This article explains about asthma and its causes. It also focuses on the benefits of starting early treatment to lead a normal life.
In simple words, asthma is defined as a chronic (long-term) disease in which there is narrowing of the airways and obstruction to the airflow occurs due to an allergic reaction when exposed to substances called allergens. These allergens can include common household dust, animal danders, pollens from flowers, dust mites, molds, etc.
Once exposed by inhaling these allergens they trigger a chain of events in the airways leading to swelling of the airways due to collection of fluid within them. Due to swelling the airways get narrow and decrease the passage of air. The patient starts to gasp for air. There is also increased mucus secretion in the airways adding to the problem.
Episodic symptoms of airflow obstruction are present. The patient leans forward a typical presentation of asthmatic attack. Airflow obstruction or symptoms are at least partially reversible. Severe wheezing sounds are present similar to sounds heard when air passing through the pipe is blocked, that is the characteristic voice.
The important causes of an asthmatic attack include,
Medical therapy is the mainstay management of this disease.
This disease is easily manageable and its medical therapy has undergone great developments in the recent decades. You do not have to live with this problem when you can have a normal life. You just need to make an initiative.
To gather more information regarding the management of asthma please consult an asthma specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/pulmonologist/asthma
Last reviewed at:
20 Feb 2021 - 3 min read
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