ADVERTISEMENT
Heart & Circulatory Health Data Verified

Statins

Published on Feb 27, 2019 and last reviewed on Mar 05, 2019   -  3 min read

Abstract

Statins are a group of drugs used to lower cholesterol by interfering with its production in the liver. Statins are relatively safe but are not recommended for pregnant patients and patients with liver disease.

Contents
Statins

Statins

Statins are a group of drugs used to lower cholesterol by interfering with its production in the liver. Statins are relatively safe but are not recommended for pregnant patients and patients with liver disease. As with all other medicines, there are some side effects from taking statins too, but its benefits outweigh the risks for most patients with high cholesterol levels, heart problems, and stroke.

What is Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in the cells of the body. It is needed for healthy cells and to synthesize hormones, vitamin D, and other substances to digest food. The body produces the cholesterol that it requires, and it is also found in food.

High levels of cholesterol in the blood results in plaque formation (atherosclerosis) in the blood vessels. This plaque sticks to the walls of the blood vessel and results in reduced or no blood flow in the artery. Such plaque formation in the blood vessels of the heart causes reduced blood flow to the heart, which can result in coronary artery disease, heart attack, and stroke.

What are the types of cholesterol?

The different types of cholesterol are:

What Causes High Cholesterol Levels?

The common causes include:

What Health Problems Does High Cholesterol Cause?

How Do Statins Lower Cholesterol?

Statins lower the production of cholesterol in the liver. They work by blocking HMG-CoA Reductase, which is an enzyme that the liver uses to produce cholesterol.

What are the Different Types of Statins Available?

The statins that are commercially available are:

When are Statins Prescribed?

The guidelines for the use of statins are:

What are the Side Effects of Taking Statins?

Most people do not experience any side effects while taking statins. But depending on the patient, it can cause mild to severe side effects. Some of the side effects are as follows:

Common side effects - Constipation, diarrhea, headache, sleep disturbances, dizziness, abdominal cramps, rash, and nausea.

Muscle damage - This medication, if taken in higher doses, can cause muscle breakdown. This causes the release of a protein called myoglobin into the blood, and can seriously damage your kidneys. This condition is called rhabdomyolysis. The chances of this happening increases if you take antifungal drugs, Cyclosporine, Erythromycin, Gemfibrozil, Nefazodone, and Niacin, along with statins.

Liver damage - Statins are contraindicated for patients with chronic liver diseases. Statins can damage your liver and cause symptoms like yellowish discoloration of your skin, dark urine, upper abdominal pain, and your liver enzymes will be elevated.

Myalgia - Myalgia or muscle pain is very common with the use of statins. This can be alleviated by the use of concomitant vitamin D preparations.

Diabetes - The association between statins and diabetes is not conclusively proven, but it is believed to increase the risk of type 2 diabetes by increasing the blood sugar level.

Memory problems - In some patients, statins cause confusion and memory problems.

If you notice any of the above side effects, consult your doctor immediately. They might alter the dosage or might prescribe some other statin. The best way to lower your cholesterol is to lead an active lifestyle, eat a healthy and balanced diet, and exercise regularly. If your cholesterol levels are not reduced even after trying this, then your doctor might prescribe statins for you, as they will reduce the risk of you developing any heart problems.

ADVERTISEMENT

Frequently Asked Questions


1.

Why Should You Never Use Statins?

You should never use statins because it can cause more severe side effects like increased blood sugar level; that is, your blood glucose level may slightly rise when you take a statin, leading to type 2 diabetes. The other side effect may include the development of memory problems.

2.

Why Are Statins Very Bad?

Statins are very bad because they can cause life-threatening muscle damage called rhabdomyolysis. It can lead to severe muscle pain, liver damage, kidney failure, and finally, death.

3.

Will Statins Produce More Harm Than Good?

Statins have no evidence of improving heart attack in patients concluded by researchers all around the world. New research has also revealed that taking a statin for five years after a heart attack extends your life by just four days with side effects like increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes, headache, muscle pain, and nausea. Therefore, statins produce more harm than good. Heart attack survivors should instead aim to enhance their health through diet and exercise.

4.

What Are the Adverse Effects of Taking Statins?

Statins are a drug that helps to reduce cholesterol levels in patients. They are effective, but not without their drawbacks. Various side effects are associated with statins, and these side effects can often stop patients from using the drug. They are:
- Memory loss.
- Mental confusion.
- Neuropathy.
- High blood sugar or type 2 diabetes.

