The clear fluid present surrounding the brain and spinal cord is called cerebrospinal fluid or CSF. It protects the brain and spinal cord from infections and acts as a cushion for the brain from the hard skull. It is similar to blood plasma, except it does not have proteins.
All the answers published in this website are written by verified medical doctors, therapists and health experts. The Content has been moderated by iCliniq medical review team before publication. Post your medical clarifications on iCliniq by choosing the right specialty and get them answered. Your medical queries will be answered 24/7 by top doctors from iCliniq.
Is bilateral papilledema a serious one?
Query: Hi doctor, My wife was recently seen by an ophthalmologist for loss of peripheral vision in one eye and a feeling of something wrong with her eye, as though it were closed. Ophthalmologist diagnosed it as bilateral papilledema and referred to neurologist for immediate follow up. The ophthalmologist ... Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Please do not get panic. Papilledema is swelling of optic nerve head due to increase in intracranial pressure. This pressure may be high due to some tumor or blockage of sinuses or idiopathic (without cause). The investigations required are: Perimetry should be done ... Read Full »
Can an arachnoid cyst be cured with medicines?
Query: Hello doctor, My friend had giddiness, so he got an MRI scan. The report showed a well-defined cyst in the posterior fossa, dorsal to the cerebellum. It is an arachnoid cyst. It also states bilateral AICA lying at the level of the internal auditory canal without entering the meatus. Type 1 AICA vas... Read Full »
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. Arachnoid cyst is CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) filled cyst within the brain, which is usually asymptomatic. But if the size is large, it can cause symptoms by pressure effect. A cyst cannot be cured by medicine. If treatment is needed, it is by surgery only. Alcoho... Read Full »
Why did my doctor ask for a signature before undergoing LP?
Query: Hi doctor,My question regarding the LP test of the backbone. Why the doctors want my signature for this test? Is there any major risk or side effect in this procedure? The test showed 5 x 5 rings in the brain and rest everything is normal. There is no previous medical history other than a headache,... Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Lumbar puncture is done to collect CSF (cerebrospinal fluid, the fluid surrounding the whole brain). Possibly they will send that fluid for tests to search the reason for rings in the brain. Ring enhancing lesions in the brain can be due to many reasons like tuberc... Read Full »
How long will it take for me to recover from a lumbar puncture?
Query: Hi doctor, I had a lumbar puncture done this morning to find an opening that was 12.2 and to collect specimens with spinal fluid. The doctor told me to sit upright. She did the preparation work. Then she inserted the first needle to freeze the lumbar region. Then she inserted a second needle. I b... Read Full »
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thank you for the query. I can understand your concern. According to your statement, you had a lumbar puncture done this morning in the opening which was 12.2. I think that you want to tell about the opening pressure of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid). The initial pressure of... Read Full »
Where are my symptoms leading to?
Query: Hi doctor, My symptoms over the last four months are as follows. I sat down on my mother's bed and could not get up. I had severe pain in lower back on left side shooting down my leg. They felt like electric shocks and it lasted for a little over a week. During that time I had a lot of memory issue... Read Full »
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. These all symptoms could be unrelated but can be related too. In my opinion, you should be evaluated for multiple sclerosis. A person with ALS (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) or multiple sclerosis (MS) can have almost any neurological symptom or sign. Autono... Read Full »
Is surgery necessary to treat fluid in brain?
Query: Hello doctor, My sister is suffering from head pain since one month. She usually have head pain when she wakes up from bed, which gradually gets alright after a while. She is taking Dynapar for pain. The reports of CT scan and MRI shows everything normal. She consulted a few doctors, some suggested... Read Full »
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. We are here to help you. I have gone through your sister's reports (attachments removed to protect patient identity). I understand your pain for your sister. But, your doctors are guiding you in the right way. Your sister needs surgery for the same that too shu... Read Full »
I developed a painful lump at the back of my head after a fall. What to do?
Query: Hi doctor, Two years ago, I had a fall from the bike, which resulted in bleeding from one of my ears and blood vomit. I was kept in ICU under observation for two days. After that incident, I had developed a small lump on the back of my head. It used to hurt a little when I touch. Since a few months,... Read Full »
Dr. Hardik Nareshbhai Rajyaguru
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I understand your symptoms. If the lump is getting bigger now, then it is very significant. The symptoms which you said, can be because of the brain fluid getting collected in the lump and so, less fluid in the skull. I would advise you to get a CT scan brain with very th... Read Full »
Is headache a symptom of venous aneurysm?
Query: Hi doctor,I have a 8 x 12 mm sac type aneurysm on the vein of Galen. I am 50 years old and otherwise in a good health. I have had bad headaches and nausea for about seven months. It led MRV and that found the aneurysm. I know the risks of an arterial aneurysm rupturing, but do venous ones rupture? ... Read Full »
Dr. J. Mariano Anto Bruno Mascarenhas
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. This is a very rare anomaly. Dilatation of entire vein is more common. Theoretically, there is a risk of rupture. But, in practice the most common complications are hydrocephalus and cardiac problems. You have not indicated whether the scan revealed hydrocephalus or not. ... Read Full »
I have headache after nine months of head injury. Please help.
Query: Hi doctor, My mother, who had a stroke from a blow injury (heavy fall and hit the back of her head) to the lower back of her head before nine months, is still having headaches on physical exertion, especially at work. She is a nurse and occasionally has to help move or lift patients, which always ... Read Full »
Dr. J. Mariano Anto Bruno Mascarenhas
Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have read your question with care and understood your concern. It means that whenever her abdominal pressure rises, she gets a headache. This is because the pressure inside the skull called intracranial pressure raises whenever her abdominal pressure rises. The intracr... Read Full »
How to treat headaches caused by tuberculous meningitis?
Query: Hello doctor, My father was suffering from fever and right sided headaches, which felt like an electric shock. So, we consulted a doctor, and after several tests, the doctor diagnosed it as tubercular meningitis. All the test including CT scan were normal. So, he prescribed Forcox, Benadon, and Uri... Read Full »
Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I would like to know few more details. Since when is he on tuberculosis medicines? Since when is he having fever and headaches? How long does one episode of the headache last? Does he have any nausea or vomiting during the headache? Does this headache increase on lyin... Read Full »