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Healthy Living (Wellness & Prevention) Data Verified

Diabetes and its Possible Prevention

Written by
Dr. Anil Philip
and medically reviewed by iCliniq medical review team.

Published on Nov 14, 2016 and last reviewed on Apr 28, 2022   -  2 min read

Abstract

Diabetes is spreading fast to almost epidemic proportions and there is a growing feeling of helplessness in preventing it. But by having a fair knowledge of the disease and adopting certain lifestyle changes we may prevent or at least delay this disease.

Diabetes and its Possible Prevention

In a mercurial and a fast moving life in contemporary world, novel and permuted diseases strike human beings at an equally fast pace.The only indicative remedy advised by physicians is to change or slow down one's lifestyle. The old saying becomes relevent "prevention is better than cure". In this bulletin, diabetes mellitus (type 2) has been elaborated, as the disease is fast affecting our younger generation.

The following precautions may prevent or delay the onset of diabetes:

  • Maintain ideal body weight, BMI (Body Mass Index), as obesity can trigger the disease.

  • Avoid sedentary habits, like two hours or more of TV watching, internet, gaming, sitting during job, habitual laziness which increases the risk by 20%.

  • Increase physical activity like brisk walking,using stairs, light stretching exercises, skipping, jogging, cycling, swimming as suitable to the individual.

  • Restrict diet rich in carbohydrates which increases risk by 30%.

  • Consume whole grain cereals which contain bran and fibre which leads to slower increase in blood sugar, hence lower insulin and glycemic index. This leads to less stress on the insulin producing mechanism thus preventing type 2 diabetes.

  • Prefer coarsely ground whole wheat flour (chakki atta) and parboiled rice(the browner the better).

  • Avoid or limit finely ground wheat flour, maida, raw white rice, fried potatoes, tapioca etc.

  • Limit the intake of junk food, noodles, pasta, biscuits, pastries, cakes, sweatmeats, candies, softdrinks, fruit juices. All these contain excess sugar which contributes to high level of triglycerides, increased cholesterol thus increasing insulin resistance contributing to the risk of diabetes.

  • Choice of good polyunsaturated fats from vegetable oils, nuts and seeds can help ward off type 2 diabetes. Seasonal fruits should be consumed whole. Avoid red meat, while swapping to healthier proteins like legumes, soya, low fat dairy, poultry and fish can reduce risk upto 35%.

Prediabetes is a condition which signals the possibility of the disease.

Look out for the above symptoms and consult a diabetologist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/diabetologist

Try this simple quiz to test your knowledge about diabetes --> https://www.icliniq.com/health-articles/health-topics/diabetes-health/quiz-diabetes-how-aware-are-you

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Frequently Asked Questions


1.

What Is the Normal Level of Blood Sugar According to Age?

For children younger than 6 years the normal blood sugar level is 100 to 180 mg/dL. For children (6 to 12 years old) the normal blood sugar level is 90 to 180 mg/dL. For children (13 to 19 years) and adults, the normal level of blood sugar is 90 to 130 mg/dL.

2.

Is Diabetes Considered a Disease?

Diabetes is a chronic disease caused by a lack of insulin production from the pancreas. The body is unable to use insulin normally, causing diabetes. Diabetes affects the energy production of the body, causing lethargy and tiredness.

3.

What Is the Primary Cause of Diabetes?

Diabetes is mainly caused by genetics and poor lifestyle. In some cases, it is caused by environmental factors, such as the virus that causes the immune system to attack the body’s own pancreatic cells (beta cells) that produce insulin.

4.

Which Food Items Cause Diabetes?

Diabetes is mainly caused by consuming sweetened food or beverages, processed food, and fried foods. Also, food containing fat such as meat, cheese, or milk raises the blood sugar level, and this can cause diabetes too. Furthermore, few of the studies also prove stress at some level also causes diabetes.

5.

Can Stress Be the Reason for Diabetes?

It is very unlikely that stress alone causes diabetes. However, it can increase the cortisol level of the body. This can further increase the inflammation of the body, which in turn can affect insulation production and blood glucose level.

6.

How does Insufficient Sleep Causes Diabetes?

There are few studies showing that an obscene amount of sleep can cause diabetes. It has been proven that poor or oversleeping can negatively affect the body's insulin level. In turn, the fluctuation in insulin level affects the blood sugar level too, which causes diabetes.

7.

How Many Hours of Sleep Is Enough for a Diabetic Patient?

Sleep is a very important factor in maintaining normal body function. It is advisable to sleep for at least seven hours every night to keep the blood sugar level in check. It not only balances the blood sugar level but also provides other health benefits too.

8.

Is a Person’s Memory Affected By Diabetes?

If the patient has uncontrolled diabetes, there are chances of altered or damaged cognitive function of the brain. This can cause confusion or memory loss. Moreover, the study shows higher chances of dementia or Alzheimer's disease in persons with uncontrolled diabetes.

9.

Can Diabetic Person Have headaches?

If the patient has a high blood sugar level, it can cause headaches of a moderate to severe nature. Also, it can cause other complications, such as loss of consciousness and loss of focus. There are a few causes behind headaches in diabetic people, such as the adverse effect of the medications, sudden fluctuations in blood sugar level, or newly started medication therapy.

10.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms Associated With Diabetes?

High blood sugar levels can cause blurred vision, tiredness, weight loss, recurrent infections, dry mouth, and an urge to urinate frequently. Also, diabetic people have a slow healing capacity. Lastly, diabetes affects the mental health of the patients causing frequent and sudden mood changes too.

11.

What Are the Primary Signs of Diabetes?

There are three main signs of diabetes. For instance, a frequent urge to urinate, an increase in thirst, and a rise in appetite. Other than these, depending on the severity other systems of the body are also affected.

12.

What Are the Prevention Measures for Diabetes?

To prevent diabetes, a person should take some extra care and make some lifestyle changes. For instance, losing weight by exercising and following a healthy diet can make a vast difference. Additionally, proper sleep can be very effective in keeping blood sugar levels normal.

13.

Is There Any Cure for Diabetes?

There is no cure for diabetes at the moment. However, the symptoms can be managed with lifestyle changes and eating healthy. Additionally, there are some medications available in the market to maintain the insulin level of the body, and that can be effective in managing diabetes.

14.

What Is the Usual Treatment Given for Diabetes?

Usually, diabetes can be managed by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and following a proper diet. Other than that, Metformin is the most frequently used medication for type 2 diabetes. It lowers glucose production and improves insulin productivity.

Last reviewed at:
28 Apr 2022  -  2 min read

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