Cardiomyopathy is a heart condition where the heart muscles become enlarged, thick, or rigid, making it hard for the heart to pump blood. The main types include dilated, hypertrophic, and restrictive cardiomyopathy. Breathlessness, swelling of ankles, abdominal bloating, fatigue, and rapid heartbeats are some of the common symptoms.

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What could be the cause of ventricular fibrillation?

Query: Hello doctor, My 29 year old brother had a pacemaker placed three years ago after survival from a sudden cardiac arrest. Doctors found the cause of the cardiac arrest to be a ventricular fibrillation. Last week was the first time he received a shock from his pacemaker, that is, exactly three years...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Ventricular fibrillation, the commonest cause is coronary artery disease. The other causes are dilated cardiomyopathy or low heart function. What is his ejection fraction? Low ejection fraction due to any reason like coronary artery disease or others can lead to ven...  Read Full »

Are pounding heart and skipped heartbeat signs of atrial fibrillation?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 46-year-old female. My blood pressure is low and normal. I have never had any heart issues except palpitations when pregnant 10 years ago. They did a cardiac ultrasound at that time, which was normal. Just over a week ago, I started feeling, intermittently during the day, as if...  Read Full »

Dr. Rishu Sharma

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through your detailed narration and understand your concerns. The ECG (electrocardiogram) recordings are clearly suggestive of atrial fibrillation (AF) and there is no doubt about it. The P-wave is absent and the rhythm is irregular. Both are suggestive ...  Read Full »

I have been suffering from cardiomyopathy and need an immediate heart transplant. How much is the ideal waiting period for the same?

Query: Hello doctor, I have had cardiomyopathy for three years and am 38 years old. A defibrillator has been implanted, but the doctor said I urgently need a heart transplant. I am afraid to undergo such a big procedure. Also, I need a donor's heart, and I am in waiting. How much is the ideal waiting perio...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Siddiq

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Sorry to hear about your heart transplantation need. Heart transplant waiting time varies from country to country and state to state. Mechanical circulatory support devices are transplanted as bridges and also as destination therapy if transplant is not possible in the...  Read Full »

I am attaching my dad's medical reports regarding his heart problem. Kindly advise.

Query: Hello doctor,My 65 year old father has a heart problem. I am attaching his medical reports with this message.  Read Full »

Dr. Isaac Gana

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through your dad's results (attachment removed to protect patient identity). The echo investigation indicated an evidence of diastolic dysfunction. This can be caused by cardiomyopathy, or in aged patients with diabetes or hypertension, etc. I  generally r...  Read Full »

Can you still have ARVC despite normal scan reports?

Query: Hello doctor,I am feared of having ARVC after reading about it on the internet. This is a series of phobias that started from blocked arteries, SCD, Afib, and finally into ARVC. I have done all the tests relating to the heart, such as ECG, echocardiogram, MRI, and stress test. My ECG showed an abnor...  Read Full »

Dr. Muhammad Zohaib Siddiq

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Your ECG (electrocardiogram) is normal (attachments removed to protect the patient’s identity). Regarding MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) and echocardiography, the reports are not in english. So, I will translate it and will get back to you soon. Thanks.  Read Full »

Is it advisable to give general anesthesia in cardiomyopathy?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a female, and I had a history of PVC-induced cardiomyopathy, which was cured by ablation. That was more than six years ago, after which my heart returned to normal. I have maintained good cardiac health the entire time. Eleven months ago, I very suddenly lost the hearing in my left ...  Read Full »

Dr. Ilir Sharka

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I am glad to hear from you. I passed carefully through your question and would explain that there is no reason to fear the surgery, as your cardiac ultrasound is within the normal range. I am sure that everything will be fine, as you are going to have surgery with ...  Read Full »

What is the meaning of ballerina foot?

Query: Hi doctor, I have been told that I have ballerina foot. Is this dangerous? Does it mean I have a heart disease? Or is it a common finding?  Read Full »

Dr. Vivek Pillai

Answer: Hi, Welcome to It means that you have a condition known as mitral valve prolapse. Mitral valve prolapse predisposes to mitral regurgitation that is valvular leak. So, you have to be monitored annually to see the degree of valve leak. For further information consult a cardiologist onlin...  Read Full »

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