Common Medical Conditions

Varicose Veins - Causes, Prevention, Symptoms, and Treatments

Written by
Dr. Saurabh Joshi
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Oct 23, 2013 and last reviewed on Dec 15, 2018   -  1 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Do you have large and ugly looking veins in your legs? These can be treated without surgery by using Laser, and you can get back your beautiful legs.

Varicose Veins - Causes, Prevention, Symptoms, and Treatments

Varicose veins are large ugly looking veins in the legs that can cause pain, itching, skin darkening, and even skin ulceration over your feet.

What Are the Symptoms of Varicose Veins?

  • Serpent-like veins in the legs that are seen especially after standing for a long period of time.
  • Pain in the calves.
  • Skin darkening over the feet.
  • Skin ulceration.

What Are the Risk Factors for Getting Varicose Veins?

This is a very common condition affecting nearly 30 % of the population. This is especially common in people who have to stand for long periods of time, obese individuals, and those who have a positive family history for this disease.

What Causes Veins to Become Varicose?

There are two sets of veins in the feet, a superficial system, and a deep system. These veins have valves in them that prevent backflow of blood. When these valves in the superficial venous system of the leg malfunction, it causes superficial venous reflux. The blood starts pooling in the legs, and this increases venous pressure, resulting in dilated and tortuous veins.

How Is This Condition Diagnosed?

A clinical examination and venous Doppler ultrasound (to look for an incompetent saphenofemoral junction and superficial venous reflux) would be able to diagnose this condition.

How Is This Treated?

Traditionally, open surgery and stripping along with ligation of the great saphenous vein was the only treatment available, but this would be a big surgery and cause a large scar on the thigh.

New treatments like Minimally Invasive Laser Ablation of the great saphenous vein is done through a pinhole puncture in the lower thigh. These treatments are very effective in treating this condition and leaves no scar behind. This is actually a day care procedure.

What Would Happen If Varicose Veins Are Not Treated?

This condition would progressively worsen and cause the veins to become larger, the skin over the feet would darken and eventually break open causing an ulcer.

How Can I Prevent Varicose Veins?

  • Avoid prolonged standing.
  • If your job needs you to stand for long periods, wear compression stalkings.
  • Avoid sitting cross-legged for long periods.
  • Regular exercises especially walking would help.
Last reviewed at:
15 Dec 2018  -  1 min read

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Related Questions & Answers


Is VeinGogh treatment the right way to treat telangiectasia of the sclera?

Query: Dear doctor, Is it possible to use the VeinGogh treatment on the sclera of the eye to remove permanently the dilated blood vessels (telangiectasia of the sclera)?  Read Full >>


Dr. Dada Peer K
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Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. VeinGogh treatment is usually used for the treatment of varicose veins where the veins are dilated on the legs. This technique is not used for the treatment of scleral veins. The recommended way is an evaluation to find out the underlying cause and set the treatment op...  Read Full

Will varicose veins cause any complications during endoscopy?

Query: Hello doctor, I have been recently diagnosed with varicose veins in my left leg. I also have multiple heart problems which are right bundle branch block, bicuspid aortic valve, high blood pressure, and patent foramen ovale. I also have Barrett's esophagus and this week, I am going in for an endosco...  Read Full >>


Dr. Vivek Chail
General Practitioner

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read through your query in detail. Please find my observations below. I can see that your leg has developed varicose veins (attachment removed to protect patient identity). This happens due to back flow of blood into the superficial venous system of the legs. We...  Read Full

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