Login      Sign Up

The Early Signs and Symptoms of Dementia

Author: Dr. Agatha - Neurological Health
Last reviewed at: 14.Sep.2018  

15

Abstract:

Nowadays, it is very common to find people with memory loss. It is no longer an old-age disease but even people less than 60 years of age are experiencing some episodes of memory loss. It has now become a medical concern and is affecting families economically and financially. If not checked and controlled early, it is joining the list of disease burden in the world. It is for this reason that many people need information about dementia in order to be on the lookout for symptoms and seek early intervention.

Dementia does not indicate a specific disease but is a medical term to describe a group of symptoms associated with memory loss as well as thinking and reasoning skills. The condition is severe enough to limit the person's ability to perform everyday activities. Alzheimer's disease is the most severe form of dementia and accounts for 60 to 80 percent of cases.

Symptoms

The early symptoms include forgetfulness, confusion, and the inability to recognize common things. The person may experience a decline in cognitive abilities such as memory loss, mental decline, and confusion, especially in the evening hours.

There is disorientation, inability to speak or understand a language and making up things. Another common symptom is limited social skills and loss of clear thinking abilities.

  • Behavioral: There is a feeling of irritability, personality changes, restlessness, lack of restraint or wandering and getting lost.
  • Mood: There is anxiety, loneliness, mood swings or nervousness.
  • Psychological: The person is depressed, has hallucinations or is paranoid.
  • Muscular: There is an inability to combine muscle movements with an unsteady gait. While walking, they fall commonly.
  • Speech: They have a jumbled speech and repeat their words a lot.
  • Sleep: There is disturbed sleep or a sleep disorder.

Diagnosis

Dementia requires a medical diagnosis mainly made through history from the person or the guardian about any of the behavioral changes and other symptoms discussed above.

There are a few laboratory tests or imaging tests that may be required if the doctor wants to rule out the cause.

Treatment

Severe dementia has no cure, but in early dementia, some medications and therapies may help reverse the symptoms. Other severe forms of dementia have no cure.

Conclusion

if you or your loved ones are experiencing the symptoms of dementia, try to seek medical help from a healthcare professional who is specialized in this field.


RATING

15
 


Ask your health query to a doctor online?
 
* guaranteed answer within 4 hours.
 

Related Questions & Answers


Query: Hello Doctor,For the past one year I have been suffering from seemingly unexplainable symptoms, which have been getting progressively worse. I have been through a series of medical examinations which did not find anything. My doctors are clueless and I am desperate. I hope you may have some suggesti...  Read Full »
Dr. Ashok Kumar Choudhary
Geriatrician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. All the symptoms which you have mentioned cannot be explained on the basis of anxiety disorder or depression. The points against anxiety and depression are resting and action tremors, problems with eye coordination and the memory lapses that you are experiencing. You have...  Read Full »
 
Query: Hi doctor, For the past three months I have been suffering from worsening insomnia. I fall asleep with great difficulty. I used to get a light fragmented sleep, where I wake up several times and have many dreams. In fact do not even know if I have fallen asleep or not. I just know that time has pass...  Read Full »
Dr. Sumit Srivastava
Internal Medicine Physician

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. I have gone through your complaint. From what you have mentioned, it seems that you may be suffering from anxiety or stress related disorders. The symptoms that points towards anxiety or stress related disorders include tremors, twitching, sweating, insomnia, tiredness an...  Read Full »
 
Query: Hello doctor, Over a year and a half ago, I had a head injury which I did not think was too major back then but it has caused many problems for me over the period of time and it is only getting worse. I have been experiencing a major amount of memory loss such as not remembering what we are learnin...  Read Full »
Dr. Aida Quka
Neurologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I read your question carefully and would explain that your symptoms seem to be related to a concentration disorder, which is probably associated with a lot of daily stress and lack of adequate physical activity or a poor diet. As you are not concentrated, you do not...  Read Full »
 
Query: Hello doctor, I am 22 years old and I have been experiencing memory loss. I struggle to remember things. This happened when I was younger, for example I was discussing something that happened in 2008 with a friend and realised that I had no memory of it. My memory of things which have happened more...  Read Full »
Dr. Pankaj Mittal
Psychiatrist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Thanks for sharing such a detailed information with us. I can understand your problem very well. At your age memory disturbances are not usual, because dementia (most common cause of memory loss) is very common in old age but at your age dementia is very rare. So, in ...  Read Full »
 
Query: Hello doctor,My 89-year-old husband is on Coumadin, no other medications. He has vascular dementia. I took him off all antipsychotic drugs a year ago and he is no longer aggressive. A few weeks ago he began choking. I took him to the ER. They diagnosed acid reflux. I disagreed as he does not have th...  Read Full »
Dr. Ashaq Hussain Parrey
Rheumatologist

Answer: Hello, Welcome to icliniq.com. I went through your post. Well, choking is one of the leading causes of death in elderly with age more than 75 and causes are usually food related like too spicy for age, hard food or hot food abs sometimes aerated drinks. The condition is aggravated by what is calle...  Read Full »
 
Query: Hello doctor, I have a question regarding memory. What if my ability to remember things is temporarily stunted? For example, if I eat too much junk food or go through depression, which I have heard inhibits memory recall, when I am back to normal, will the things I tried to remember be just as clea...  Read Full »
Dr. Hitesh Kumar
Neurologist

Answer: Hi, Welcome to icliniq.com. Your question is very non-specific. Eating junk food does not cause memory problems. And in depression, it is not a true memory loss, but a state of false forgetfulness called pseudodementia. There is a term called transient global amnesia, which can occur due to many ca...  Read Full »