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Routine Hair Care and Common Hair Problems

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Routine Hair Care and Common Hair Problems

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Hair cells are the fast-growing cells in the body, and the first step in hair care is the diet. This article will tell you about common hair problems and proper hair care.

Medically reviewed by

iCliniq medical review team

Published At April 24, 2017
Reviewed AtDecember 19, 2022

How Does a Hair Grow?

A hair is a flexible thin shaft of cornified cells that extends from a cylindrical invagination of the epidermis, hair follicle. Hair growthis a prolonged process, and it takes time for the root to get nourished and to start producing new hair after treatment. It takes about 30 to 45 days, and then hair starts to grow about 1.5 to 2 inches in length. You will be able to see a difference in about six months.

Why Do We Get Hair Problems?

Just as crops require proper nutrition in the form of water, sunlight, pesticides, etc., regularly, so does the hair. It needs vitamins, conditioner, and nourishment. We can provide nutrition to dietary supplements like food rich in vitamins like green leafy vegetables, salads, fruits, dates, etc. But in our stressful life, it is hard to provide an adequate amount of nutrition. So, we need to take vitamin supplements and apply hair oil to provide nourishment. We can also increase nutrient flow to the hair by increasing blood flow to the hair and can do this by using Minoxidil solution. Like crops, even for hair, we need to take these supplements and apply lotions and Minoxidil regularly.

What Are The Common Hair Problems?

  • Dryness: Dryness leads to dandruff and white flakes, which can pluck the hair out of the root when the flakes are shed. When dandruff is more, an infection can occur, and this can leads to pain. At this stage, you need specialized medical treatment. Shampoos available in the market sometimes do not work on severe dandruff and might even worsen the condition. Shampooing too often can cause dry hair. Squeaky-clean hair is a good idea, but many overdo it by washing once, sometimes twice, per day. That will remove away all of the hair's natural oils.

  • Hair Fall: Hair grows for some time and then fall off, and new hair takes their place. Every hair goes through this process, so if we have one lakh hair on the scalp, approximately 100 hair fall off every day. Thus, a hair loss of a hundred per day is considered normal. Although hair loss is historically considered a problem among men, hair loss or thinning hair is also prevalent among women. It can be a male pattern balding for most men, and for females, hair loss is often caused by stress, changing hormones, medication, and even menopause. Additionally, various hair styling products (chemicals or excessive heat) can contribute to hair loss.

  • Split-Ends: Split-ends are a sign of decreased nutrition in the hair. It means that your hair is devoid of adequate supplements.

  • Dandruff: It is a scaly particle that adheres to the root of the hair. It can be caused by a deficient diet, an infection, or even a slow metabolism. You can use an anti-dandruff shampoo and conditioner of good quality recommended by a doctor.

  • Frizzy or Curly Hair: Frizzy hair can happen when the hair's moisture level falls below normal levels, and it can also be hereditary. Dehydration is the leading cause of this hair problem.

  • Lack of Volume: It will be an error if lack of volume does not appear on the list of common hair problems. It will happen for both men and women. Lack of volume can damage one's hair and affects his or her appearance. There are plenty of reasons for the lack of flat hair volume, including thyroid problems, hormone-related conditions, low iron levels, and nutrition. Even a wrong shampoo or an improper conditioner can make your hair too thick and result in a lack of volume.

  • Dull Hair: Many factors can cause hair to look dull, like chemical or heat-styling damages and environmental soils and stresses, which can roughen the hair's cuticle. Using shampoo and conditioner once a week is a suitable solution for dull hair.

  • Heat Damaged Hair: Using your flat iron or curling iron too much will damage your hair.

  • Color Damaged Hair: When hair coloring is done in your hair, the chemicals will open your hair shaft, leaving your hair extraordinarily porous and prone to brittleness and damage.

  • Gray Hair: Many factors can trigger greying early, such as malnutrition, hormonal imbalance, using electric dryers, hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, pernicious anemia, concentrated hair dyes, radiation, genetic disorders, chemotherapy. Some studies also point out that greying early can happen due to the lack of some copper, vitamin B, iodine, and iron in the daily diet and mental stress. Among these common hair problems, genes can define early greying, which means if your parents have premature graying, you should begin to worry about it.

  • Oil or Greasy Hair: The hair scalp contains one kind of oil known as sebum, responsible for keeping the skin lubricated, produced by the sebaceous glands. These glands may sometimes work so hard that they produce excess oil, resulting in greasy hair. This hair problem is real trouble for many people who love cleanliness. To deal with this one, you should try cleansing your hair with a gentle shampoo to control sebum production.

How to Care for Your Hair?

  • Hair Oil: Applying oil to the hair reduces dryness. Oil should be used two to three times a week. Oil should be kept for at least 5 to 6 hours on the scalp before washing it. Do not wash immediately; those who do not like oil can use medicated hair serum.

  • Conditioner: You should use conditioners two to three times a week. You should apply it both to the scalp and the hair after regular hair wash. It should be left on the scalp for 3 to 5 minutes and then washed.

  • Cutting Hair Short: Cutting the hair short does not reduce hair fall. Hair fall and hair length have no relation. We are concerned with the root of the hair. Hair that has already grown out of the root does not change much. We thrive on making roots stronger to have stronger and thicker hair.

