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Pulmonary Rehabilitation - Objectives, Advantages and Risk Factors

Published on Apr 08, 2022   -  4 min read

Abstract

Pulmonary rehabilitation is a medically supervised program for people with severe lung disease and lung-related disorders. Read the below article to know more.

Contents

Introduction:

When you have cystic fibrosis, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), lung cancer, or other breathing problems, then pulmonary rehabilitation is a program that helps to improve the quality of life. Primary care providers will teach the new skills and how to supervise exercise programs to increase strength. With the help of pulmonary rehabilitation, you will be able to go outside and get into normal life.

What Is Pulmonary Rehabilitation?

A supervised education and exercise program that is designed to help people with chronic or long-term lung disease is known as pulmonary rehabilitation. The pulmonary rehabilitation program will show fewer improvements in breathing problems, provide more strength, and improve the quality of life, but it does not cure the lung disease.

Who Should Get Pulmonary Rehabilitation?

Any individual with a chronic lung disease may benefit from pulmonary rehabilitation. Some examples of chronic lung diseases include:

What Are the Objectives of Pulmonary Rehabilitation?

The three main objectives of pulmonary rehabilitation are,

What Are the Advantages of Pulmonary Rehabilitation?

The advantages of pulmonary rehabilitation are:

What to Expect While Entering Pulmonary Rehabilitation?

The pulmonary rehabilitation may be overseen by respiratory therapists, nurses, occupational therapists, physical therapists, dieticians, psychologists, spiritual advisors, social workers, and physicians. They will help you to design a personal program.

The pulmonary rehabilitation program may include the following:

Where Does Pulmonary Rehabilitation Occur? How Often Do People Need to Go for the Program?

Most pulmonary rehabilitation programs are done at the outpatient health center or local hospital. The pulmonary rehabilitation program is usually conducted two or three times a week for two to three months or more. Some programs are done even as in-home sessions. However, make sure to attend every session to get the most out of the program. Initially, you might feel hard, and it will take some time to cope. After attending the program, you feel much better. Seek your primary care provider about a local program to get detailed information regarding it.

How Does Pulmonary Rehabilitation Work?

Lung muscles get weak due to chronic lung disease. So the muscles involved in breathing and moving must be re-strengthened to restore your normal activities. The patient who undergoes rehabilitation will be designed with their own exercise program to improve strength and endurance. Also, they will receive education about the disease or condition they have. At the time of education, they will come to learn how to:

During the exercise classes, the staff will design a plan that considers all of the patient's needs, weaknesses, and strengths. The exercise program starts with stretching, followed by mild cardio and exercises to practice while sitting. Initially, they will build strength using light weights.

Pulmonary rehabilitation programs also offer counseling support groups to manage mental and emotional health as it is the key to maintaining a balance with physical health.

What Are the Risks Involved in Pulmonary Rehabilitation?

Only a few risks are involved with pulmonary rehabilitation.

How Much Does Pulmonary Rehabilitation Cost?

Most insurances cover pulmonary rehabilitation for COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) and other lung conditions. The cost will vary based on what type of insurance you have and depending on the program you attend.

Conclusion:

The pulmonary rehabilitation program is a home-based supervised non-pharmacological intervention to manage COPD and other lung-related disorders in elderly patients. This becomes effective when the patients put in the effort. The exercise and breathing techniques they learn from pulmonary rehabilitation will keep them from getting out of breath while walking short distances or within the home (from the living room and the kitchen). This program gives the best results when they continue to do the exercises and use the skills they have learned long after they have completed the program. In addition, the staff will design a long-term non-pharmacological treatment plan, so make sure to follow it.

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Last reviewed at:
08 Apr 2022  -  4 min read

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