Heart & Circulatory Health

Facts About Cardiomyopathy in Adults

Written by
Dr. Vasantha K S
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Apr 06, 2018 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018   -  2 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Cardiomyopathy refers to disease of the heart's muscles. It can affect anyone in any age group. But, some people are at higher risk. We are going to talk about cardiomyopathy in adults and its types.

Facts About Cardiomyopathy in Adults

'Cardio' means heart and 'myo' refers to muscle. So, the term cardiomyopathy describes a disease of the muscles of the heart. In this condition, there is difficulty of the heart's chambers to pump blood effectively to all the tissues of the body. It can be either genetic or acquired.

Types of Cardiomyopathy: Depending on how and which heart muscle is affected, there are few types.

  1. Hypertrophic: In this type, the heart muscles thicken.
  2. Dilated: In this type, the muscles get thin and stretched out causing the chamber to get enlarged.
  3. Restrictive: The heart muscles become stiff and rigid.
  4. Arrhythmogenic: The muscles of the right ventricle are replaced by a scar tissue.
  5. Unclassified: This includes peripartum, alcoholic and ischemic cardiomyopathy.

Causes: It may be caused due to varying reasons.

  • Inheriting it from parents.
  • Prolonged hypertension.
  • Tissue damage after a heart attack.
  • Heart valve defects.
  • Infections that affect the heart muscle.
  • Tissue disease such as amyloidosis, sarcoidosis, lupus, vasuclitis, etc.
  • Obesity.
  • Smoking.
  • Drug abuse.
  • Overconsumption of alcohol over a long time.
  • Sometimes as a complication of pregnancy.

Signs and Symptoms: Symptoms worsen over time if left untreated. The person may experience one or many of the following.

  1. Shortness of breath.
  2. Lightheadedness and dizziness.
  3. Extreme fatigue.
  4. Chest pain.
  5. Swelling of feet (edema).
Difficulty with focus and concentration. Palpitations. High blood pressure.

Diagnosis: Few tests which help with the diagnosis and classification into which type of cardiomyopathy it is.

  1. Physical examination
  2. Echocardiogram.
  3. Chest X-ray.
  4. CT/MRI.
  5. Radionuclide ventriculogram.
  6. Cardiac catheterization.

Treatment: It is essentially not treatable, but controlled with the following.

  • Lifestyle changes.
  • Medications.
  • Cardioversion or ablation.
  • Pacemakers and defibrillators.
  • Heart transplant.

Prevention: Make lifestyle changes as advised to prevent the disease from progressing.

  1. Stop smoking.
  2. Getting into ideal weight range.
  3. Quit using alcohol.
  4. Avoid stress.
  5. Eat healthy.
  6. Get blood pressure under control.
  7. Take medicines regularly as advised by your doctor.

For more information consult a cardiomyopathy specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/cardiologist/cardiomyopathy

Last reviewed at:
07 Sep 2018  -  2 min read

RATING

18

Tags:

Related Questions & Answers


Can the cause of dilated cardiomyopathy in adult be viral infection?

Query: Hi doctor, For the past 10 months, my wife (age 32 years) started developing symptoms of bronchitis (complaints of SOB and fatigue). Her feet and ankles started to swell and used to take Lasix (to treat edema) on SOS basis for the past seven months, which gave her temporary relief. Next month she u...  Read Full >>


Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your wife has multiple issues including dilated cardiomyopathy and PCOS (attachment removed to protect patient identity). There are multiple causes of dilated cardiomyopathy including viral infections, pregnancy, familial and idiopathic, tachycardia, PVCs, amyloidosis i...  Read Full

Kindly review my echo results taken for heart failure.

Query: Hello doctor, I need help reading the results of my echo a few months back. I am just not receiving the results. I had a baby a few months back and then was back in the hospital a week later with pnemounia. During my visit back in the hosiptal with pnemounia, the doctors said my blood work kept com...  Read Full >>


Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your hearts' left ventricle is a bit weak (attachment removed to protect patient identity). It has a mild dysfunction. This occurs sometimes during the last month of pregnancy or five months after delivery. Many times this condition reverts to normal or almost normal wi...  Read Full

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Hypertrophic Obstructive Cardiomyopathy or Peripartum Cardiomyopathy?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.
Enter Your Health Query
You can upload files and images in the next step.

Fee:  

 


Disclaimer: All health articles published on this website is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek the advice from your physician or other qualified health-care providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.