneer with Composite Veneer:

  • Composite veneer can be built directly in the mouth whereas porcelain veneer cannot be built like that.
  • Composite veneer appearance is like that of a porcelain veneer.
  • Porcelain veneer is more expensive than composite veneer.
  • Porcelain has comparatively higher durability and strength.

Procedure to Place Veneer Over Tooth Surface:

The following are the steps involved while placing a veneer over the tooth surface.

  • Cleaning of the tooth surface.
  • The outer enamel surface is removed so that veneer can be placed over tooth surface.
  • 1/2-1 millimetre enamel is reduced.
  • Both the sides of the tooth (contact area between the tooth are also prepared.
  • Once the preparation is over, impression of the prepared tooth is taken.
  • Cast is prepared from the impression and sent to the laboratory for the fabrication of the veneer. The veneer is fabricated in the lab.
  • Shade guide is used to select the colour of the veneer matching with the adjacent tooth.
  • Veneer is then bonded over the front tooth surface using bonding agent.

What are the Uses of Veneer?

A dental veneer is needed in the following conditions:

  • To improve the colour, shape and position of front teeth.
  • To close small gaps between the front teeth.
  • For discoloured tooth, to establish the original colour.
  • For slightly fractured tooth.
  • For root canal treated tooth.
  • To correct mild surface erosion at the biting end of the front teeth.
  • To correct slight mal-alignment of the teeth.

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Wearing a Veneer:

Advantages:

  • More aesthetic.
  • Stain resistant when compared to tooth colored fillings.
  • Minimal tooth preparation is required when compared to a crown.
  • It is a lesser invasive procedure than other methods such as dental crowns.
  • No additional maintenance necessary apart from a check-up with dentist once in every six months.

Disadvantages:

  • Expensive dental procedure.
  • It is an irreversible procedure.
  • Fragility of the veneer.
  • Teeth sensitivity may occur after placing the veneer.
  • Debonding of the veneer may occur when you bite hard food stuff.
  • Change in colour may occur.
  • Individuals with veneer placed on their tooth cannot bite hard food using front tooth (such as apples, meat, guava, biscuits,etc.)

Alternate Options other than Veneers:

Dental restorative techniques other than veneers include:

  • Crowns (tooth cap).
  • Composite restoration (tooth colored fillings).

Do you have a discolored front tooth? Consult a dentist online for opinion regarding dental veneer --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/dentist

Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018

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