Infectious Diseases

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Infections

Written by
Dr. Sirisha
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Sep 29, 2014 and last reviewed on Dec 10, 2018   -  2 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Mosquito-borne infections are on the rise now. One should know how to prevent it and understand the symptoms. This article helps you in this and also with ideas to manage mosquito-borne infections.

Preventing Mosquito-Borne Infections

The rains bring along many different mosquitoes. The most effective way to avoid dengue and other mosquito-borne infections is to prevent mosquito bites. One should be aware of the premonitory symptoms and when to consult a doctor, if in doubt.

Prevention of Infection:

1) Protect Yourself:

  • Use mosquito repellents and mosquito nets liberally.
  • Wear clothing that protects you from bites, like full sleeved clothes, pants, etc.
  • Try to avoid morning mosquito bites, especially children in school buses or at school are highly prone to morning mosquito bites. Seek the help of the teachers if required.
  • Avoid dark places, since good ventilation prevents mosquitoes.

2) Protect Your Surroundings:

  • Use door and window screens or nets.
  • Drain stagnant water in the surrounding areas, which is a good source of mosquito growth.
  • . Wash the water holding containers or tanks at least once a week to remove mosquito eggs.
  • Cover the water storage tanks or containers with a lid.

Consult a doctor, if you have any of these symptoms:

  1. Fever.
  2. Headache.
  3. Pain behind the eyes.
  4. Body pain.
  5. Nausea and vomiting.
  6. Rashes all over the body.
  7. Bleeding from nose or gums or stools or any other site.

The warning signs of dengue develop even when fever gets reduced. Go to an Emergency Room Immediately if you are/have:

  1. Dull or drowsy or not responding normally.
  2. Severe abdominal pain.
  3. Persistent vomiting.
  4. Small red rash on the skin (bleeding under the skin).
  5. Bleeding from the nose or gums.
  6. Blood in stools.
  7. Cold palms and soles.
  8. Breathing difficulty.

Treatment:

There is no medicine yet to treat dengue. Only the symptoms are treated.

1) In mild cases - prefer home treatment which involves three steps,

  • Rest.
  • Drink plenty of fluids like water, juices, soups or ORS (Oral Rehydration Salts) to prevent dehydration.
  • Take tablet Paracetamol to control fever.

2) In severe infection - hospitalization is required.

  • Intravenous (IV) fluids to treat dehydration.
  • Antibiotics as prescribed by the treating doctor.
  • The average duration of fever is 5 to 10 days. Control the fever with tablet Paracetamol and other symptomatic treatment.

In Case you are Diagnosed with Dengue/Mosquito-Borne Infection:

Mosquitoes become infected when they bite you and could pass the virus to other family members. So, protect yourself from mosquito bites and follow all precautions described above. Due to repeated infected mosquito bites, mild dengue can become severe at times.

A pregnant woman with infection may infect her unborn or newborn baby at birth. The effects of dengue virus infection on babies include death or low birth weight or premature birth. The first two weeks of life are crucial for the newborn baby, as symptoms might develop anytime during this period. Babies below 1 year of life are at increased risk of any infection and severity of the disease will be more as immunity is less. Use extra protection, fully covered clothing, mosquito nets for cribs, strollers, etc.

Prevention is Better Than Cure!!!

Ask a doctor online if you have specific questions regarding mosquito bites. -----> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online

Last reviewed at:
10 Dec 2018  -  2 min read

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