Healthy Living (Wellness & Prevention)

Hand Washing Steps

Written by
Dr. K Sneha
and medically reviewed by Dr. Suneetha B S

Published on Nov 19, 2016 and last reviewed on Jul 19, 2019   -  3 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Picture depiction of the steps of hand washing to ensure clean hands

Hand Washing Steps

What is Hand Hygiene?

Hand hygiene or otherwise called hand washing is the process of cleaning hands with soap and water or hand sanitizer to remove dirt, soil, microorganisms, and other impurities. Dirty hands are the main mode of transportation of many contagious diseases, so it is essential to maintain good hand hygiene to prevent the spread of such diseases. Washing your hands properly can even prevent the spread of bacteria that are resistant to antibiotics.

Picture depiction of Hand Washing Steps

HAND WASHING STEPS

What are the Indications for Hand Hygiene?

It is important to wash your hand in the following situations:

  • Visibly soiled hands.
  • After reaching home from outside.
  • Before and after eating or preparing food.
  • While inserting or removing contact lenses.
  • After using the toilet.
  • After coughing or sneezing or blowing your nose.
  • After throwing garbage.

Know When to Wash Your Hands

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What are the Different Hand Hygiene Methods?

  1. Routine and Antiseptic Handwash - In this method, normal soap or antimicrobial agents like chlorhexidine, iodine, iodophors, chloroxylenol, and triclosan are used.
  2. Antiseptic Handrub - These are alcohol-based handwashes that can be used without water.
  3. Surgical Antisepsis - In this method, water and antimicrobial agents like chlorhexidine or water and non-antimicrobial agent followed by an alcohol-based surgical hand-scrub are used.

What are the Hand Washing Steps?

The entire process should take 40 to 60 seconds. The steps are as follows:

  • Wet your hands with water.
  • Take enough soap to cover all the surfaces of the hand.
  • Rub your palms together.
  • Place your right palm over the dorsum of your left palm with the fingers interlaced and rub them. Do the same with the left palm over the dorsum of the right palm.
  • Rub your palms together with your fingers interlaced.
  • Rub the back of your fingers to the opposite palm while keeping your fingers interlaced.
  • Clasp the opposite thumb with the other hand and rub in a rotational direction.
  • Rinse off your hands under water.
  • Dry your hands with a towel.
  • Use the towel to turn off the tap.

How to Use Antiseptic Handrub?

It takes about 20 to 30 seconds to disinfect your hand using an antiseptic hand rub. The following are the seven steps of hand washing:

  • Take a palmful of the product while keeping your hand cupped, and spread the product to cover all the surfaces.
  • Rub your palms together.
  • Place your right palm over the dorsum of your left palm with the fingers interlaced and rub them. Do the same with the left palm over the dorsum of the right palm.
  • Rub your palms together with your fingers interlaced.
  • Rub the back of your fingers to the opposite palm while keeping your fingers interlaced.
  • Clasp the opposite thumb with the other hand and rub in a rotational direction.
  • Wait till your hands are dry.

Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Settings

  • Before and after touching a patient.
  • Before and after a surgical procedure.
  • After touching patients surroundings.
  • After exposure to any body fluids.

Surgical Hand Washing Time and Procedure

The process of cleaning and scrubbing the hands and forearm before surgery is called surgical hand scrubbing. It reduces the incidence of operative wound infections. This takes about 2 to 6 minutes.

The steps involved are:

  • Remove rings, watches, bracelets, and bangles.
  • Debris from under the fingernails should be removed using a nail cleaner under running water.
  • The hands and forearm are then wet under running water.
  • Then the hands and forearm are scrubbed using a scrubber and antimicrobial agent.
  • Dry your hands using a sterile towel.
  • After this, sterile gloves and gowns are worn.

It is recommended to wash your hands frequently with soap and water. You need to rub your hands together with the foam for at least 20 seconds. Encourage your kids to wash their hands frequently and properly. To keep them interested, you can tell them to scrub and wash their hands until they sing the “Happy Birthday” song twice. In situations where you cannot find a sink or running water, keep alcohol-based sanitizers handy. Hand sanitizers might not help if your hands are visibly soiled, but it can be used as a temporary solution. Washing your hands frequently protects you from many contagious infections, so wash your hands and stay healthy!

Last reviewed at:
19 Jul 2019  -  3 min read

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