Aortic Stenosis

Narrowing of the aortic valve of the heart is called aortic stenosis, which results in reduced blood flow from the heart to the rest of the body. As the heart has to pump harder to supply blood, it causes symptoms like heart murmur, chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath, heart palpitations, and fatigue.

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Why is there raised blood pressure in an 18-year-old?

Query: Hello doctor, Age: 18 years Gender: male Off late experiencing high blood pressure ranging from (160 by 97 to 150 BY 95) and some isolated readings 120 by 83 and 130 by 90. But the consistent readings are on the higher side. Echocardiogram is normal. And so is ECG. Few months back thyroid was als...  Read Full »

Dr. Vivek Pillai


Answer: Hi, Welocme to You seem to be having labile hypertension, at your age it is not common to have a high blood pressure as in the 160's or 150's as you have noted. The one cause that needs to be investigated is kidney disease, therefore it is important to get blood tests pertinent to kid...  Read Full »

What is the possible diagnosis of symptoms such as lightheadedness, chest pain and shortness of breath?

Query: Hello doctor, A 56-year-old patient went to his physician for evaluation of recurrent episodes of lightheadedness, chest pain, and shortness of breath with exertion. One week earlier, he experienced an episode of syncope while walking up the stairs of his house. Vitals: Heart rate - 116 bpm, BP ...  Read Full »

Dr. Penchala Prasad Kandikattu

General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Did he lose consciousness while walking upstairs? Is he a diabetic? His cholesterol report seems abnormal, along with hypertension and uncontrolled blood pressure. His color Doppler report showing aortic stenosis. Possible diagnosis is age-related atherosclerosis with ...  Read Full »

What is the treatment for breathing trouble due to calcification of aortic valve?

Query: Hello doctor, I was hospitalized in January in India for two days and then in Nigeria (I live here) for dry cough, a bit of breathing trouble, and pneumonia. X-ray of the lungs was clear and also had a bit of difficulty in breathing. However, they treated me for community acquired pneumonia and mala...  Read Full »

Dr. Amiya Kumar Chattopadhyay


Answer: Hi, Welcome to You had breathing difficulty, altered consciousness, allergic condition and you were admitted for that. Now you have slight difficulty in breathing. I have gone through all your reports. (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Not to worry. You have a calcifie...  Read Full »

I get palpitations with Holter showing maximum heart rate of 190. Please help.

Query: Hello doctor, I am 25 years old. I have palpitations for the past three months. No anemia, TFT is normal, MRI abdomen and chest are normal. Echo shows atherosclerotic aortic valve with ejection fraction 60%. Holter shows minimum HR-120 and maximum HR-190. I have associated fatigue at times, tremo...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad M. Hanif Md.

Cardiologist, Criticalcare Physician, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello doctor, I have thoroughly gone through your case and can well understand your genuine concerns. First of all, you have a high BMI (body mass index). Try to reduce the weight as you know it is high for this age and height. Ejection fraction of 60% shows you have aortic stenosis due to scleros...  Read Full »

What are the risks in repeated open heart surgery?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 32 year old male weighing 60 kg and my height is 5'9". I had undergone open heart surgery 7 years back for aortic stenosis valve replacement. One day my eye got swollen and felt some dizziness. So, I went to the doctor for checkup. He told me that I had calcium deposit on aortic va...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad M. Hanif Md.

Cardiologist, Criticalcare Physician, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have thoroughly gone through your case and can well understand your genuine health concerns. Transthoracic aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is usually considered as a good choice for patients who are not a good candidate for open heart surgery. It is a good alterna...  Read Full »

Is it necessary to take medicines for tricuspid regurgitation and aortic stenosis separately?

Query: Hello doctor,My wife aged 72, weight 65 kg, is a diabetic type 2 for the past six years, hypertensive for the past two years, is suffering from moderate tricuspid regurgitation, aortic valve sclerosis, and pulmonary hypertension for the past two years. Her systolic function is good and there is no d...  Read Full »

Dr. Amiya Kumar Chattopadhyay


Answer: Hi, Welcome to On the face of diabetes and hypertension with raised cholesterol and LDL, I suggest you add tablet Rosuvas (Rosuvastatin) one tablet daily after dinner. Consult your doctor. I think the dose of anti-diabetes medicine could be adjusted to reduce his blood sugar level to ...  Read Full »

Does maternal vaccine cause aortic stenosis in baby?

Query: Dear doctor, I was two months pregnant when I got vaccines to complete my citizenship status (immigration). My son was born with aortic stenosis. Is this because of the vaccine?  Read Full »

Dr. Babu Lal Meena

Child Health Specialist, Family Physician, General Practitioner, Medical Gastroenterologist, Paediatrician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Could you provide more information: What vaccines have you received? What was the content of the vaccine? Did you suffer from any infection during your pregnancy? Did you have any disease during pregnancy and receive any medication for that? Any family history of...  Read Full »

Can my height and weight play a role in aortic regurgitation?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 57 years old. I had a recent echocardiogram to monitor my moderate aortic regurgitation and mildly dilated aortic root and ascending aorta of 41 mm. Both remained stable. My rest echo report indicated the following: Normal left ventricular size. Overall low normal systol...  Read Full »

Dr. Ritendra Nath Talapatra


Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have evaluated your echo report. In your case, the echo clearly shows that AR (atrial regurgitation) is due to a localized prolapse of the anterior half of RCC (right coronary cusp). So it is not due to coaptation failure. By general rule, tallness has nothing to...  Read Full »

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