Dermatologists and Skin Care

Acne Treatment - Types, Side Effects, and More

Written by
Dr. Pratap Chandra Jena Jena
and medically reviewed by Dr. Sneha Kannan

30 Mar 2019  -  4 min read

Abstract

Abstract

Acne results from blocked hair follicles. Oil, dust, and dead skin cells on the outside of your skin block your pores and cause pimples.

Acne Treatment - Types, Side Effects, and More

Acne results from blocked hair follicles. Oil, dust, and dead skin cells on the outside of your skin block your pores and cause pimples. Treatments work to clean up microorganisms and evaporate the excess oils that lead to acne. Different acne treatments incorporate lifestyle cures, topical prescription, oral medicine, and therapeutic techniques.

The treatment depends on your condition. If you have mild to moderate acne, for example, whiteheads or clogged pores, your treatment should be moderately simple. But, if you have cystic acne, you might need additional testing. Cystic acne causes big, painful, and red blisters under your skin. Your doctor or dermatologist can diagnose the type of acne you have.

Lifestyle Changes:

Numerous people with mild acne or pimples can deal with their condition with lifestyle changes. Oil is a noteworthy cause of acne, so keeping your face clean and your hair far from it is critical. Particularly if your hair is generally oily. Oil from your hair and face additionally develop on your bedding. Changing your pillowcase every day or weekly help prevent this development.

Wash your face a few times every day with tepid water and a delicate chemical that is not drying. Try not to scrub your skin excessively, as this can damage it. Additionally, do not use unhealthy skin items like scented moisturizers or oil-based cosmetics. Pick lotions and sunscreens that are marked "noncomedogenic." This implies the item will not block your pores.

These changes can go a long way in helping you settle mild acne. If you need something more suitable for you, your doctor may propose topical or oral medicine.

Topical Medications:

Topical medications are ointments, gels, and creams that you apply to your skin. You commonly apply very little coat on your skin before going to bed and after waking up in the morning. Some are accessible over-the-counter, and others require a prescription.

OTC acne items contain Salicylic acid or Benzoyl peroxide. These substances diminish the quantity of oil your body produces, and fight aggravation. These effects help treat existing problems and keep new ones from forming.

Prescription topical drugs can help when OTC medicines are not sufficient. These acne gels or creams may contain Tretinoin (a retinoid tranquilize that originates from nutrient An), a more grounded form of Benzoyl peroxide, or an anti-toxin called Clindamycin. These medicines kill microorganisms that cause acne. Find solutions and treatment in minutes without leaving home, through online video consultation.

Oral Medications:

Oral medications for acne are called foundational treatments because they are consumed throughout the entire body. They are only available on a prescription from your doctor. These medications are ordinarily used to treat moderate to extreme acne that does not respond to topical medications. The three kinds of drugs used to treat acne include:

  1. Antibiotics - Your doctor may recommend antibiotics that you might have to take every day. It can help fight microorganisms and disease from the inside out. Anti-toxins are generally used with topical medicine when gels and creams alone do not improve your condition.
  2. Birth control pills - Controlling hormone levels can help improve acne for certain ladies. However, you should not use birth control pills during pregnancy. If you are pregnant, ask your doctor what you can do to prevent breakouts.
  3. Isotretinoin - Isotretinoin is a congenital disabilities medication in the retinoid family. It prevents the sebaceous glands from secreting excess oil. It likewise controls skin cell turnover with the goal that the cells do not hinder the arrival of microbes and abundance oil from your pores. Isotretinoin is for the most part held for people with extreme cystic acne. Your doctor may recommend it when other acne drugs have not worked. However, the side effects can be extreme, so it is not for everybody.

Procedures to Treat Acne:

In spite that it is not recommended as regularly as a prescription, a couple of medical approaches might be used to treat serious acne. These procedures can all regularly be performed in your doctor's office. They might be agonizing and at times cause scarring. Medical coverage plans do not generally cover them, either. You should affirm that your medical coverage will cover these procedures before you plan them.

  • Waste and Extraction - During waste and extraction, your doctor, will physically debride vast sores that form under your skin. They expel liquids, dust, discharge, and dead skin inside the pore to lessen disease and agony. Your doctor may inject anti-toxins or asteroid into the pore to speed mending and decrease the danger of scarring.
  • Laser Therapy - Laser therapy may likewise help improve acne contamination. Laser light lessens the measure of microorganisms on your skin that causes acne.
  • Compound Strips and Microdermabrasion - Compound strips and microdermabrasion evacuate the best layer of your skin. All the while, whiteheads, and clogged pores are additionally expelled.

Acne Treatments During Pregnancy

Nearly everybody encounters acne at some time. It is most regular among adolescents. However, grown-ups can have breakouts sometimes, particularly during pregnancy. However, pregnant ladies with acne might not have many treatment choices like others.

The majority of medications used to treat acne in teenagers and grown-ups are not advisable to use during pregnancy. Topical retinoids are class C drugs. This implies that they are unsafe to the developing baby if given in substantial sums. Check with your doctor before using Tretinoin.

Isotretinoin and antibiotic medication can hurt an embryo. Isotretinoin has been connected with birth imperfections, and antibiotic medication can stain your child's teeth. Try not to use both of them during pregnancy. The acne medicines that can be used during pregnancy are the ones that contain Benzoyl peroxide.

Side Effects

Side effects of acne treatments depend upon the technique you pick and the quality of the medicine.

For topical acne sedates, the most widely recognized side effects are skin dryness and discomfort. Luckily, these side effects are brief. They frequently improve as your body becomes accustomed to the drug. If your skin tingles or strips vigorously, tell your doctor.

The potential side effects of oral medications can be progressively genuine. Anti-toxins can cause stomach upset or make you disoriented. If you are likewise taking birth control pills, use a back-up contraception technique. A few anti-toxins diminish how well conception prevention pills shield you from pregnancy. If you are using conception prevention pills to deal with your acne, know that the side effects of oral contraceptives are blood clots and hypertension.

Oral Isotretinoin can cause extreme side effects, particularly if you end up pregnant while taking it. Extreme birth defects have been accounted for in children whose moms took Isotretinoin during pregnancy. The medicine can likewise build the danger of discouragement and self-destructive contemplations and influence your cholesterol levels and liver capacity.

Talk to Your Doctor

Acne is a truly treatable condition. At the point when essential lifestyle changes do not appear to work, attempt the least intrusive treatment. If you need something more grounded, plan a meeting with your doctor. They will evaluate your acne and recommend subsequent stages for treatment. Propelled therapeutic research is finding better approaches to battle this disease.

Last reviewed at:
30 Mar 2019  -  4 min read

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