Published on Feb 05, 2016 and last reviewed on Sep 07, 2018 - 4 min read
Some researches show that premenstrual syndrome (PMS) occurs due to some mineral and vitamin deficiency. Vitamin B3 is also referred as niacin and also as nicotinic acid. Metabolism is primarily regulated by vitamin B3. It also helps to maintain sex and stress hormones.
PMS means premenstrual syndrome. It is the symptoms that appear before periods or menstruation in women. PMS consists of various types of symptoms such as mood changes, breast enlargement and tenderness (even mild touch may induce pain in the breasts), craving for certain types of food, body weakness, bloating, headache, acne, fatigue, irritability, tension and depression. Every 8 women out of 10 women experience premenstrual syndrome once in their life. Peak time of PMS is in the early 20s and continues till 30 years of age. The exact cause of PMS is unknown, but according to researches hormonal changes may be responsible for these symptoms prior to menstruation.
Symptoms of Premenstrual Syndrome:
There are many emotional and physical symptoms present before menstruation. Women may feel depressing mood and become aggressive in nature. Tension and anxiety may become obvious during these days. Appetite or hunger changes may become obvious. Insomnia (difficulties during sleep or absence of sleep) is also present. Poor concentration in work and studies is also present. Social withdrawal may hamper the woman’s social life.
There are many signs and symptoms associated with PMS. They are divided into physical and emotional symptoms.
1) Physical symptoms are dizziness, nausea, vomiting, breast tenderness, breast enlargement, clumsiness, fatigue, weakness, headache (severe), muscle pain and increased hunger. Acne vulgaris, skin itching and eczema are the skin manifestations present during PMS. Joint pain and weight gain due to fluid retention are also present. Constipation or diarrhea is present with abdominal discomfort. Lower abdominal pain is also present. A woman may find different varieties of these symptoms at each cycle.
2) Emotional symptoms are depression, tension, anxiety, loss of concentration, loss of focus in any work, irritability, motivational loss, etc.
Symptoms vary from cycle to cycle and woman to woman.
Role of Vitamin B3 in PMS:
Food Supplements Containing Vitamin B3:
As per food and drug administration, daily requirement of vitamin B3 is 17 mg in men and 13 mg in women. Additional 3 mg is necessary for breastfeeding women. One research of European Union has proved that recommended daily administration is 18 mg per day for both men and women.
Side Effects of Vitamin B3:
Medical supervision is essential to avoid many side effects.
If a person takes niacin more than 1.5 to 6 g, it produces various side effects. Itching, dry skin, skin rashes and eczema are produced by high dose of niacin. Gastrointestinal complications such as nausea, vomiting, improper digestion, toxicity of liver etc., are also present. Many patients found some rare symptoms such as altered cardiac rhythm, abnormal increase in level of glucose and birth defects.
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Query: Hi doctor, I am asking you on behalf of my friend. Here are the symptoms, which she had around three to seven days before bleeding. All symptoms of PMS along with occasional migraine with glaucoma, nausea, pain in the lower part of spine and cramps. On the first day of bleeding, she is having pain... Read Full »
Query: Hi doctor, Three years back, I had the problem of unbalancing while walking. I never felt any dizziness or spinning of head. I just had a feeling that I will fall down. I consulted a doctor and he told me that it was due to vitamin B12 deficiency and also prescribed me few shots of Vitcofol. Initial... Read Full »
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