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7 Things Every Diabetic Should Know

Written by
Dr. Manik
and medically reviewed by Dr. Preetha J

Published on May 01, 2014 and last reviewed on Dec 27, 2021   -  2 min read


Seven steps which every person with diabetes should undertake. Following these would lead a long way in helping to control and cure diabetes.

7 Things Every Diabetic Should Know

1. Low Blood Sugar Levels:

Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar level is the most important event for every diabetic to understand. People having diabetes and especially those on treatment with oral tablets or insulin should know how to recognize when the sugar level is dropping too low in their body. You can have various symptoms like sweating, fast heartbeat, chest tightness, and even fainting.

Whenever you encounter such symptoms, take some sweet and report the same to your doctor. It is important for you to recognize this because if it is not treated at the time, this can even become fatal. Read doctor advice about how to Combat Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar?

2. Never Walk Barefoot: People having diabetes develop neuropathy over the years. This leads to a decreased sensation. If you have this and walk barefoot or wear ill-fitting shoes, it could lead to ulcers that may slowly lead to serious infection of your foot. Please take care of your feet. Look at them carefully every day and wash them regularly.

3. Get Your Eyes Checked: At least once a year, go to your Ophthalmologist and get your eyes checked. High blood sugar levels affect your eyes and can lead to complete loss of vision if not treated on time.

4. Protect Your Kidneys: If you have diabetes, then beware. Your kidneys will have long-term effects due to those high sugar levels. The damage to the kidneys is very silent. It causes no pain, so often people don’t realize till they are damaged beyond repair and in some cases beyond control. It is not uncommon for people with diabetes to end up with kidney failure and be on dialysis for a lifetime.

Get your urine checked every 6 months at least. If you have diabetes, you need to consult a kidney specialist (Nephrologist), who would then advise you more.

5. Eat Small Regular Meals: It is always better to have small regular meals rather than having one or two big meals. Think before you eat and if you are on insulin, adjust your dose according to what you are eating. If you plan to be on a fast or eat less, then you need to have less insulin.

6. Exercise Regularly: Make it a habit to exercise regularly. Light exercises everyday help control your sugar levels. It will help to maintain your body healthy and fit and keep your diabetes well in control. But beware again, if you plan to do excessive exercises out of the routine on any day, you will need to modify your anti-diabetic medications. Consult your doctor to guide you more on the same.

7. Check Your Sugars: Please understand that not checking the sugars because of the fear of a prick does not mean that your blood sugar levels will remain normal. For adequate treatment, it is imperative for you to check them regularly. They are the only guides to your doctor to adjust your medications.

Ask the doctor to give you a chart to record your results. Every time you consult your doctor, take the chart along. It is the combined effort of you and your doctor that will keep you healthy. Work as a team, not as an individual.

The treatment and control of diabetes is not a one-man task. It requires an entire team of people, and the captain of that team is you. The combined effort of you and your team of specialists will keep you healthy and fit.


Last reviewed at:
27 Dec 2021  -  2 min read




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