Hiv Risk Factors

There are certain acts and sexual behaviors that put you at a higher risk of contracting HIV. Knowing which factors increase your risk, is important in developing a strategy to protect yourself from HIV now and in the future.

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Can unprotected anal intercourse lead to HIV infection?

Query: Hello doctor, I am a 23-year-old guy and worried about whether I am infected with HIV or not. Below are my details. I had a high-risk exposure of unprotected anal intercourse with a random guy. After around seven weeks, I somehow started panicking about HIV infection. I did HIV 1 and 2 antibody p2...  Read Full »

Dr. Meha Malhotra

Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to 1. Initially, it takes 3 to 12 weeks for the antibodies against HIV to develop in any person irrespective of the person's immunity and the duration of onset of symptoms. 2. Next, suppose your ELISA (enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay) is negative in the 12th week. In th...  Read Full »

I had oral sex with confirmed HIV positive guy. What are my chances of infection?

Query: Hello doctor,I am a 29-year-old male homosexual. I had a sexual encounter 15 days back with a confirmed HIV positive guy. I gave him blow job with a condom and we smooched. He also blew me but I was not putting on a condom and when he spit out, there was a streak of blood in the spit. He says he has...  Read Full »

Dr. Sagar Ramesh Makode

Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician, Internal Medicine Physician, Family Physician, General Practitioner

Answer: Hello, Welcome to There is certainly a sizeable risk of transmission. Since he spit the blood, whatever may be a source, meaning he has had viruses in his oral cavity. HIV RNA or p24 antigen test, both are equally good becomes positive in one to two weeks period after infection, so yo...  Read Full »

Can a rough handjob result in HPV infection?

Query: Hello doctor.Does a rough handjob with oil which resulted in a wound and some blood be a way of transmission of HIV or any STDs like herpes or HPV? After four weeks there is a black dot on the penis head but not where the wound was. It is not itchy. I am uncircumcised. Kindly help.  Read Full »

Dr. Kakkar

Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to For HIV to transmit there has to be some exchange of infectious fluid like either blood semen or vaginal fluids or contact with infected mucosal surfaces like genital or anal mucosa e.g., during a sexual intercourse. A handjob is absolutely safe as it does not involve a...  Read Full »

What are the chances of HIV through protected anal sex?

Query: Hello doctor, I met a man who was a foreigner. During the winter, one night we went to a restaurant in and after that we went to a bar for some drinks and then to a food store. I had not dressed appropriately for the cold weather and I had no hat or scarf and it was very cold. We ended up going to ...  Read Full »

Dr. Kakkar

Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Protected anal sex and fingering is safe and there is no risk of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). However, receiving unprotected oral sex carries a very low risk even though saliva is not considered infectious, provided he didn't have oral sores or bleeding gums. ...  Read Full »

Does the consumption of raw garlic change the HIV test results in any way?

Query: Hello doctor,I have a skin allergy, rashes, hives and weight loss.  Read Full »

Dr. Kakkar

Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have noted your concern. I would like to know the duration of your complaints (rashes/ hives). Kindly also upload images of the rashes, if any. Have you taken any treatment already? Regards. Revert with more information to an HIV AIDS specialist online --> https:/...  Read Full »

Is it possible that I got infected with HIV or other STD?

Query: Hi sir. I have query related hiv infection.I was mastrubating in toilet by rubbing my penis against wall.But I weared underware. And I cummed in underwear. After that I touched water tap with one hand and with that hand I touched my penis.The cum was on my penis and i touched tip of penis with that ...  Read Full »

Dr. Ravinder Kaur Sachdeva

HIV AIDS Specialist

Answer: There is no risk of HIV as per the description provided. Your risk of HIV acquisition is unwarranted in this scenario. Relax!  Read Full »

Can HIV get transmitted through small cuts at the base of the penis?

Query: Hi, I ve had a sexual encounter ( risky one ) in which I wore a condom, At the base of the penis I had three smal cuts which I sustained during shaving 5-6 hours befor the encounter The cuts were very small and not bleeding ( bled a little bit when I sustained them and 1.5 days later they scabbed o...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharatesh Devendra Basti

Community Medicine Physician, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Preventive Medicine Physician, Venereologist

Answer: Hi Thank you for the query. The chances of transmission of HIV by protected intercourse with a HIV positive person is almost nil if used in a right manner. Here if there is a open/ bleeding wound which has likely come in contact with infected fluid ,there is a possibility of transmission of HIV. If...  Read Full »

What is the chance of contracting HIV after having sex with condom?

Query: Hello doctor, I had sex with condom. Is there any chance to get affected with HIV? Until now, there are no symptoms. Generally, how many days will it take to identify HIV after sex? Please suggest, and I am a bit worried. Generally, in my company, they conduct medical tests yearly and in that it sh...  Read Full »

Dr. Tanmai Yermal (jain)

Internal Medicine Physician, Cardiologist, General Medicine Physician

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Doing sex with condom is safe unless it has torn or leaked. Was your partner a known case or later diagnosed to be HIV positive? Company tests that you have done, if it was for HIV and if it is negative, then you need not worry about it as test results will be posi...  Read Full »

Had sex during periods. Can this lead to HIV infection?

Query: Hi doctor, I am 22 years old. My height is 5'11" and weight is 100 kg. I had a condom on and I did not know that she was on her period. As there was blood on the condom, I removed it and had a new one. We had sexual intercourse again and again until she was bleeding badly. As far as I remember, the...  Read Full »

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to HIV does not get spread through such acts. In case there was any tear in the condom, the blood can seep through and put you at risk. There is a risk in such exposure and it may range from 0.03 % to 0.5 %. PEP (post-exposure prophylaxis) if started within 72 hours, then ...  Read Full »

What is the chance of HIV in unprotected sex without ejaculation?

Query: Hi doctor, I had unprotected intercourse but no ejaculation was done. I have a fear of being exposed to HIV. What necessary steps should be taken earliest?  Read Full »

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Bahunuthula

Cosmetologist, Dermatologist, HIV AIDS Specialist, Venereologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Unprotected sexual intercourse is a risk factor for STDs (sexually transmitted disease) including HIV, however, the risk is very low (0.03%). There is no reason to panic at the moment. If possible, please get the partner tested first. If she is a known case of HIV then ...  Read Full »

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