Acne is a skin condition that is usually seen when the hair follicles in the skin get clogged. Each and every pore gets opened to a follicle. A follicle constitutes hair and an oil gland. The oil released by the gland softens the skin and helps remove old skin cells. When the glands become clogged by a mixture of oil and skin cells. The clogged part is known as a plug. When the top part of the plug is white and known as a whitehead. If the top part is black, then the plug is known as a blackhead. When the bacteria gets trapped in the clogged pore, the immunity will react and cause pimples. Acne that deepens in the skin causes hard, painful cysts. Such hard and painful acne is known as nodulocystic acne. The skin needs to be taken care of properly. There are a few ways to keep the skin clean and prevent the pores from getting clogged and avoid acne. The ways consist of the daily habits of keeping the face clean by at least washing it twice a day, using a gentle facial cleanser, avoiding food that triggers acne formation, etc. When nothing of the daily habits work, then the person should visit the dermatologist. There are treatments that can be effective to treat acne but the acne can be persistent.
What Is Acne?
Acne is known as a skin condition that is usually seen when the hair follicles present in the skin get clogged. Sebum and oil keep the moisture retained and dead skin cells and can form clogged pores, which leads to the flaring up of lesions, also known as pimples or zits. Largely, the flare-ups occur on the face, yet can emerge on the back, chest, and shoulders.
Acne is an inflammatory state of the skin that has sebaceous glands linking to the hair follicle, which contains a fine hair. The sebaceous gland makes sebum drain into the skin surface through the pore. Keratinocytes line the follicles. Keratinocytes are a type of skin cell. When the body sheds skin, the keratinocytes rise to the surface of the skin. When anyone has acne, the hair, sebum, and keratinocytes create adhesion to each other inside the pore. This prevents the keratinocytes from the process of shedding and helps maintain the sebum from reaching the surface of the skin. The mix of oil and cells allow bacteria to grow in the clogged follicles and induce inflammation, swelling, redness, heat, and pain. As soon as the wall of the plugged follicle breaks down, it spills bacteria, skin cells, and sebum into the skin, which produces lesions or pimples.
Who Can Get Acne and What Are the Types of Acne?
Many people from all races and ages can get affected by acne, but it is considered common in teenagers and young adults. When acne occurs during the teenage years, it is more evident in males. Acne can persist into adulthood and at this age, it is more common in women.
Acne generates multiple types of lesions or pimples. The enlarged or clogged hair follicles are referred to as comedones. Types of acne include whiteheads, blackheads, papules, pustules or pimples, nodules, and severe nodular acne.
What Are the Causes of Acne?
Physicians and researchers consider that one or more of the following can lead to the outcome of acne which include -
Excess production of oil in the pores.
Dead skin build-up in the pore.
Bacterial growth in the pore.
The following factors may raise the risk of developing acne:
The following factors do not induce acne but may worsen it:
Pressure from tight clothing, backpacks, and helmets.
Pollution and high humidity.
Picking blemishes or squeezing them.
Scrubbing the skin harshly.
How Can Acne Be Prevented?
The following tips can be adapted to prevent acne such as:
The face should be kept clean. Even if there is no acne still it is important to wash the face twice a day, daily to remove impurities, dead skin cells, and excess oil from your skin's surface. Washing the face more often than twice daily is not essential and it may do more damage to the skin. Use lukewarm, not hot, water and a gentle facial cleanser.
Using harsh soap can hurt already inflamed skin and induce more irritation. Avoid scrubbing your skin harshly with a washcloth, or any material. It should be gently washed with a very soft cloth or hands should be used. It should be always rinsed well, and then dry the face with a clean towel. Also, use the washcloth not more than one.
Over-the-counter products for acne can be used. The products which do not need a prescription are known as over-the-counter products. Many of the ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or lactic acid, restrain bacteria and dry your skin. They may cause drying or peeling so begin with a small amount at first. Then it can be adjusted what quantity can be used and how often. Another option constitutes topical retinoid gel (Differin 0.1 % gel). It works to keep acne from developing. These products should be used with caution on sensitive skin.
If self-care remedies do not clear acne, see the primary care physician. He or she may prescribe stronger medications. If acne continues or is severe, the patient may want to seek medical treatment from a physician who specializes in the skin like a dermatologist. For numerous women, acne can last for decades, with zits and pimples common a week before menstruation. This type of acne manages to clear up without medicine in women who use contraceptives. In older adults, a sudden outset of harsh acne may signal an underlying disease demanding medical attention. If pimples run in the family, start taking good care of the skin at an early age. Stick to the prescribed treatment and do not use products that are not suggested by the dermatologist. Certain foods that can trigger acne formation may be avoided.
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