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Dermatologists and Skin Care

Acne - Causes, Types, Home Remedies and Treatment Strategy

Written by Dr. Archana.  

Image: Acne - Causes, Types, Home Remedies and Treatment Strategy

Acne is a very common skin condition. It commonly starts during puberty but can occur at any age. Although it is not a dangerous condition, acne can leave scars on the skin. Acne appears in different parts of the body like face, chest, and back. Acne affects almost all teenagers in different severity.

Often, patients also have contributing factors like:

  1. Heredity.
  2. Stress.
  3. Drugs.
  4. Occupations.
  5. Cosmetics.

Common Sites of Acne

  • Forehead.
  • Between the brows.
  • Cheeks.
  • Chin.

Types of Acne

  1. Whiteheads.
  2. Blackheads.
  3. Papules.
  4. Pustules.
  5. Nodules.
  6. Cysts.

Conditions Related to Acne

  • Rosacea.
  • Pseudofolliculitis.
  • Folliculitis.
  • Gram-negative folliculitis.

Causes of Acne

The sebaceous glands produce an oily liquid called sebum. Dead skin cells are carried by the sebum through the follicles to the surface of the skin. When the follicles get blocked, pimples will grow under the skin where oil build up is present.

The Other Causes of Acne Are

  1. Medication that includes Androgen and Lithium.
  2. Stress.
  3. Menstruation.

Some facts about acne:

  • Acne is one of the most common skin diseases.
  • In people aged 11 to 30 years, the ratio of this disease is 3:4.
  • Risk factors include oil-based makeup, squeezing pimples, weather, genetics, menstrual cycle, and hormonal factors.

How Can People Get Rid of Their Acne?

  1. Lifestyle.
  2. Open the pores.
  3. Cleansing and skin care.
  4. Reducing bacteria.
  5. Reduce the oil.
  6. Cosmetics.
  7. Facials.
  8. Pore strips.
  9. Toothpaste.
  10. Vinegar.

What Can Lead to Acne?

- If your face breaks out near the edges, it means that your beauty products are blocking your pores.

- If the cheeks breakout, you are eating too much of sugar.

- If there is a flare up in the forehead area, it is due to a liver issue, stress, or sleep deprivation.

- If there are bumps on T-zone, it means your face is producing too much oil.

How to Treat Acne?

Mild Acne

  1. Resorcinol: Help break down blackheads and whiteheads.
  2. Benzoyl peroxide: Kill bacteria, accelerate the replacement of skin and slow down sebum production.
  3. Salicylic acid: It helps to reduce swelling and inflammation.
  4. Sulfur: It is unknown how exactly it works.
  5. Retin-A: Helps unclog the pores through increased cell turnover.
  6. Azelaic acid: Stops sebum eruptions, makes cells stronger, and curbs the growth of bacteria.

Moderate Acne

  1. Corticosteroid injection.
  2. Oral antibiotics.
  3. Oral contraceptives.
  4. Topical antimicrobials.
  5. Isotretinoin.

Prevention and Home Management Tips

  1. Wash your face twice a day with warm water.
  2. Do not scrub the pimples with a face scrub, turmeric powder, etc.
  3. Do not pop the pimples.
  4. Wash your hands before touching your face and applying creams.
  5. Rinse bath towels and pillowcases frequently.
  6. Avoid anxiety and stress.
  7. Avoid oily food. Eat more of greens.
  8. Avoid sun exposure.

For more information consult an acne specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/dermatologist/acne

Last reviewed at: 28.Dec.2018

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