Bronchiectasis is a condition arising from persisting inflammation inside the lungs. The airways that take the air into the lungs are called bronchi. With repeated inflammation and scarring, the inner walls of the bronchi suffer damage and they lose the ability to push the mucus out. The mucus stays coated inside the airways and makes breathing difficult.

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I feel sudden chest discomfort and breathlessness. Please help.

Query: Hi doctor, I am a girl of 20. My height is 167 cm and weight is 75 kg. Over the past one week, I am having high discomfort and pain in my right chest when I breathe. The pain radiates to the right shoulder and right arm too. When I sneeze or blow my nose up, the pain is severe. I cannot explain this...  Read Full »

Dr. Kartik Sood

Answer: Hi, Welcome to As you have a history of frequent chest infections in the past, which were associated with wheezing, secretions and fever as well, I would suggest you to consult a pulmonologist or a chest physician in person. Your symptom of chest pain, which increases on deep respi...  Read Full »

Is there any chance of lung cancer if there is spitting of blood with phlegm?

Query: Hello doctor,If X-ray is clear and the person is having a good appetite and no fatigue but the person is spitting up blood with phlegm not always. Sometimes the phelgm is white and sometimes black and sometimes traces of blood in phlegm. No chest pain, no shortness of breath. Is anything to worry? I...  Read Full »

Dr. Harsha D. S

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have read your issues. Coughing up blood can be a symptom of many diseases like throat or chest infection, tuberculosis, bronchiectasis (a disease where your windpipes are damaged) or lung cancer. A detailed history of complaints and your reports are needed to dete...  Read Full »

Is lung biopsy needed to diagnose bronchiectasis?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been referred to a pulmonologist based on the following CT scan report¬†for chronic cough and fatigue. Mild cylindrical bronchiectasis to the lower lung fields with evidence of bronchial wall thickening and mild dilatation. Additionally, ill defined airspace opacities of the extre...  Read Full »

Dr. Amol Kumar Wasudeorao Diwan

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Your CT scan report is suggestive of cylindrical bronchiectasis with some infective foci. Usually, the diagnosis of bronchiectasis is made on the HRCT thorax (high-resolution computed tomography) and there is no need of any lung biopsy. Bronchiectasi...  Read Full »

Can smoking cause clubbed nails?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 23 year old male, who weighs 195 lbs and I am 5.10 feet tall. All of my fingers are clubbed. My nails have become wide and thick giving them an abnormal round appearance. The skin above my cuticles is slightly raised and red. My nails do not extend straight out, but they curve d...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have seen the photo (attachment removed to protect patient identity) of your nails and fingers, and it is in fact clubbing. The cause is smoking-induced lung damage and bronchiectasis. Regarding the reversibility, we cannot be sure at this moment, as it wi...  Read Full »

My right lower lobe looks collpased and the whole right segment looks very large. Can it be bronchiectasis?

Query: Hello doctor, I want to ask if the bronchoscopy looks normal. The right lower lobe looks collpased and the right segment looks very large. I have wheezing, cough, and no sputum. I am very concerned that I have bronchiectasis.  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zubayer Alam

Answer: Hi, Welcome to According to your statement, you have a complaint of wheezing, and cough. According to your picture of bronchoscopy (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity), it seems to be normal. For confirmation, I advise you to get CXR (chest X-ray) or HRCT (high reso...  Read Full »

I have blood in cough and red pimples in neck. Is it cancer?

Query: Hello doctor,I got blood in my cough two weeks back only once and there are red pimples on my neck. I am feeling weak. I used to take tobacco one year back which I left after rehabilitation. I have read that these are symptoms of cancer.   Read Full »

Dr. Vedprakash Verma

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Do not panic. At this young stage lung cancer is unlikely, blood in sputum has multiple reasons like bronchitis, bronchiectasis, which can be treated. The red rash can be a local vasculitis or allergic cause too. Kindly do a routine blood test and chest X-ray and contac...  Read Full »

How can bronchiectasis be treated?

Query: Hello doctor, I am 31 years old. I am suffering from high BP and I am currently on medication. I have no thyroid issues, no diabetes, and normal lipids. ECG and echo both are normal. But, the main problem is a little breathing difficulty. The X-ray of the chest is clear normal but the HRCT of the c...  Read Full »

Dr. Chandra Shekhar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I saw your all reports (attachment removed to protect patient identity) and want to say something. Your probable diagnosis is bronchiectasis. Early bronchiectasis does not mean you are a patient of bronchiectasis. Also, you have atelectasis. So, send me a picture ...  Read Full »

I have bronchiectasis and hyperinflated lungs. What are medications to control chest pain?

Query: Hello doctor, I did ECG, TMT, and blood tests. All the reports were normal, but the ECG report says MVP with mild MR. I have had anxiety, tiredness, and atypical chest pain for the past four months. I get mucus secretion in the morning. My chest X-ray and CT scan showed mild bronchiectasis and hyper...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zubayer Alam

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Hyperinflated lungs occur due to air entrapment and cause shortness of breath, chest pain, productive cough, and exertional dyspnea. In the case of bronchiectasis, patients are more prone to develop frequent respiratory tract infections. Therefore, I suggest (consult...  Read Full »

I have mild asthma and experience shortness of breath and bronchiectasis. Should I be worried about it?

Query: Hello doctor, I experience bronchiectasis, chest pain, and shortness of breath due to mucus and phlegm. I have mild asthma and an allergy. I use a nebulizer and an inhaler and take a tablet Movex for asthma with saltwater.  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Shoyab

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I am sorry to hear about your problem, but I could not open the images you had uploaded (attachment removed to protect the patients' identity). Please upload them again. Sorry for the inconvenience. Thanks.  Read Full »

Is my dry mouth because of my girlfriend's bronchiectasis?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a relationship with a girl, and she has bronchiectasis. She recently did bronchoalveolar lavage to collect the sample from the lungs for testing. The reports were negative for infection and malignancy, but there was an acute inflammation. Is this contagious? And my dentist...  Read Full »

Dr. Sugreev Singh

Answer: Hi,Welcome to I understand your concern.Her condition is contagious. If it was due to infection, we could say it is spreadable, but if the cause was hereditary or allergic, the chances of spreading are rare.Kindly answer the following questions to help you better;1) Did you develop a dr...  Read Full »

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