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COVID-19 - Second Wave

Published on Oct 31, 2020 and last reviewed on Mar 26, 2021   -  5 min read

Abstract

The second wave of COVID-19 is a red flag. Read more to know about the precautionary measures.

Contents
COVID-19 - Second Wave

Overview: COVID-19 has resulted in pathetic conditions throughout the year. We have still not found a perfect solution, but most countries were successful in declining the number of cases. There are several negative outcomes that are expected in the second wave. Many protection measures have to be continued, and new methods need to be implemented.

What Is the Second Wave of COVID-19?

The second wave refers to the occurrence of any type of infection or condition that are known to be very active during the pandemic crisis. The infections might occur in a few groups of people initially. After a while, the symptoms of the disease are known to decrease. When the disease starts spreading in different parts of the world after an expected period of decline or recovery, then it is considered a second wave. Here in coronavirus, all the countries have strived hard by making attempts to overcome it. When the available resource information and medical facilities are giving a sign of a positive future, there are still a considerable degree of threats and emerging risks for COVID-19 to come back. It might cause devastating results. If an individual has developed immunity against COVID-19, this is another good news.

What Are the Causes of the Second Wave?

The most important cause of the second wave is negligence. In spite of strict rules being followed in many countries, people fail to maintain social distancing. It is sad to view people neglecting the usage of protective equipment like face-masks and gloves. The importance of wearing a mask is emphasized more than the gloves because the mouth and nose can drive a direct chance of getting an infection if left unprotected. We have to take the 1918 Spanish pandemic situation as an example, where people neglected all types of protection that were available. The second wave of this viral pandemic rose during the winter season. A small decline should not create a carefree attitude in an individual.

What Are the Risk Factors of the Second Wave?

Which Countries Are Affected by the Second Wave?

Recently, China is suffering from the arrival of new infections that are known to be very aggressive in nature. The countries surrounding the Asian continent are in a situation to confront the second wave of COVID-19. Several medical reports are recorded on new infectious diseases. There has been an increase in the prevalence of COVID-19 cases for the past two weeks in Pakistan. The overall count of the cases has recorded a case count of 330,200 in this country. There has been a sudden spark of fear that seems to have a greater impact. In France, the need for beds in intensive care units is never-ending because each day, there has been an elevation of up to one lakh cases. This has served as proof for upcoming new cases. While continuous lockdown continues in countries like India, the country is still at the risk of being susceptible to the second wave. The fear of the second wave is seen in South Korea also.

South Korea has witnessed negative impacts such as the recurrence of infections. Reports from the World Health Organisation reveal that there has been an increase in COVID-19 cases. The increased cases are noted to be approximately 1.3 million. Germany has a daily incidence of about 1000 cases every day. Italy evidenced a second wave, and they are under very strict restrictions. When COVID-19 infections are returning back, Spain is involved in the added discipline along with travel restrictions.

What Are the Conditions of Hospitals in the Second Wave?

The second wave of COVID-19 is expected to be less severe than the earlier one. But, there has been a rising demand for the availability of hospitalization beds. This also increases the necessity for health care providers. While it is a winter season in many countries, the fear of winter flu is also rising. The health professionals are on heavy obligations and burden to serve the people. Many volunteers are now carrying out the food preparations for the patient and washing of the clothes. The increase in the number of cases worldwide will cause a decline in the number of volunteers if the second wave is guaranteed. If the vaccine for COVID-19 is not available even after a long time struggle, then we would require the flu shots.

What Are Tips for Overcoming the Second Wave of COVID-19?

The ways to overcome the second wave depends on the rules and regulations of the country. However, there are a few tips that can be followed to overcome it. They are:

What Is the Latest Advice From Doctors to Avoid or Overcome the Second Wave?

A study from the UK has identified that the new vaccines could become less effective because Coronavirus is traveling in a way that it could not be beaten up by any new form of therapy or vaccines. The alternated and mutated form of the virus has left many researchers confused. This is more evident from the testing of the vaccine in the UK and South Africa. The vaccine that was having a higher degree of efficiency proved poor results in South Africa. If we do not take steps to stop the rate of transmission, then there would be a drastic influence of the critical mutations.

The newly developed monoclonal antibodies are also poorly effective as the new strains of the virus are showing their play. The activity of 18 monoclonal antibodies was tested, and it was identified that the neutralizing activity of some of them was impaired. The neutralizing potential of the following monoclonal antibodies was specifically identified to be lost:

The effect of Imdevimab was considered to be beneficial as it was able to maintain the potential of neutralization. If there is a cessation in the neutralizing potential, the monoclonal antibodies might fail to succeed in the war between the virus and humans. The chase for appropriate medications will be more if the modifications of the virus continue. The goal of the healthcare industry should focus on two important aspects:

Mitigation Measures:

The mitigation measures help in preventing or reducing the adverse effects of COVID-19. These measures include all those sanitation and hygiene measures. The social health security aspects will be under the responsibility of the Government. In addition to this, we have to follow all the possible measures for keeping ourselves clean. The general rule of mitigation measure regarding COVID-19 is using a face mask and following social distancing.

Vaccines:

When the intensity of the mutation is controlled in an ideal way, we can achieve a sense of successful result from the vaccine. Initially, it was said that a 28 days time interval was sufficient between the first and the second dose. It has been estimated that a time period of six to eight days after the second dosage is necessary for complete immunity to develop. Within this time, the traveling of the virus in a mutated path should be avoided. Strict control in the transmission for at least six weeks can provide an overall fruitful result.

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Last reviewed at:
26 Mar 2021  -  5 min read

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