Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of skin cells, forming a tumorous mass. It can be either benign (where the tumor can grow but not spread to other organs) or malignant (can spread to other organs). If it is detected early, it can be treated quickly with less scarring.
Types of Skin Cancer
There are several different types of skin cancer based on which layer of the skin it is arising from. The common types are:
- Squamous cell carcinoma.
- Basal cell carcinoma.
Signs and Symptoms
Depending on which type of skin cancer, the appearance can vary greatly. Look out for the following warning signs.
- A non-healing sore that started as a patch or rash.
- A growth that bleeds easily and crusts over.
- Change in shape and size of existing marks or discolorations.
- Formation of ulcers, rough, and scaly areas.
- Lesions that are painful, tender or itchy.
- Red, translucent bumps that are shiny and pearly.
- A raised area with a central lump.
- Long-term sun exposure.
- Episodes of severe sunburn at a very early age.
- Repeated exposure to radiation.
- Unusual scars on the skin.
- Weakened immune system.
- Frequent exposure to certain chemicals.
- Tanning beds.
- Being fair-skinned.
- Exposure to UV radiation.
- Certain skin conditions.
- A family history of skin cancer.
- Elderly population.
- Having many moles in the body, especially dysplastic nevi.
- Avoid mid-day sun.
- Use sunscreen lotions, even on cloudy days.
- Wear protective clothing that covers your arms and legs.
- Avoid tanning booths.
- Do self-examination of skin to look for changes, and to detect them early, if any.
In case you or your physician spot a suspicious-looking sore on the skin, you will be referred to a dermatologist who can make a diagnosis based on its characteristic appearance alone. He may also order a skin biopsy to confirm his diagnosis where a sample tissue is removed from the site and sent away to a lab for examination under a microscope.
For more information consult a skin cancer specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/dermatologist/skin-cancer
Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018
There is a thin black line on my finger nail. Is it skin cancer or melanoma?
I am a 25 year old female. Two years back I had noticed a very thin black straight line on my nail in the right hand finger. This line is growing along as my nail grows. Though the line was thin initially, now it has increased in its width and thickness. When I searched in the net abo... Read Full »
Dr. Asmeet Kaur Sawhney
Welcome to icliniq.com. I can understand your concern.
I have gone through the attached picture (attachment removed to protect patient identity).
Presence of linear pigmented lines on the nails can be due to multiple causes. In white people they are considered abnormal and require thorou...
Read Full »
Sunprotection and Sunscreens : All you need to know about this!
Sun protection is the single most important measure of preventing or delaying problems like ageing of skin, wrinkles, pigmentation disorders like melasma, age spots etc. Thus protection from sun-exposure by physical methods and proper use of sunscreens is central to prevention and treatment of these problems. Unfortunately not many people know how exactly a sunscreen should be used to optimize its beneficial effects. This article will educate everybody about concepts of ideal sun protection and use of sunscreens. Read Article »
Dr. Sidharth Sonthalia
What is Sun Protection and Why is it Needed
Sun protection is simply guarding a body from the adverse effects of sunlight. Sun light consists of visible light and Ultra Violet (UV) radiation which are of three types – A,B,C of which UVA and UVB have detrimental effects on the skin on chronic ...
Read Article »