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COVID-19 - Second Wave

Published on Oct 31, 2020 and last reviewed on Jan 03, 2022   -  5 min read


The second COVID wave had alarmed us for the second time how deadly the Coronavirus could impact human lives. Let us see more about COVID waves and measures to prevent them.

COVID-19 - Second Wave


COVID-19 had indeed created a pathetic situation worldwide with its effects still extending to this point in time. But many countries are now observing a decline in fresh COVID cases with strict disease control measures and steadily increasing vaccination rates. However, the emergence of newer COVID variants and the occasional increase in cases in parts of the world cannot be ignored. Hence, a steady and fast incline in the percentage of people getting vaccinated and strict adherence to existing disease control measures is necessary until the coronavirus is eradicated from this planet.

What Is the Second Wave of COVID-19?

The second wave refers to the occurrence of any type of infection or condition that is known to be very active during the pandemic crisis. The infections might occur in a few groups of people initially. After a while, the symptoms of the disease are known to decrease. When the disease starts spreading in different parts of the world after an expected period of decline or recovery, then it is considered a second wave. Here in coronavirus, all the countries have strived hard by making attempts to overcome it. When the available resource information and medical facilities are giving a sign of a positive future, there are still a considerable degree of threats and emerging risks for COVID-19 to come back. It might cause devastating results. If an individual has developed immunity against COVID-19, this is another good news.

What Are the Causes of the Second Wave?

The most important cause of the second wave is negligence. In spite of strict rules being followed in many countries, people fail to maintain social distancing. It is sad to view people neglecting the usage of protective equipment like face masks and gloves. The importance of wearing a mask is emphasized more than the gloves because the mouth and nose can drive a direct chance of getting an infection if left unprotected. We have to take the 1918 Spanish pandemic situation as an example, where people neglected all types of protection that were available. The second wave of this viral pandemic rose during the winter season. A small decline should not create a carefree attitude in an individual.

What Are the Risk Factors of the Second Wave?

Which Countries Got Affected by the Second Wave?

Countries like India, Pakistan, France, South Korea, Tunisia, Iran, Turkey, the United States, Brazil, Mexico, Peru, France, Italy, Russia, and the UK witnessed the second wave of COVID-19 pandemic. Both mortality and morbidity rates were twice as high as the first wave. Strict international travel restrictions were imposed to prevent further spread. Hospitals were packed with COVID admissions and lack of beds became a major issue. Shortage of oxygen supply for patients with severe COVID and medicines to treat COVID added fuel to the fire.

What Were the Conditions of Hospitals in the Second Wave?

There was an increased demand for hospital beds. This also increased the necessity for health care providers. Added to this the winter season brought the fear of winter flu in several countries. Health professionals were on heavy obligations and burdens to serve the people. Many volunteers carried out the food preparations for the patient and washing the clothes. The increase in the number of cases worldwide will cause a decline in the number of volunteers.

What Are Tips for Overcoming the Second Wave of COVID-19?

The ways to overcome the second wave depends on the rules and regulations of the country. However, there are a few tips that can be followed to overcome it. They are:

What Is the Latest Advice From Doctors to Avoid or Overcome Subsequent Waves?

A study from the UK has identified that the new vaccines could become less effective because Coronavirus is traveling in a way that it could not be beaten up by any new form of therapy or vaccines. The alternated and mutated form of the virus has left many researchers confused. This is more evident from the testing of the vaccine in the UK and South Africa. The vaccine that was having a higher degree of efficiency proved poor results in South Africa. If we do not take steps to stop the rate of transmission, then there would be a drastic influence of the critical mutations.

The newly developed monoclonal antibodies are also poorly effective as the new strains of the virus are showing their play. The activity of 18 monoclonal antibodies was tested, and it was identified that the neutralizing activity of some of them was impaired. The neutralizing potential of the following monoclonal antibodies was specifically identified to be lost:

The effect of Imdevimab was considered to be beneficial as it was able to maintain the potential of neutralization. If there is a cessation in the neutralizing potential, the monoclonal antibodies might fail to succeed in the war between the virus and humans. The chase for appropriate medications will be more if the modifications of the virus continue. The goal of the healthcare industry should focus on two important aspects:

Mitigation Measures:

The mitigation measures help in preventing or reducing the adverse effects of COVID-19. These measures include all those sanitation and hygiene measures. The social health security aspects will be under the responsibility of the Government. In addition to this, we have to follow all the possible measures for keeping ourselves clean. The general rule of mitigation measure regarding COVID-19 is using a face mask, getting vaccinated, and following social distancing.


When the intensity of the mutation is controlled in an ideal way, we can achieve a sense of successful result from the vaccine. Initially, it was said that a 28 days time interval was sufficient between the first and the second dose. It has been estimated that a time period of six to eight days after the second dosage is necessary for complete immunity to develop. Within this time, the traveling of the virus in a mutated path should be avoided. Strict control in the transmission for at least six weeks can provide an overall fruitful result.

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Last reviewed at:
03 Jan 2022  -  5 min read




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