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Learn More About GAD: What Is Generalized Anxiety Disorder

Author: Dr. Vasantha K S - Emotional and Mental Health  

Contents


Generalized anxiety disorder is a mental illness where the persons have anxiety not just to particular situations but nearly every activity of the day.

Symptoms

  1. Excessive worrying.
  2. Trouble falling and staying asleep.
  3. Muscle tension.
  4. Constant negative thoughts.
  5. Inability to relax or enjoy me-time.
  6. Difficulty in focusing on the task at hand.
  7. Easily startled.
  8. Low self-esteem.

Physical Signs

  • Fatigue.
  • Headache.
  • Body pain.
  • Heart pounding.
  • Tremors.
  • Nausea.
  • Giddiness.

Causes

  1. A family history of mental illness.
  2. Current stressful situations.
  3. Certain personality traits (sensitive people).
  4. Childhood abuse/ traumatic experiences.

Treatment

Psychotherapy: Some benefit from cognitive behavioral therapy where they learn how to react differently to stressful situations.

Medications: Some seek medical help for their physical signs and are treated specifically for it, commonly with anti-anxiety drugs and antidepressants.

Combination of both psychotherapy and medications are required in severe and long-standing cases.

Prevention

  1. Stress management techniques like yoga, meditation, and deep breathing help to a great extent.
  2. Including mindfulness technique to your everyday routine makes a huge difference in how you perceive the situations.
  3. Get adequate sleep.
  4. Avoid alcohol and drug abuse. Their effects are temporary and will worsen situations when the effect wears off.
  5. Get treated early. Earlier you seek help, the better the chances of recovery.

When to See a Doctor

Some amount of anxiety to new situations is normal. It is recommended to consult a mental health professional if:

  • Your worrying goes out of control and hampers daily life, work, and relationships.
  • You have irrational fears and always expect the worst.
  • Your anxiety starts affecting your physical health.
  • You consider or have started resorting to alcohol and drugs to calm yourself down.

For more information consult a psychiatrist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/psychiatrist

Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018

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