Orthopedic Health

Osteoarthritis, a Degenerative Joint Disorder

Written by
Dr. Akshay Kumar Saxena
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Apr 22, 2015 and last reviewed on Nov 07, 2019   -  1 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disorder mainly of geriatric age group which leads to disabling joint pain and limitation of ambulation. Many treatment modalities are available but a decision regarding that depends upon the age of patient and stage of the disorder

Osteoarthritis, a Degenerative Joint Disorder
  • Arthritis is a term which denotes inflammation of joint leading to pain, swelling and limitation of joint movement.
  • Osteoarthritis (OA) is a degenerative joint disorder which mainly affects geriatric age group causing immense discomfort in the form of pain with limitation of ambulation.
  • The bone ends forming the joint are covered by a cartilage called as articular cartilage. There is also fluid in the joint cavity referred to as synovial fluid. All this leads to good lubrication and thus smooth gliding of bones within joint space.
  • With increasing age the characteristics of the synovial fluid change and there is attending loss of articular cartilage.
  • All this leads to inflammation within joint space thus causing pain which in turn limits a person's walking capability.
  • Most common joint involvement in OA is knee but hips are also involved.
  • Orthopaedic surgeon will examine the patient clinically and ask for specific x-rays to look for loss of joint space, osteophyte formation, sclerosis under the subchondral bone etc.

Management of Osteoarthritis:

  • Maintain an active lifestyle in the form of morning walks.
  • A short course of anti-inflammatory medications can be tried but that depends upon your other co-morbid conditions (never take pain killers indiscriminately and never without advice of your attending orthopaedic surgeon).
  • Intensive physical therapy initially under supervision of a trained physiotherapist.
  • Medications including I/A (intra-articular) injections and other oral medications depending upon your examination findings.
  • Maintaining adequate calcium and vitamin D metabolism is also important.
  • Surgical treatment is by osteotomies and joint replacement surgery, if other alternatives have failed.

Consult an orthopaedician and traumatologist online for queries regarding pain in the joints --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/orthopaedician-and-traumatologist

Last reviewed at:
07 Nov 2019  -  1 min read

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Related Questions & Answers


I have pain in my knee. Is it because of osteoarthritis?

Query: Hello doctor, I have pain in the right knee for two months. While using a staircase, it used to pain initially whenever I starting walking or running. The pain is exactly on the front side of the knee and just below the left side of the kneecap. I started jogging a year back and continued for six m...  Read Full >>


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Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your X-rays are normal for age (attachment removed to protect patient identity). What you describe is patellofemoral compression syndrome and weight gain, wrong exercises, jogging on an incline, poor shoe wear, open chain exercise like squats, knee rolls have a role ...  Read Full

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