5.

Can Statins Make You Age Faster?

Statins can increase the risk of heart failure, depression and shorten your life span, and instead of prolonging your life, statins will make you age faster. Whereby statins and aging go hand in hand.

6.

Will Statins Make You Gain Weight?

There are no evidence-based studies regarding weight loss or weight gain as a side effect of statin. But even though the statin does not itself cause weight gain, they give people a false sense of confidence that they are preserved from heart disease, and this thinking allows them to eat more.

7.

Will You Able To Stop Taking Statins Once You Start?

You can stop using statin without tapering the dose, but it is essential to discuss this with your doctor. If you stop the drug due to side effects, your doctor may recommend an alternative drug, a more suitable product to reduce your cholesterol level.

8.

Will Statins Clean the Arteries With Plaque?

Statins can clear the plaque out of the fat-clogged arteries of the heart. It targets plaque in a way that can dramatically reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke.

9.

What Foods Should You Avoid While Taking Statins?

Some statins like Atorvastatin (Lipitor), Lovastatin (Mevacor), and Simvastatin (Zocor) can be affected by a chemical compound present in the grapefruit called Furanocoumarin. And fruits like Seville oranges, pomelos, and tangelos also have the same effects as grapefruit on statins.

10.

Which Vitamins You Should Not Take Along With Statins?

You should avoid taking vitamin E and C along with statins because they will reduce the effectiveness of the statins.

11.

Will Statins Affect Bowel Movements?

Statins will reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke by lowering cholesterol levels in your body. However, statin could lead to difficulty passing bowel movements while aggravating existing digestive problems, including irritable bowel syndrome.

12.

How To Lower My Cholesterol Level Without Taking Statins?

Ways to lower your cholesterol without statins are:
1. Eating healthy fats.
2. Cutting out sugar and refined carbohydrates.
3. Taking natural cholesterol-lowering supplements.
4. Eating foods rich in fiber.
5. Drinking green tea.

13.

How Effectively Can Statin Reduce Cardiovascular Diseases?

Statins are a group of drugs proven to prevent and treat cardiovascular disease. It is one of the best-studied medications proven to reduce heart attacks and strokes, even among individuals with normal cholesterol levels. Statins have additional benefits behind lowering cholesterol levels, like improving the lining of the blood vessels to work better, enhancing the stability of atherosclerotic plaques, and reducing the amount of inflammation and damage done to cells through oxidation.

14.

Can People With Diabetes Take Statins?

Despite the increased risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes, the statin is still indicated in many people with diabetes. This is because the reduced risk for stroke and heart attack outweighs the risk of higher blood sugars.

Last reviewed at:
05 Mar 2019  -  3 min read

RATING

15

Tags:

Comprehensive Medical Second Opinion.Submit your Case

Related Questions & Answers


What is Ecosprin AV 75 used for?

Query: Hi doctor, Sometimes, my father used to get chest pain. Angiography showed that he has a LAD bridging and vessels are normal and clear. His echo is normal. His BP, blood sugar and cholesterol are normal. After the chest pain, he was given the following medicines for one year. They are Stator, Is...  Read Full »

There is a separation noise under earlobe while filling mouth with air. What is it?

Query: Hello doctor, I have this strange feeling behind my jaw on the left side just under my earlobe. When I fill my mouth with air to increase the pressure, the area that is irritated fills with air and makes a strange separation noise. It sounds like pulling apart wax and hair and I can feel the air in...  Read Full »

Please explain my father's heart problem from the medical report.

Query: Hi doctor, My father has diabetes for the past 15 years and he is suffering from heart problem for the past four years. Recently he was admitted to the hospital due to severe breathing problem, sudden fainting, loss of appetite and water accumulation in the stomach and legs. After taking treatment ...  Read Full »

Popular Articles Most Popular Articles

Do you have a question on Cholesterol or Heart Problem?

Ask a Doctor Online

* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.

Disclaimer: No content published on this website is intended to be a substitute for professional medical diagnosis, advice or treatment by a trained physician. Seek advice from your physician or other qualified healthcare providers with questions you may have regarding your symptoms and medical condition for a complete medical diagnosis. Do not delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice because of something you have read on this website.