Coronary artery disease is characterized by blockages in the arteries, which supply blood to the heart. This, in turn, will cause nutrition and oxygen deprivement of the heart, which leads to pain and damage to the heart muscle. Heart dysfunction leads to symptoms or heart attack.
There are two presentations of coronary artery disease. They are stable disease or heart attack. Patients usually complain of chest pain which occurs on activities, retrosternal in origin and the pain also goes to the left arm, back and jaw. Many people may have a heart attack as the first presentation. Heart attack pain may be of similar nature, but of severe intensity and associated with sweating, shortness of breath, syncope or death. That is why it is so important to know how to spot a heart attack.
The symptoms of a heart attack include the following:
If the above symptoms persist for more than 10 minutes or if they recur, then call for help right away.
The various options available are lifestyle modifications and medications. If blockages are critical, then the patient may need a procedure to open the blocks, which can either be a stent or bypass surgery.
1) Lifestyle Modifications:
Should eat plenty of fruits and vegetables and low-fat products. Avoid meat, oily food and quit smoking. Do regular exercise and lose weight if overweight.
Medicines are the most important part of the treatment. This should be consumed as advised and without default. Medicines called statins, which lower the cholesterol should be consumed even if cholesterol is normal. Blood pressure lowering medicines and blood thinners like Aspirin and Clopidogrel are very important.
Other medicines like beta blockers and nitrates help the patients with chest pain.
3) Stent Procedure:
A stent procedure is also called as angioplasty. During this procedure, the doctor puts a thin pipe in the blocked artery and dilates it with a balloon. Also, keeps the stent in the vessel to hold the artery in open state. It is very important that patients do not default the medicines after stenting. Otherwise, the risk of stent blockages is very high.
4) Bypass Surgery:
Bypass surgery also called as coronary artery bypass grafting or CABG. During bypass surgery, the doctor uses another vessel, which may be from the chest or sometimes legs. Doctors connect this vessel above and below the blockage and bypass the blockage. This vessel is called as a graft. Depending upon the number of grafts, the patient is labelled as a double or triple bypass. The bypass surgery is a lengthy and high-risk procedure. It is usually done in individuals having blockages in three or more vessels or blockages in the main artery.
For further information about coronary artery disease and treatment consult a coronary artery disease specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/cardiologist/coronary-artery-diseaseLast reviewed at: 07.Sep.2018