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Vaginal Birth - Types, Advantages, and Disadvantages

Published on Jul 26, 2022 and last reviewed on Aug 22, 2022   -  5 min read


Vaginal delivery is a natural and most preferred process of childbirth. This article discusses the type of vaginal delivery briefly.


What Is Vaginal Birth?

Vaginal delivery is the natural method of childbirth that does not require significant medical intervention. It is recommended for women when the babies have reached full term. When compared to the cesarean section (C- section), vaginal birth is considered the simplest method. There are relatively fewer contraindications to vaginal delivery so most women and the medical health care providers recommend vaginal birth.

What Are the Types of Vaginal Delivery?

There are different types of vaginal delivery that include:

1) Natural Childbirth or Unassisted Vaginal Delivery- When a pregnant woman delivers a baby through the vagina without using any drugs or any other techniques to induce labor and or using any types of equipment like forceps, vacuum extraction is referred to as natural vaginal delivery.

2) Assisted Vaginal Delivery - When a vaginal delivery occurs with the use of specialized instruments or any medication to induce pain is referred to as assisted vaginal delivery. It has a different type that includes:

What Is an Episiotomy?

An episiotomy is a surgical incision done in the perineum (the space between the anus and the vagina) during childbirth. This is done to enlarge the vaginal opening before you deliver the baby. It is a normal part of childbirth, but it is less commonly used nowadays. In the past, it was done to prevent extensive vaginal tears during delivery as well as an episiotomy would heal sooner than a spontaneous or natural tear. But recent research says that episiotomy may cause more problems like the risk of infection, lengthy recovery, and other complications.

The two most common types of episiotomy are,

What Is an Operative Vaginal Delivery?

Operative vaginal delivery is also called assisted vaginal delivery. In this method, specialized instruments are used to facilitate vaginal delivery.

It is of two types that include:

How to Induce Labor?

There are various methods to induce labor. Depending on the condition of the mother and baby, the medical care provider will choose the appropriate procedure.

The following are the different procedures employed to induce labor:

Is Vaginal Delivery Possible After Cesarean Delivery?

Vaginal birth after C-section (VBAC) is possible, but many factors must be considered before delivery and the doctor decides if it is the right choice for the mother and baby. The safety of the mother and the baby is the main thing to consider before vaginal birth. VBAC is often preferred due to fewer complications of the surgery, shorter recovery time, less blood loss, reduced chance of infection, injury to the bladder or bowel can be reduced, and fewer problems with future childbirth.

In the following conditions, VBAC is contraindicated,

What Are the Advantages of Vaginal Delivery?

The advantages of vaginal delivery include:

What Are the Disadvantages of Vaginal Delivery?

There are very few disadvantages to vaginal delivery, which include:


Vaginal delivery is often preferred by most doctors and pregnant women because of fewer complications and faster recovery. There are different types of vaginal delivery. The health care providers choose the preferred one depending on the health conditions of the mother and the baby.


Last reviewed at:
22 Aug 2022  -  5 min read




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