Published on Jan 09, 2017 and last reviewed on Mar 22, 2019 - 6 min read
This article is all about your health and risk factors for major diseases that cause a reduction to the healthy years of human life. Everyone can spend a life, free of preventable diseases.
I would like to start with a very famous quote of George Burns (1896-1996) "Death is not popular, it is not good for the complexion, and it leaves you with too much time on your hands".
Do you know how many diseases are there to cause the trouble for humanity today?
Yes, there are more than 100,000 diseases on earth to cause the status change from alive-to-death when they get into action for someone, somewhere. If we shortlist these disorders, we are left with the most common and dangerous causes of death. Heart diseases, cancer and stroke are the most notorious ones amongst all of them.
Top Most Causes Of Human Death:
Following are the top 10 killers of humanity, listed in the decreasing order of the number of deaths caused by them.
So, can we live longer lives by defending ourselves against these top ten killers?
Yes, we can. It is our choice to live a healthier and disease free, quality lives. If something is not in our mind, our eyes are unable to see and avoid that. In modern life, we are all so busy that we never remember how fast the speed of time is. We are unable to keep pace with time and keep a check on diseases that we are ignorant about. Some are unpreventable risks like genetics, etc. But many are the preventable risks that we all should know about.
1. Heart Disease:
The number one killer i.e, the heart disease has the following associated major risk factors: Hypertension (high blood pressure), deranged lipid profile (high cholesterol levels), sedentary lifestyle and lack of physical activity, tobacco consumption, substandard diet plans, age of the person and gender.
What cancer actually is? Every cell in human body divides and multiplies, but in a controlled fashion and under a very tight genetic control of the body on DNA and human genome. If due to some reason there is a damage to the human genome (DNA), it may cause cancer. Our body has a mechanism of repairing the damages caused to the normal body cells, but no way to repair the DNA damages in the cancer cells.
Some people get the genetic mutations unfortunately from their parents. But most of us unwisely welcome cancer mutations through our poor lifestyles.
The major risk factors for cancer are: High BMI (higher weight than recommended for age and height), tobacco combustion, lack of exercise, lack of addition of fruits, salads and vegetables in regular diet, fatty food consumption including fried, junk and fast foods, more than one alcoholic beverage a day (medical science recommends drinking no alcohol at all), age and family history.
Brain loses the blood supply and if not life threatening and serious, at least it may cause you become permanently disabled due to irreversible damages caused to the brain tissues.
Major risk factors for stroke:Hypertension, deranged lipid profile, tobacco consumption, no physical activity, substandard diet, age of the person- risk of the stroke becomes two folds for every 10 years added to life after 50s, stroke also runs in families (genetic), females on birth control pills, atrial fibrillation, heart dysfunction/failure, alcohol consumption, history of heart disorders or stroke in the past, females get more than men, Africans are at more risk than the rest of the world.
Major alarming signs/symptoms of the stroke:
4. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD):
Your lungs are badly damaged and the major risk factors are tobacco combustion (accounts for almost all cases of COPD). Other causes include environmental pollution, respiratory infections in past life and occupational exposure hazards from industries.
Genetic causes - a small portion of cases can be from genetic deficiency of alpha 1 antitrypsin.
Road traffic accidents are the single most common preventable cause of death all over the world.
Major risk factors for accidents: Age, alcohol consumption and illicit drug use, sedentary lifestyle, body coordination issues, physical disabilities like that of vision or hearing, not abiding by the state laws when on road, no usage of seat belts, rough driving on weather hazardous roads, fatigue and driving mixed together, bad lighting due to fog or motor vehicles having issues with their lighting and people taking depressant psychiatric medications.
6. Diabetes Mellitus (DM):
Diabetes is a debilitating and silent, slow killer. It is either due to the total loss of insulin production by the body (Type I DM) or due to partial loss of insulin production and insensitivity of the insulin receptors on the peripheral receptors (Type II DM).
Major risk factors for getting diabetes mellitus are: Heart and brain disorders like strokes, kidney diseases, high blood pressure, obesity, family history, no physical activity, low good cholesterol (HDL), high bad cholesterol (LDL), abnormally high triglyceride levels, vascular disease history, gestational diabetes when pregnant, mothers delivering babies weighing greater than nine pounds and age above 40-45 years.
Bad effects of diabetes on human body:
The top respiratory illnesses of the human history. Pneumonia is an infectious disease where bacteria, virus or other pathogens may cause inflammation of the lungs. It attacks the people with compromised immune systems (young, elderly, people with other diseases that have already lowered the body's immunity to diseases).
The major risk factors for influenza and pneumonia: Tobacco consumption, extremes of age, lowered immunity (organ transplantation, cancers, AIDS and other STDs), chronic illnesses (heart diseases, liver diseases, diabetes, lung diseases, cancers etc), blood disorders like sickle cell anemia, surgically removed spleen (splenectomy), lack of exercise and lowered body's resistance to diseases.
8. Alzheimer's Disease (AD):
Brain disorder that has an insidious onset and impairs memory and intellectual abilities of the patient.
Risk factors for Alzheimer's disease: Over the age of sixty, genetics (it runs in families), head injury in the past that may have caused brain trauma, gender - Alzheimer is more prevalent in females than males, Down syndrome (the early aging of Down syndrome brain), heart disease, diabetes mellitus, diet deficient in Omega-3 fatty acids and high in omega-6 fatty acids. Lack of antioxidant foods, dry fruits, vegetables and salads in diet, high BMI, sedentary lifestyle, large amounts of saturated fats in food, hypertension and deranged lipid profile.
9. Kidney Disorders:
Whole of our bodily functions to run normally need healthy kidneys. It is very important to take care of our diet and habits so as to save the kidneys from diseases. Western diet is a major load on the kidneys by making the fixed acids that overwhelm the kidney's excretory systems and damage them.
Major risk factors for the kidney disease: Diabetes and hypertension, high cholesterol, fluid and electrolyte imbalances, hormonal imbalances, mineral imbalance in body, bone disorders and heart diseases that compromise the blood supply of the kidneys.
Anywhere in the body, start as a local infection by the pathogens mainly bacteria, then spreading to the bloodstream and causing its devastating effects on the whole body, it is all we call septicemia.
Major risk factors for septicemia: Extremes of ages (young and older people), immune system weakness, burns, physical trauma and wounds, abscess and cellulitis, intravenous catheterizations like central venous line for parenteral nutrition in hospitalized patients, urinary tract catheters, abdominal drains, chest tubes, unvaccinated individuals are at greater risk, hospitalized patients, organ transplant patients on chemotherapy for cancer treatments.
Proper diet and healthy lifestyle is the key to disease free life. You should regularly consult your physician to identify the risk factors for them even before they start damaging your body. For health and wellness, consult an internal medicine physician online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/internal-medicine-physician
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