COPD is an inflammatory lung disease that causes a progressive obstruction of airflow. Long-term exposure to irritants leads to COPD, mainly cigarette smoke, polluted air, toxic fumes, and dust. Although smokers are at high risk, this condition can affect non-smokers too.
- Cough with mucus (smoker's cough).
- Shortness of breath.
- Chest discomfort.
- Tobacco smoke.
- Second-hand smoke.
- Working in environments exposed to dust, fumes, and pollution.
- A rare genetic condition is known as alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency.
- Emphysema: In this condition, there is a destruction of the air sacs of the lungs and hence airway collapse.
- Chronic bronchitis: In this condition, there is inflammation of bronchial tubes. They form more mucus as a result of the irritation. There is a need for frequent throat clearing.
- Respiratory tract infections.
- Heart problems.
- High blood pressure.
- Lung cancer.
Diagnosis is by a combination of the following:
- Chest X-ray.
- Arterial blood gas test.
- If you are a smoker, this could be a direct cause of COPD. Quitting smoking and taking an antioxidant-rich diet will help prevent worsening and exacerbation of symptoms.
- If there is exposure to fumes at your place of work, be sure to wear a special mask to protect yourself.
- If you suffer from asthma, or frequent respiratory infections, flu, etc., it is advisable to stay away from cigarette smoke, be it first or second hand.
Treatment involves a combination of lifestyle changes and medicines.
1) Lifestyle changes
- Quitting smoking.
- Avoiding other lung irritants.
- Eating small frequent meals so you do not strain yourself too much.
- Carrying out only those physical activities and exercises that are approved by your physician.
- Steroid for inhalation.
- Flu vaccine.
- Oxygen therapy.
For more information consult a COPD specialist online --> https://www.icliniq.com/ask-a-doctor-online/pulmonologist/copd
Last reviewed at: 29.Jan.2019
I get red eyes, headache, and chest pain because of cigarette smoke. Please advice.
Actually, I am afraid of the high sensitiveness of my nose. My head hurts, eyes become red, have difficulty in breathing, pain in the chest. All these problems I get because of only cigarette smoke. I get a problem if anyone smokes at 5 to 10 m distance. So, please give me good advice... Read Full »
Dr. Parth R Goswami
Family Physician, General Practitioner, Hematologist, Pathologist
Welcome to icliniq.com.
Do not neglect this condition. Smoking can lead to a hazardous effect on respiratory as well as the cardiac system like COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), emphysema, chronic bronchitis, ischemic heart disease, etc. So the following work-up has to be done:
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