Published on Jul 18, 2018 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018 - 2 min read
Chronic kidney disease, also known as chronic renal disease is a slow and progressive loss of renal function. This article talks about the signs, symptoms, and risk associated with the condition as well as the causes and complications including end-stage renal disease.
Kidneys are organs whose primary function is to filter waste and excess fluids from the blood. In chronic kidney disease, there is a gradual loss of function, and so, there is an accumulation of fluid and waste in the body. In very severe cases, the build-up can reach dangerous levels. But, initially, there are no to few symptoms felt by the patient. This is a bad thing as many do not realize they have a problem until kidney function has deteriorated to a great extent.
Signs and Symptoms
In a span of 10 to 15 years, CKD can progress to kidney failure or end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Usually, kidneys are highly adaptable organs and make up their loss of function by various compensatory mechanisms. That is the reason there are no obvious symptoms initially. Later, as they fail, there is a need for an artificial filtering process known as dialysis or in some cases, a renal transplant may be required for survival. In both cases, the chance of success is good.
While without treatment, the survival rate is only a few months, with recent advancements and treatment modalities, the life expectancy goes up to many years.
There is no permanent cure for CKD, but the treatment focuses on making lifestyle changes.
For more information consult a chronic kidney disease specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/nephrologist/chronic-kidney-disease
Query: Hi doctor, My mother is suffering from chronic kidney disease, and her creatinine level is 9.8 mg/dL. She has a history of diabetes for the past 25 years. She is taking Insulin from the beginning. She has hypertension for the past 35 years. Her hemoglobin is about 11.0 gm/dL. Her eyesight has been ... Read Full >>
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have reviewed your query. There are specific indications for dialysis in patients with chronic kidney disease. They include low creatinine clearance, high potassium, patient becoming acidotic, symptoms of uremia (increased urea in the blood), loss of appetite, urem... Read Full
Query: Hello doctor, If a person with chronic kidney disease with a creatinine of 1.9 and a GFR of 40 receives Toradol 60 mg IM as a single dose, can that lead to acute renal failure? How soon would failure occur after the administration of the medication? Read Full >>
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Toradol contains Ketorolac. It is known to cause worsening of kidney functions. But usually what is seen is that, it is the administration for a longer duration which causes the increased probability of renal failure and not a single dose. A famous study reveals that keto... Read Full
Query: Hi doctor, I am 40 years old, and my weight is 97 kilograms. I am a diabetic patient, and my A1C test showed a result of 9 %. I am taking Sitaglu Met 500 mg. It has not helped me. When I take it, within five minutes, my sugar level gets increased to 250 mg/dL and comes down again to 180 mg/dL or 19... Read Full >>
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Please verify the dose of Sitaglu Met. It is a combination medication. It has two medicines Sitagliptin and Metformin. Please mention whether you take 50 mg/500 mg or 50 mg/1000 mg dose. Please send a picture of it. Medication alone cannot control diabetes. Determining ... Read Full
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