Diabetes Health

How to Fight Hypoglycemia?

Written by
Dr. Pratap Vgm
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on May 01, 2014 and last reviewed on Jan 01, 2019   -  1 min read



Hypoglycemia or low sugar is common in diabetic patients. It is very important for us to know how to encounter it when it happens. What is needed to be done in case of emergency is discussed in this article.

How to Fight Hypoglycemia?

Hypoglycemia occurs when plasma glucose is lower than 70 mg/dl. There are three stages of hypoglycemia:

  • Mild hypoglycemia - Symptoms like tingling sensation, dizziness, hunger, weakness, etc
  • Severe hypoglycemia - Loss of consciousness
  • Moderate hypoglycemia - Palpitation, tremors, confusion, disorientation etc

Causes for Hypoglycemia:

Hypoglycemia is common in patients who are taking insulins, oral hypoglycemic drugs like sulfonylureas, meglitinides, erratic dietary habits which considerable mismatch between food intake and drug intake, fasting state.

How to Combat Hypoglycemia?

  • Hypoglycemia can be treated according to severity, mild hypoglycemias can be treated by oral ingestion of dextrose tablets which are available in strengths of 25 gms. Patients can be advised to take the tablets repeatedly till the symptoms subsides.
  • Secondly if the hypoglycemia is severe, they can be injected with glucagon 1mg intramuscularly. Even then if he does not recover then immediate hospitalization might be needed along with intravenous dextrose injection 25%. Bed side glucose monitoring is a must to assess the condition and to decide the further course of treatment.

CAUTION - If patient is taking any alpha-glucosidase inhibitor like acarbose or voglibose then taking complex carbohydrates to get relieved from hypoglycemia might not work.

Last reviewed at:
01 Jan 2019  -  1 min read




Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers

My husband had five episodes of hypoglycemia in a single day. What could be causing all these?

Query: Hi doctor, My husband has type 1 diabetes. He has had no Insulin today but has had five hypos today, and his sugar levels are dropping again. He had his regular food all day, drank juice and cans of coke. He has not done anything different to any other day and also has not been stressed either. He t...  Read Full »

Diabetes Mellitus and Oral Health

Article Overview: This article emphasizes the impact of diabetes mellitus on oral health problems and its management. Read Article

Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder which affects the uptake and use of glucose by the human body. As a result, the glucose level in the blood rises beyond normal which has an overall impact on the general health and oral cavity. Types Of Diabetes Insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: It oc...  Read Article

What are the reasons for hypoglycemia?

Query: Hi doctor, My mother has been suffering from diabetes for three years. She is 61 years old and weighs 40 kg. She was on Gemer-1. Early morning around 5 AM, she often complains of excessive sweating and weakness. Sweating stops after taking tea, biscuit or sugar. She has stopped taking medication for...  Read Full »

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Hypoglycemia or Diabetes?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.
Enter Your Health Query
You can upload files and images in the next step.



Disclaimer: All health articles published on this website is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.