Gingival Problems

Gingiva serves as a barrier in protecting teeth and their supporting structures. Bacteria present in the plaque is the leading cause of gingival problems. The common gingival problems are gingivitis, periodontitis, gum recession, gum abscess, and oral cancer. The risk factors are smoking, diabetes, genetics, and nutrition deficiency. The symptoms are redness, swelling, bleeding on brushing, and receding gums. It can be treated by scaling, root planing, medications, surgery, and bone grafts.

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I have a bleeding bulge on my gums, and I would like to know if I should consult a dentist.

Query: Hello doctor, In between my teeth, I have a bulge on my gums. What could it possibly be? It popped this morning, and blood came out. Since I am afraid to go to the dentist, I want to know whether I need to wait and see.  Read Full »

Dr. Naveen Thomas

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I understand your concern. It could be a gingival polyp (nodular gingival lesion that is non-neoplastic), which can develop due to food being trapped there for a few days causing infection. I suggest you do gargling with warm salt water twice a week, followed by app...  Read Full »

What can be the reason for my swollen and bleeding gums?

Query: Hi.I have swollen and bleeding gums. My gums bleed every time I brush my teeth. Am I deficient in any vitamin? Is this condition happening due to any vitamin deficiency? Please help.  Read Full »

Dr. Alfiya K Jamal

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I understand your concern. Swollen and bleeding gums can be caused by various reasons. Mostly it is caused by deposits of food around the tooth and in the gingiva. And it can sometimes occur due to vitamin deficiency also. I suggest you use proper brushing techniques and ...  Read Full »

After recovering from COVID-19 my gums seemed squishy. What could be done until I consult the dentist?

Query: Hello doctor, I do not have bleeding gums. My gums seem squishy, but I can not tell if it is my gums or tongue? I brush & floss regularly. I read to use peroxide, warm water, salt, or baking soda but not sure how to use it. The squishiness is driving me crazy. What can I do in the interim until ...  Read Full »

Dr. Rakshana Devi

Answer: Hi, Welcome to I will help you solve the issue. The gums may become weak and soft in case of gingivitis; though brushing and flossing are regularly done, the calculus deposits are seen and develop into gingivitis. I advise you to do scaling; scaling should be done once a year. I nee...  Read Full »

I have minor gum disease. Is rinsing with saltwater enough, or should I use a mouthwash?

Query: Hello doctor, I have a minor gum disease for which the dentist recommended rinsing with saltwater in the evening after brushing. Is that right? Is it true that saltwater washes away the fluoride? Is it better to use a medicated mouthwash for one week during the day? Is brushing twice, flossing, usin...  Read Full »

Dr. Bhargav Gutha

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Your reports (attachments removed to protect the patients' identity) suggest that you have gum diseases and fluorosis. The findings are suggestive of generalized chronic gingivitis, dental caries, and the presence of plaque or calculus. Periodontal involvement might ...  Read Full »

Are my gums sensitive due to my periods?

Query: Hello,My teeth have felt a bit tender for the last few days, and my gums are a bit swollen and red. Today the pain is more than usual. I suspect that my gums are inflamed, and I am experiencing tightness and pain on the right side of my mouth. The pain arises above my teeth, and there is some rednes...  Read Full »

Dr. Bharat Joshi

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I read your query and understand your concern. Please do not worry. I think this swelling is due to hormonal fluctuations, which results in an inflammatory response. It increases vasodilation (widening of the blood vessels) and results in swelling and vague pain. I...  Read Full »

I have red, swollen gums with white spot on one side of it. What could be the reason?

Query: Hi doctor, My gums are red, swollen, and is hard on one side, and on the other side, a large white spot is seen. I have not checked my mouth in a long time. Now it hurts while chewing the food. I have prominent gums I assume are from teeth clenching. Can you help me with this?  Read Full »

Dr. Mayank Khandelwal

Answer: Hi, Welcome to Hope you are doing well. As per the pictures shared by you (attachment removed to protect patient's identity) and the details mentioned, a gingival abscess has most likely formed near the premolar tooth on the tongue side. From the picture, dental decay is not seen in t...  Read Full »

Should I consult a dentist for gingival thickening at a particular area?

Query: Hello doctor, On my lower gum below the roots of my front teeth, I have a pale area that looks slightly thicker than the surrounding gum line. At first, I thought it could be a mouth ulcer, but it does not taste like an ulcer and does not hurt. I noticed it a month ago, but it could have been there...  Read Full »

Dr. Mousam Chattopadhyay

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I went through your query and also seen the attached images (attachment removed to protect patient identity). Although the images could be much clear and as you have used the flash the image is brighter than normal. But as a specialist, I can assure you nothing t...  Read Full »

How does the habit of pricking gums constantly affect oral health?

Query: Hello doctor, Ever since I was little I would stick sharp, pointy things between my teeth and poke and pick at my gums. It would cause pain but the pain was addictive, it is like I enjoy the pain. When I was a child I would use my fingernails to do it until my gums would bleed. I know that sounds n...  Read Full »

Dr. Beryl Fredrick

Answer: Hello, Welcome to I have gone through your query and understand your concern. Constant tooth picking leads to gaps between teeth, gum bleeding and gum weakness. Weakness of gums and bone creates more gaps which attract food deposits. These deposits irritate the gums constantly leading...  Read Full »

Is my dental problem curable?

Query: Hello doctor, My father is 70 years old. He has some dental problem and that is filled with pus and blood. Local dentist checked it, but the treatment does not provide complete solution. It occurs again and again. Please check the picture and tell me what it is. Is it cancerous? Is it curable? Ple...  Read Full »

Dr. Johnn Kazimm

Answer: Hi, Welcome to As the pictures (attachment removed to protect patient identity) go, first inadequate frenum mandibular reveals inadequacy of attached gingiva. Then, two swellings can be seen in the lower region and possibly with pus. Firstly, a thorough scaling followed by deep scaling...  Read Full »

I have a small red lump on my gums which bleeds during brushing. What could it be?

Query: Hello doctor,I have a small red lump on my gums. Not sure if it is an abscess or something and wants some advice. It is red and bleeds when I brush, and there is only pain when I brush.  Read Full »

Dr. Naveen Thomas

Answer: Hello, Welcome to Since how long do you have this lump? It could be an abscess, but need a clear picture of it for confirmation. Is there any decayed tooth associated with it nearby? If possible, send pictures or go to a nearby dentist.   Read Full »

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