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Age Related Cataract and its Management

Written by
Dr. Anand
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Dec 03, 2014 and last reviewed on Feb 03, 2020   -  1 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Age-related cataract is the most common cause of blindness that can be prevented. Learn about its causes and treatment options.

Age Related Cataract and its Management

Cataract is a decrease in transparency of the natural crystalline lens present in the eye. This lens, as in a camera, helps transmitted light to focus on the retina.

Causes of Cataract

Age related cataract is the most common type. Other causes of cataract can be:

  • Congenital (for example - infection with rubella or genetic).
  • Developmental.
  • Traumatic (due to injury).
  • Drug induced (example - steroids).
  • Exposure to UV light or chemicals.
  • Associated with systemic syndromes.
  • The affected person most often presents with blurring of near and distance vision, or frequently changing glass prescription.
  • Till now, only proven treatment available is surgical removal of the natural lens and replacement with artificial lens implementation.
  • It is one of the most cost effective surgery available today.
  • Surgeries now are highly evolved.

Cataract Surgery:

Commonly available surgical options are:

  • Manual small incision sutureless cataract surgery.
  • Phacoemulsification cataract extraction.
  • Extracapsular cataract extraction with sutures - rarely performed surgery.

Phacoemulsification Cataract Extraction:

  • Of the above mentioned, phacoemulsification has best results.
  • This procedure can be LASER assisted.
  • It can be performed as a day care procedure and patient can get back to normal activities from the next day.

If cataract is neglected, apart from vision loss, patient can develop complications like lens induced glaucoma which can further lead to corneal edema, severe pain and irreversible optic nerve damage.

As cataract gets older it can lead to poor surgical outcome due to high rate of surgical complications and visual outcome may not be satisfactory.

If you are above 40 years, it is highly recommended to consult an eye care ophthalmologist online for general check up --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/eye-care-ophthalmologist

 

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Last reviewed at:
03 Feb 2020  -  1 min read

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