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Pregnancy and Oral Health

Published on Dec 03, 2020 and last reviewed on Sep 22, 2022   -  4 min read


Pregnancy is a crucial stage. Oral health can significantly influence pregnancy. Read this article to know more.

Pregnancy and Oral Health


Pregnancy is the period where a woman goes through a lot of roller-coaster rides. It is time she has to give additional importance to her health. When she is facing a lot of physiological changes, it might directly influence the oral health of an individual. Most of the dental treatments are restricted during pregnancy. Therefore, a routine dental check-up is necessary for the first trimester of pregnancy. Getting your oral health status checked up before planning your pregnancy is even better. There are many pieces of evidence to prove that young children get a lot of bacteria, causing dental caries from their mother. When the dental status has lots of possibilities inherited from the mother, it is necessary to take additional care for oral hygiene.

What Are the Common Dental Problems Faced by Pregnant Women?

According to the CDC reports, nearly 60-75% of pregnant women are known to have gingivitis. They are also easily prone to dental caries. The reduced salivary flow will contribute to various dental problems. People who are having severe periodontal problems during pregnancy might have a possibility of systemic complications. Pregnant women tend to get pyogenic granuloma. The other name of pyogenic granuloma is pregnancy tumor. They form a lump on the surface of the gingiva. It is not cancerous, but it will look very red, and they tend to bleed very easily. Tooth erosion is another common problem experienced by pregnant women. This is due to the morning sickness they undergo during pregnancy. Excess vomiting can damage the most challenging surface of teeth, the enamel. However, this is seen only in the initial stage of pregnancy. Some women might experience too much irritation and sensitivity in the gingiva.

What Are the Notable Concerns for Oral Health?

What Are the Tips to Be Followed for Maintaining Oral Health?

There are specific tips to be followed to stay away from dental problems during the pregnancy period. They are:

General Tips:

What Are the Medications That Are Safe During Pregnancy?

When a woman is confirmed to be pregnant, certain medications are considered unsafe for consumption. It is possible to manage oral pain with the help of non-opioid medications. If opioids are prescribed, then only low dose medication is preferred.

The following medications should be avoided during pregnancy:

The medications that are to be avoided during the first and third trimester of pregnancy are:

What Are the Complications of Poor Oral Health During Pregnancy?

The complications of poor oral health during pregnancy are:

Since pregnant women's oral health is essential, it is useful to always stay in touch with a dentist to clarify the doubts on dental health and practices. You can also get help from our online platform.

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Last reviewed at:
22 Sep 2022  -  4 min read




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