Diabetes is affecting millions of lives these days. It is a metabolic disorder in which the blood sugar of the body is in a higher range than normal. These days it is spreading very fast due to unhealthy lifestyle of people and poor eating habits. The initial symptoms of diabetes include excessive thirst, excessive hunger, frequent urination and fatigue. Sometimes, these symptoms might be absent too.
Types of Diabetes
Diabetes is further divided into two types:
- Type 1 diabetes or Diabetes insipidus or Insulin dependent diabetes.
- Type 2 diabetes or Diabetes mellitus or noninsulin-dependent diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes or Diabetes Insipidus or Insulin Dependant Diabetes:
As the name suggests, this type of diabetic patients are dependent on insulin therapy because the pancreas of these patients stop synthesizing insulin. The etiology of type 1 diabetes is still not very clear.
Type 2 Diabetes or Diabetes Mellitus or Noninsulin-Dependant Diabetes:
In this type of diabetes, the body cells develop insulin resistance. Here, the pancreas of patients secrete lesser amount of insulin as compared to normal. In this type of diabetes, patients usually depend upon anti-diabetic medications. In the long term, if these medicines fail to give expected results, then patients have to depend on Insulin therapy.
So, people need to adopt some do’s and dont’s, if they are suffering from diabetes to control their blood sugar levels.
- Take a healthy diet. Add green leafy vegetables, fresh fruits, green gram, lentil, soybean, bitter gourd, etc., in your diet.
- Add gram flour to your diet as it has so many advantages. Gram flour has a lower glycemic index than wheat flour, so it decreases cravings. It has lesser calories than wheat flour, so helps in weight reduction too, as diabetic patients should not be overweight.
- Gram flour has more proteins than wheat flour. It also helps in reducing cholesterol as it has healthy unsaturated fats. If you are used to taking roti regularly, then add some gram flour with wheat flour or you can consume gram flour directly too.
- Regularly take a half teaspoon of fenugreek powder in an empty stomach as it will help in controlling blood sugar level.
- Do exercise, yoga and meditation regularly. If you cannot spare time for exercise, then at least do walk 30 minutes to one hour a day.
- Maintain your weight and check it periodically.
- Sleep adequately as sound sleep is very important for the body because during sleep our body automatically repairs the wear and tear.
- Avoid potato, rice, sweet fruits, deep fried food, red meat, etc.
These little things will help you in the long run for controlling your blood sugar level as diabetes can lead to other disorders such as hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, etc..
Have You Been Diagnosed With Diabetes? Read This To Know What Next.
To know more about the management of diabetes consult a diabetes management specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/diabetologist/diabetes-management
Last reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018
What type of diet has to be followed in type 2 diabetes?
I have type 2 diabetes. I am 29 years old. My height is 5'7" and weight is 58 kg. 34 days back I gave blood tests. My fasting blood sugar was 313, postprandial 599, HbA1c-14.9, T3 109.6, T4-12.30, vitamin D-6.2 and TSH-2.29. After five days, I consulted a doctor and he gave me medicin... Read Full »
Dr. Divakara P
Internal Medicine Physician
Welcome to icliniq.com.
First of all, I am surprised why have you stopped taking medicines? Medication does not cure diabetes; they control it and hence do keep continuing medications.
Coming to your diabetic diet:
You need to eat food in small quantities, but frequently.
Avoid sweets and ...
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Please help me lower my blood sugar levels.
I have diabetes since the last 11 to 12 years, and I started taking medicines given by my family doctor. Presently, I am taking Glimisave M2 (one tablet in the morning and evening), Dynaglipt 20 (one tablet in the morning), and Absolut 3G (one in the evening). My health is fine, and I... Read Full »
Dr. Shaikh Sadaf
Diabetologist, Endocrinologist, Family Physician, General Practitioner
Welcome to icliniq.com.
I just read your query about your high blood sugar levels and from the lab results (attachment removed to protect patient identity), it appears that you have uncontrolled diabetes and dyslipidemia, that is, high cholesterol.
According to your HbA1C, it is recommen...
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