Published on Dec 29, 2018 - 5 min read
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), which is used to treat infertility. In IVF, mature eggs are retrieved from the ovaries, and these eggs are fertilized by sperms in a lab to form embryos. The embryos are then implanted in the uterus.
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a type of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART), which is used to treat infertility. In IVF, mature eggs are retrieved from the ovaries, and these eggs are fertilized by sperms in a lab to form embryos. The embryos are then implanted in the uterus. This process roughly takes about two weeks. IVF is the most successful form of ART. It can be done with your and your partner’s eggs and sperms, or by using eggs and sperms from a known or anonymous donor. Sometimes, the embryos are implanted in a surrogate (gestational carrier).The chances of having a healthy baby using IVF depend on your age and the cause of infertility. It is an invasive, expensive, and time-consuming process, with no guarantee of a successful outcome. Sometimes, it might also result in a multiple pregnancy. Talk to your doctor about the possible risks and different methods of treating your infertility. You can try less invasive methods like fertility drugs and intrauterine insemination before opting IVF.
IVF is the treatment of choice for infertility in women above 40 years of age. It can also be done in the following health conditions:
Before beginning the process, you and your partner need to undergo various screening processes. These tests include ovarian reserve test, semen analysis, screening for infectious diseases, mock embryo transfer, and examination of the uterine cavity.
There are basically five steps involved in IVF, which are Stimulation, Egg retrieval, Fertilization, Embryo culture, Embryo transfer.
1. Stimulation: It is also called superovulation. If you have decided to use your own eggs for the process, then you will be given synthetic hormones to stimulate your ovaries to produce multiple ova (eggs). You will be prescribed various medicines for:
2. Egg Retrieval: It is also called follicular aspiration. It is a surgical procedure that is done under anesthesia, where the doctor with the help of ultrasound, will guide a needle through your vagina into the ovary. This needle will suction eggs and fluid from each egg-containing follicle. Multiple eggs are collected within 20 minutes. The mature eggs are then placed in a culture medium and incubated.
3. Fertilization: It is the process of fertilizing the collected eggs with sperms to form embryos. It can be done using two methods:
4. Embryo Culture:The fertilized eggs are monitored to ensure development. The embryos might be tested for genetic conditions at this stage.
5. Embryo Transfer:The embryos are transferred back into your uterus after two to six days of egg collection. It usually is a painless procedure and done under mild sedation. The doctor will place the embryo using a catheter.If the process is successful, the embryo or embryos will get implanted in your uterus. This entire process takes about 6 to 10 days.
The risks associated with IVF are as follows:
After the process, you might have the following side effects:
The success rate of IVF treatment can be either calculated by the number of women who got pregnant, called the pregnancy rate, or the number of women who gave birth to a live baby, called live birth rate.
The pregnancy rate in the United States is:
And the live birth rate is:
Deciding when and how to undergo IVF treatment again after a failed attempt can be a tough and stressful situation. Talk to your doctor about the various options and the best way for you to conceive.
Query: Hello doctor, I am a 45 year old male, and my wife is 26 years. We have been trying to have a baby for the past seven years. I had a sperm analysis in 2011. My count was 68 m, all the parameters were good except the presence of Proteus spp. bacteria. The doctor injected me with gentamycin once, and... Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor,The semen analysis report is in my hand, but I cannot understand it.Liquefaction time- 30 minutes.Duration of abstinence- four days.Appearance- creamy white.Volume 4.0 ml.Ph 8Fructose- Present.Motility- 100.Spermatozoa- rapid 20%, slow 10%, non-progressive motility 5%, immotile 83%.Vita... Read Full »
Query: Hello doctor,Good day. My wife and I are trying to conceive and one of the tests done was a semen analysis test for me. I picked the results up from the lab, but I would not be able to see my doctor till a couple of days because of work. I am anxious and I would love an interpretation. I have attach... Read Full »
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