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HomeAnswersDentistrygum infectionDo puffy gums indicate a periodontal disease?

Does puffy gums indicate periodontal disease?

The following is an actual conversation between an iCliniq user and a doctor that has been reviewed and published as a Premium Q&A.

Medically reviewed by

Dr. Nithila. A

Published At September 2, 2019
Reviewed AtOctober 11, 2023

Patient's Query

Hello doctor,

I have always had decent dental health, except for flare-ups with stress. Recently I noticed sensitivity along with bottom front teeth. When I pulled out my bottom lip, I noticed that the gum surrounding one tooth looked puffy. Not red, or sensitive, but it sticks out, it does not lay flat against the tooth like the others. Is this something to be concerned about? I am doing natural treatments with herbs, vitamins, etc. Could it be a periodontal disease?


Welcome to icliniq.com.

Puffy swollen gums are a sign of periodontal disease. The cause of the periodontal disease is microbial deposits on the teeth (dental plaque). The plaque when mineralized become tartar (calculus). The calculus, in turn, attracts more plaque, and the disease process continues. At later stages, it may lead to bone loss and mobility of the teeth.

I would suggest you to please visit your dentist and get your teeth cleaned, your dentist will be able to assess the stage of periodontal disease and if required will refer you to a periodontist. Get your oral health check-up done every six months so that any changes in the oral cavity can be treated in the initial stages.

The Probable causes

Deposits on teeth.

Investigations to be done

Clinical examination and IOPA.

Treatment plan

Scaling and root planing, if it has reached the advanced stage then further periodontal treatment.

Preventive measures

Proper brushing of teeth and regular check-up.

Same symptoms don't mean you have the same problem. Consult a doctor now!

Dr. Avinash Bettahalli
Dr. Avinash Bettahalli


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