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Dental Trauma - Prevention and Management in Children

Written by
Dr. Paras Angrish
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Mar 03, 2017 and last reviewed on Jan 01, 2019   -  2 min read

Abstract

25% of school children experience dental trauma, and 33% of adults have experienced trauma to the permanent dentition, with the majority of the injuries occurring before adolescent phase. Proper diagnosis, treatment planning, and follow‐up are necessary to assure a favorable outcome.

Dental Trauma - Prevention and Management in Children

Traumatic dental injuries frequently occur in children and young adults as they are more involved in sports activity. The other factor for dental injury is the development stage of teeth. So, there is no adequate anchorage to support the tooth in case of trauma or injury. Luxation injuries that are, tooth either knocked out or become mobile are the most common problems in the teeth, and crown fractures are more commonly reported in the permanent teeth.

How to Prevent and Manage Milk Tooth Injury?

A young child is often difficult to be examined and treated due to lack of cooperation and because of fear. The situation is stressful for both the child and the parents. It is important to keep in mind that there is a close relationship between the root of the injured milk or primary tooth and the underlying developing permanent tooth germ. Tooth malformation, impacted teeth, and eruption disturbances in the developing permanent teeth are some of the future problems that can occur following trauma to milk teeth and alveolar bone. A child’s maturity and ability to cope with the emergency situation, the time for the shedding of the injured tooth and the occlusion, are all the important factors that influence treatment. Repeated trauma episodes are frequent in children who have a previous history of trauma. If a child gets an injury, it is vital to get a dental checkup from your dentist or a pediatric dentist so that the dentist will be able to detect the severity of the injury and do timely treatment to prevent future adverse consequences.

Toddler age that is, children between1 to 3 years are very prone to falls as they would have just learned to stand and start walking on their own. So, parents should be very particular in this age to keep the children on observation and keep them away from sharp objects and ladder steps.

Management of Permanent Tooth Injury:

Maxillary teeth or upper front teeth are very much prone to trauma, and there are several other factors which increase the propensity of trauma to the teeth. They include children involved in contact sports, class 2 malocclusion (forwardly placed upper front teeth), children with special healthcare needs like epilepsy and motor function disorders. During regular dental visits, parents should be well informed about these conditions and how to manage dental trauma if it occurs.

Preventive measures like use of protective gears like a mouth guard and helmets should be worn by the children involved in contact sports to decrease the impact of trauma in case of injury. If an injury occurs, then a dentist should be called as soon as possible so that telephonically local measures are conveyed by the dentist and for permanent treatment rush to a dental surgeon for adequate management of the problem. If not managed on time the injuries have a long-term effect like dental developmental defects, discoloration of the tooth, tooth loss, psychological problems, etc.

In conclusion, professional help is always recommended in case of dental injury whether the patient is having pain or not. If managed on time, it decreases the adverse effects that can occur later in the course of dental and psychological development of the child.

To know more about the prevention and management of dental trauma, consult a dentist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/dentist

 

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Last reviewed at:
01 Jan 2019  -  2 min read

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