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Acne Treatment - Types, Side Effects, and More

Published on Mar 30, 2019 and last reviewed on Aug 11, 2022   -  5 min read

Abstract

Acne results from blocked hair follicles. Oil, dust, and dead skin cells on the outside of your skin block your pores and cause pimples.

Contents
Acne Treatment - Types, Side Effects, and More

Introduction:

Acne results from blocked hair follicles. Oil, dust, and dead skin cells on the outer surface of the skin block the pores and cause pimples. The primary goal of the treatments focuses on cleaning up microorganisms and evaporating the excess oils that lead to acne. Different acne treatments incorporate lifestyle cures, topical prescriptions, oral medicine, and therapeutic techniques.

The treatment depends on the severity of the condition. If an individual is having mild to moderate acne, for example, whiteheads or clogged pores, the treatment should be moderately simple. But, if an individual is having cystic acne, this might need additional testing. Cystic acne causes big, painful, and red blisters under the skin. The consulting doctor or dermatologist can diagnose the type of acne an individual has.

How to Treat Acne With Lifestyle Changes?

Numerous people with mild acne or pimples can improve their condition with lifestyle changes. Oil is a noteworthy cause of acne, so it is very crucial to keep the face clean and the hair away from it. This is highly important if the hair is generally very oily. Oil from the hair and face additionally develop on the bedding. Changing the pillowcase every day or weekly helps prevent this development.

Wash the face a few times every day with tepid water (moderately warm) and a delicate chemical that is not drying. Try not to scrub the skin excessively, as this can damage it. Additionally, do not use unhealthy skin items like scented moisturizers or oil-based cosmetics. Pick lotions and sunscreens that are marked "non-comedogenic." This implies the item will not block the skin pores.

These changes can go a long way in helping to settle mild acne. If an individual needs something more suitable, the doctor may propose topical or oral medicine.

How to Treat Acne With Topical Medications?

Topical medications are ointments, gels, and creams that have to apply to the skin. This ointment has to be applied in a very small quantity, usually a very little coat on the skin before going to bed and after waking up in the morning. Some are accessible over-the-counter, and others require a prescription.

OTC (over-the-counter) acne treatment items contain Salicylic acid or Benzoyl peroxide. These substances diminish the quantity of oil the body produces and fight aggravation. These effects help treat existing problems and keep new ones from forming.

Prescription topical drugs can help when OTC medicines are not sufficient. These acne gels or creams may contain Tretinoin, a more grounded form of Benzoyl peroxide, or an anti-toxin called Clindamycin. These medicines kill microorganisms that cause acne. You can also find solutions and treatment in minutes without leaving home, through online video consultation.

How to Treat Acne With Oral Medications?

Oral medications for acne are called foundational treatments because they are consumed throughout the entire body. They are only available on a prescription from the doctor. These medications are ordinarily used to treat moderate to extreme acne that does not respond to topical medications. The three kinds of drugs used to treat acne include:

1. Antibiotics:

The doctor may recommend antibiotics that a patient might have to take every day. It can help fight microorganisms and diseases from the inside out. Anti-toxins are generally used with topical medicine when gels and creams alone do not improve the condition.

2. Birth Control Pills:

Controlling hormone levels can help improve acne for certain ladies. However, they should not use birth control pills during pregnancy. In case of acne during pregnancy, the concerned doctor should be contacted to prevent breakouts.

3. Isotretinoin:

Isotretinoin is a congenital disabilities medication in the retinoid family. It prevents the sebaceous glands from secreting excess oil. It likewise controls skin cell turnover with the goal that the cells do not hinder the arrival of microbes and an abundance of oil from the pores. Isotretinoin is for the most part held for people with extreme cystic acne. The doctor may recommend it when other acne drugs have not worked. However, the side effects can be extreme, so it is not for everybody.

What Are the Procedures to Treat Acne?

In spite that it is not recommended as regularly as a prescription, a couple of medical approaches might be used to treat serious acne. These procedures can all regularly be performed in the doctor's office. They might be agonizing and at times cause scarring. Medical coverage plans do not generally cover them, either. The patient should affirm that the medical coverage will cover these procedures before planning them. These procedures are listed below:

1. Extraction:

During extraction, the doctor will physically debride vast sores that form under the skin. They expel liquids, dust, discharge, and dead skin inside the pore to lessen disease and agony. The doctor may inject anti-toxins or asteroids into the pore to speed mending and decrease the danger of scarring.

2. Laser Therapy:

Laser therapy may likewise help improve acne contamination. Laser light lessens the measure of microorganisms on the skin that causes acne.

3. Compound Strips and Microdermabrasion:

Compound strips and microdermabrasion evacuate the outermost layer of the skin. All the while, whiteheads, and clogged pores are additionally expelled.

What Are the Treatment for Acne During Pregnancy?

Nearly everybody encounters acne at some time. It is most regular among adolescents. However, grown-ups can have breakouts sometimes, particularly during pregnancy. However, pregnant ladies with acne might not have many treatment choices like others.

The majority of medications used to treat acne in teenagers and grown-ups are not advisable to use during pregnancy. Topical retinoids are class C drugs. This implies that they are unsafe to the developing baby if given in substantial sums. Pregnant women are advised to check with the doctor before using Tretinoin.

Isotretinoin and antibiotic medication can hurt an embryo. Isotretinoin has been connected with birth imperfections, and antibiotic medication can stain the unborn child's teeth. It is advisable not to use both of them during pregnancy. The acne medicines that can be used during pregnancy are the ones that contain Benzoyl peroxide.

What Are the Side Effects of Acne Treatments?

Side effects of acne treatments depend upon the technique that has been picked and the quality of the medicine. The side effects are described below:

When to See the Doctor?

Acne is a truly treatable condition. At the point when essential lifestyle changes do not appear to work, attempt the least intrusive treatment. If a patient needs something more grounded, a meeting with the doctor should be planned. They will evaluate the acne and recommend subsequent stages for treatment. Propelled therapeutic research is finding better approaches to battle this disease.

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Last reviewed at:
11 Aug 2022  -  5 min read

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