Hiv Risk Factors

There are certain acts and sexual behaviors that put you at a higher risk of contracting HIV. Knowing which factors increase your risk, is important in developing a strategy to protect yourself from HIV now and in the future.

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A barber touched my face injury with his bare hands while shaving. Are there risks of HIV transmission?

Query: Hi doctor,Today I visited the unisex saloon shop near my house. This is my regular saloon which I visit for haircuts and shaving. The barber changed a new blade and was shaving me. After some time I felt a sharp pain on my face and found that the barber had cut my face a little bit. I have attached ...  Read Full »

Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra

Answer: Hi,Welcome to the images attached (attachment removed to protect the patient's identity), if a new blade was used, you need not worry about HIV. The chances of transmission of HIV are nil. There is no need for PrEP in your scenario. There are chances of HIV transmission by using reu...  Read Full »

Could I get infected by HIV by having sex with a CSW?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 28 year old male, and a couple of months ago, I had availed an escort service. Ever since, I have been worrying all the time about possible HIV infection. I feel little embarrassed writing about all this. Please excuse if you find any content of my note below unwarranted. I will tr...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

Answer: Hi, Welcome to The answers to your queries are: An estimated 40 to 90 % of patients with acute HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection will experience acute retroviral syndrome, which includes fever, lymphadenopathy, pharyngitis, skin rash, myalgia, arthralgia, etc. These sympt...  Read Full »

I had an encounter with an unknown girl. She gave oral sex, and I am unsure about her HIV status. Can I get HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, I am a 31-year-old male. I had a sexual encounter with an unknown girl. I was involved in foreplay (I kissed her lips, sucked her boobs, and rubbed her genitals). She gave oral sex for half a minute without protection. I am not sure about her HIV status. I asked her multiple times, but sh...  Read Full »

Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra

Answer: Hello, Welcome to The chances of transmission of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus infection) by single unprotected oral sex are almost nil unless there are bleeding wounds in the oral cavity. The other act is also almost nil. So if she is HIV negative, there is no chance of transmissio...  Read Full »

I stepped on my pant that touched the blood on the floor. Are there any chances of acquiring HIV?

Query: Hello doctor, I stepped in an elevator today, and there was this reddish fluid on the floor, which I think was blood, so I stepped on it accidentally. I was also wearing baggy pants, so the lower part of my pants leg was also touching the floor. When I came home 15 minutes later, I took my shoes an...  Read Full »

Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Thank you for the query. Intact skin is an effective barrier to HIV. If there are bleeding wounds, there are possibilities of transmission of HIV. If the wounds have healed or are non-bleeding, the chances of HIV Transmission are nil. Firstly all that is red need not b...  Read Full »

I did not penetrate, but I am unsure if I came in contact with my partner's vaginal fluid. If so, do I have a risk for HIV infection?

Query: Hi doctor, I went for a massage, and both of us were naked. She climbed on top of me. My penis felt her pubic hair and labia, but there was no penetration. The girl saw I got nervous and said that I was clean. No risky behavior happened at the massage parlor. I felt my penis, and it was wet. I assum...  Read Full »

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I read your query and understand your concern. As there was no direct sexual penetration, the risk for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection transmission is negligible. However, as the contact was with a commercial sex worker and there was no condom, it is advisa...  Read Full »

I used my finger with a paper cut injury to feel a woman's vagina. Is it possible that I contracted HIV?

Query: Hi doctor, I had a paper cut, and a few hours after that, I went to a massage parlor where a girl gave me a happy ending. Also, I felt her vagina for a few minutes, and then I remembered I had a paper cut. Is there any risk of contracting HIV?  Read Full »

Dr. Sushma Shah

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your query and understand the concern. There is no need to worry as this is not the way of transmission of this disease. In addition, the paper cut causes a beveled margin, so there is no possibility. However, if you feel anxious, you can get a test ...  Read Full »

I had protected sex, but I masturbated with the same hands by which I fingered the vagina. Could I get HIV infection?

Query: Hello doctor, I had protective sex with a girl, but I am afraid. Since that day, I have been very anxious. Now, after around two weeks, I have swollen lymph nodes. I am not sure, but it looks slightly bigger on my neck and armpit. My right armpit was always a little bigger, but it is warm, mildly pa...  Read Full »

Dr. Kaushal Bhavsar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I can understand your concern. By your history and description, it is stress and anxiety-related symptoms. So better to get an HIV test after two weeks. Once you see the negative report, you will be alright, and no need to worry about HIV infection. I hope I have so...  Read Full »

How do I know if I have contracted HIV?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 35 year old male. I cheated on my wife and I am really scared that I may have HIV. When I say scared, I mean night terrors, huge anxiety, and no appetite (lost 15 pounds in three weeks). I cannot work and it is all I think about. The circumstances are as follows. I performe...  Read Full »

Dr. Meha Malhotra

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand that you are worried but it is not the end of the world. You actually have a very low risk of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) transmission from this exposure. Though the test is sensitive, you should get a fourth generation ELISA (enzyme-linked immunoso...  Read Full »

Does an increased WBC count after sexual intercourse suggest HIV infection?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 28 year old male. I had an exposure with an unknown girl 43 days ago and the condom tore when my penis was still inside her vagina. The next morning, I saw a red mark on the tip of my penis. It disappeared in three days. I do not know the HIV status of the girl. I had done HIV 1...  Read Full »

Dr. Sushil Kakkar

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have noted your concern. At one month, this test is 95 % sensitive. So, it is fairly accurate at this stage. However, since a condom break amounts to unprotected sex (high-risk exposure), ideally you should follow it up by a retest at 12 weeks for an HIV antibody whi...  Read Full »

Can a HIV RNA test be conclusive after a month of exposure?

Query: Hello doctor, I was tested negative for HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection a month ago after the incidence. I used the HIV RNA test.Is the test conclusive after a month?  Read Full »

Dr. Basti Bharatesh Devendra

Answer: Hi, Welcome to It is good that the HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection RNA (ribonucleic acid) PCR (polymerized chain reaction) test is negative after a month of exposure. However, it is usually not used for diagnosis because the chances of HIV tests coming positive later is alm...  Read Full »

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