In most of the countries, women have long hair as a tradition. But, it has a few disadvantages. Hair becomes soiled due to the collection of dirt as a result of shedding of the upper layer of skin or from dust from the atmosphere, salts from evaporated sweat and bacteria. This dirt or dust is held on to the hair and scalp due to a film of greasy sebum and hair oils.
Hair Care Tips
Normal hair care includes keeping the scalp and hair free from this dirt and excess of sebum or grease. To achieve this, following general measures should be followed:
1. Avoid Certain Things
Heat drying, combing wet hair, excessive perming and coloring should be avoided as they lead to moisture and oil loss resulting in fracture of the hair shaft. A cool setting should be encouraged to minimize the risk of developing bubble hair. Damp hair is especially susceptible to environmental damage. So, gentle towel drying is recommended before blow- drying the hair.
Twice a week shampooing keeps the scalp and hair healthy. Soaps should preferably be avoided as the pull on hair increases, producing more hair shaft breakage. Ketoconazole shampoo will help to eliminate the Malassezia species instrumental in seborrheic dermatitis and it may also have a weak antiandrogenic effect.
Hair conditioners are used to restore the lost oil film after shampooing and provide gloss, bounce, and lubrication for combing.
4. Combing or Brushing
Use of wide mounted and soft bristled combs are advisable. They untangle the hair, dislodge the environmental dust and reduce greasiness of scalp by spreading the oil over the hair shaft. Hair brushing should be done twice daily.
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