Frequently Asked Questions

1.

What Are the Common Types of Hair Damage?

The common types of hair damage are:
- Split ends.
- Damage from heat styling.
- Over-processed Hair.
- Damage due to the sun.
- Mechanical damage.
- Damage due to hard water.
- Damage from chemical treatments.

2.

How to Stop Hair Problems?

We can stop hair problems depending upon the cause of the hair loss.
- Periodically washing hair with a mild shampoo.
- Vitamin for hair loss.
- Improving diet with protein.
- Massaging the scalp with essential oils.
- Avoid brushing wet hair.
- Applying garlic juice, onion juice, or ginger juice to the hair.
- Keeping yourself hydrated.
- Rubbing green tea in the hair.

3.

Which Vitamin Deficiency Can Cause Hair Loss?

Vitamin deficiencies that cause hair loss are:
- Vitamin D: It plays an essential role in hair growth. Vitamin D usually maintains immune health. The immune system can attack the hair follicles of the own body. Some of these autoimmune disorders are alopecia totalis and alopecia areata. Therefore, deficiency of this vitamin can impair hair growth.
- Vitamin B complex: B complex vitamins like Biotin (vitamin B7) will strengthen the hair shaft's keratin and promote hair growth.
- Vitamin C: Deficiency of Vitamin C may lead to brittle hair, weak hair, or hair loss.
- Vitamin A: Vitamin A is a powerful antioxidant. It has been found in a study that there are low blood levels of vitamin A in patients with alopecia areata. Vitamin A supplements can help in hair growth by increasing the levels of antioxidants in the blood. Too much vitamin A can also cause hair problems which overstimulate the hair follicles.
Vitamin E: It supports hair growth by improving the circulation in the scalp and reducing free radicals' circulation near the hair follicles.

4.

What Do You Lack If Your Hair Falls Out?

If your hair falls out, you lack nutrients like:
- Zinc.Protein.
- Iron.
- Vitamin A.
- Vitamin B complex.
- Vitamin C.
- Healthy fats.

5.

What are Some Hair Disorders?

A few examples of hair disorders are:
- Alopecia areata.
- Traction alopecia.
- Hair casts.
- Bubble hair deformity.
- Ingrown hair.
- Hair loss.
- Premature greying of hair.
- Pattern hair loss.
- Hypertrichosis.
- Monilethrix.
- Trichorrhexis invaginata.
- Seborrheic eczema.
- Tinea capitis.

6.

How to Keep Your Hair Healthy?

Ways to keep your hair healthy are:
- Washing your hair at least twice a week is sufficient.
- Using a conditioner after shampooing is necessary.
- Do not brush your hair while it is wet because the hair will be fragile and elastic when it is wet and can break easily.
- Use the shampoo and the conditioner which suits your hair.

7.

How to Thicken My Hair?

The methods to thicken your hair are by applying the following ingredients:
- Castor oil.
- Olive oil.
- Apple cider vinegar.
- Baking soda.
- Eggs.
- Aloe vera.
- Oranges.
- Onion juice.
- Avocado.

8.

What to Eat to Get Thick Hair?

To get thicker hair, you should eat:
- Fish, beans, and chicken for protein.
- Raisins and Leafy greens for iron.
- Liver for Biotin.
- Nuts and whole grains for Omega 3.
- Salmon for vitamin D.
- Nuts, eggs, and oyster for zinc and selenium.
- Blueberries for vitamin C.
- Carrots and sweet potatoes for vitamin A.
- Bean sprouts for silica.
- Nuts for Vitamin E.

9.

What Drink Can Promote Hair Growth?

The drinks which help in hair growth are:
- Aloe vera juice.
- Kiwi juice.
- Onion juice.
- Spinach juice.
- Guava juice.
- Garlic juice.
- Cucumber juice.
- Coriander juice.
- Carrot juice.
- Strawberry juice.

10.

Which Fruit Is Good for Hair Growth?

The fruits good for hair growth are:
- Plum.
- Amla.
- Lemon.
- Orange.
- Guava.
- Pomegranate.
- Apple.
- Strawberry.
- Banana.
- Papaya.
- Pineapple.
- Avocado.
- Apricots.
- Grapes.
- Peaches.

11.

How to Identify My Hair Type?

You can identify your hair type by determining the following factors:
- Hair density.
- Hair texture or diameter.
- Hair porosity.
- Scalp moisture.
- The elasticity of hair.
Curl pattern.

12.

How to Restore Damaged Hair Fast at Home?

To restore damaged hair, you can follow these methods:
- Egg and yogurt hair mask.
- Application of a conditioner or a serum to restore moisture.
- Warm oil massage with coconut oil or olive oil mixed with peppermint oil or tea tree oil.
- Taking nutrients supplements like minerals, vitamins, and omega 3.
- Avoiding heat styling procedures.
- Avoiding frequent hair wash, where hair washing twice a week is sufficient.
- Using sulfate-free products.

13.

How Does Damaged Hair Look Like?

Damaged hair is brittle, rough in texture, dry, and very porous due to the excessive stretching of the upper hair shaft layer.
Dr. Mansuri Uzzaif Usmangani
Dr. Mansuri Uzzaif Usmangani

Dermatology

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