This is a patient information article on wear and tear in knee joint. It gives information regarding understanding of osteoarthritis of knee its causes, prevention and methods of treatment available.
Osteoarthritis can affect any joint in the body. It is like wear and tear which develops over many years. It is common in people over 50 years of age, particularly in women. Both knees need not to be affected at the same time.
The cartilage gradually roughens and becomes thin exposing the underlying bone. The wear is more common on the inner side of the knee.
(Develops slowly over several years)
The pain in osteoarthritis is very sharp. Movements of the joints can aggravate the painful condition. Some patients experience swelling. You have to consult your doctor immediately if the pain persists for a long time.
Walking is advised for osteoarthritis patients only if they are not obese. Otherwise, the patient is asked to take rest so that they do not strain. Excessive walking can increase the load on the knees and can aggravate the pain.
Heat therapy can help in lubricating the joints and relaxing the muscles. It is also helpful in relieving the stiffness of the joints. The joints get warmed up to ease the spams of the muscle. On the application of cold, the swelling and inflammation will be reduced. The pain associated with arthritis is reduced.
You can lubricate the knees with the help of heat therapy. In addition to this, wax therapy treatment can be performed by physiotherapists so that the joints slowly improve on lubrication. This method requires professional help, and you need to consult your doctor.
The following exercises should be avoided by osteoarthritis of the knee.
- Repetitive jumping.
- Continuous running.
- Running upstairs.
- Deep lunging.
- High-impact sports.
There are no age specifications for knee replacement surgery. The surgery is planned based on the severity of the condition and not the age. Most of the patients who undergo knee replacement surgery are more than 50 years of age.
You will need a replacement of the knee if you are experiencing the following symptoms.
- Knee ache immediately after performing the exercises.
- Analgesics do not give any relief.
- Difficulty in moving the legs.
- Prolonged pain in the knees.
Surgeries can create anxiousness in some people. This will make them delay the surgery. But, this is not advisable because delaying the surgery will make the osteoarthritis condition worse. There will be severe inflammation and damage seen in the joints.
The patient will be asked to stay in the hospital for a duration of four or five days. In advanced knee replacement surgery methods, the patient can be discharged on the same day of the treatment. A follow-up visit should be made after one week.
You cannot walk immediately after a knee replacement surgery. It is necessary to take rest for three to four weeks after the surgery. After this resting period, the patient can start doing minimal activities and gradually return to their daily routine.
You can kneel down after a knee replacement surgery if it does not cause you any feel. Many people report that they experience discomfort during bending and kneeling. In such cases, it is necessary to avoid the activities that would enhance the pain for you.
Yes, you can reverse osteoarthritis if the treatment is formulated well. The medications that are helpful in reversing the condition of osteoarthritis are:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
It is very difficult to cure osteoarthritis of the knee. But the condition of osteoarthritis can be prevented from further injury by restricting the movements and doing normal physical exercises. You should consult your doctor immediately to know about the various treatment options for your condition.
Knee replacement can be a difficult procedure. The surgery could last for more than three hours. After the surgery, the pain can gain more mobility of the knees. But, the presence of scar tissue can make the bending movements difficult.
The diagnosis of osteoarthritis requires the following procedures.
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
- Joint fluid analysis.
- Blood tests
The treatment for osteoarthritis might involve the following procedures.
- Analgesics and anti-inflammatory agents are suggested to relieve pain.
- Mild exercises and physiotherapy can help.
- Acupuncture is the best alternative treatment option.
- Surgical procedures are recommended for complicated conditions.
Last reviewed at:
31 Mar 2021 - 1 min read
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